From beginning to end, Irving demolishes the credibility of the myth, with things such as the invention of the historian Knickerbocker to the judge. Irving points out the flaws that exist in America through the use of Rip. When he does not recognize himself this is synonymous with America’s inability to recognize or define themselves. The society is not in harmony with its thought’s and action’s which disillusions the purpose of the myth giving them a sense of identity. Irving plays off of various inspirations and his character Rip undergoes the typical heroic journey.
While employing many of the same concepts as utopia, for example, social steadiness created by authoritarian regimentation, the dystopia comprehends these ideas pessimistically. Dystopia angrily challenges utopia 's fundamental assumption of human perfectibility, arguing that humanity 's inherent flaws contradict the possibility of constructing perfect societies, except for those that are perfectly hell-like. Dystopias are exclusively fictional, that presents forbidding, tyrannical societies with the moralistic goal of preventing the horrors they point
The most evident demonstration of such intention in Oedipus can be found in the words of the chorus: “The oracles concerning Laius / are old and dim and men regard them not. / Apollo is nowhere clear in honor; God’s service / perishes” (Sophocles 1030-1033). These words reveal the concern that if the prophecy about Oedipus had turned false (or if people thought it was false), it would have undermined Greeks’ respect and fear of gods and their prophets. This is why Oedipus had to become a victim of fate in the story. Other proofs of this motivation being important for the play can be found in various dismissing remarks about prophecies the protagonist and Jocasta make: “Ha!
ALBURT CAMUS AND THE ABSURDITY OF LIFE AND HOW CAMUS DEVELOPS THE CHARACTER OF MERSAULT TO POTRAY HIS IDEOLOGY The Stranger by Albert Camus is a not a typical novel containing a very well reasoned plot ,a variety of various engaging character or even a a romantic love story . One of the major theme of the novel is discovering the theme of absurdity and how should a human react to it when the whole world seems to be in chaos. On one side a claim could be made that Mersault himself is an absurd character but it would be unfair to notice how the world he is living in is equally illogical and unreasonable. With that in said Camus relies upon various literary devices from simple narrative to using symbols in order to connect with the themes and meanings.
The character of Dionysos assumes itself in many ways throughout Euripides’ Bacchae, the god’s actions and intentions within the text are open to interpretation, due to the tragic nature of the play. Dionysos can be understood as a psychological force within the work but he is, to a greater degree, better understood to be a petty and vindictive god when considering the nature of his relationships to humans in the play. The Bacchae is commentary on this very topic as Gods play cosmic forces in the realm of men and thus interact with mortals. The relationship between Dionysos and humans in the play shows evidence of his vindictive behaviour and its effect. This is seen in instances in the play where Dionysos plays with the mind of Pentheus, lacks compassion, does not allow his victims to repent, and ultimately divorces himself from his morality.
Introduction Inequality and adherence to outdated cultural traditions are two of the main sources behind the tragedies that were seen in the case of Oedipus Rex and Antigone. For instance, in the case of Oedipus Rex, the origin behind the tragedy can be traced to the belief of King Laius in the words of an oracle. The mere fact that he was willing to believe in something that "might" come true on the basis that an oracle stated it shows that the problem is a mistaken belief in a cultural tradition that is far from what can be stated as being logical. The same can be seen in the case of Antigone wherein the female protagonist (i.e. Antigone) places religious belief over the laws established by the state.
Marry Shelley’s ‘Frankenstein’ or ‘The Modern Prometheus’, largely resembles the Greek myth, where the subject makes severe mistakes, attempting to play god, as he disregards the ethics of humanity, as well as his own moral. Victor Frankenstein, who is the ‘Modern Prometheus’ in Mary Shelley’s novel, attempt to do the impossible – create life! While the Greek Prometheus (a titan), commits three sins against Zeus, one of them being the giving of fire to humans. Both are in their own way absurd, however in both cases, they succeed. However both are subjected to either pain or suffering, whether it is physical or mental, after realizing what they have done.
In Experience and Nature (1925) maybe his greatest work, Dewey defended his naturalistic view of mind and knowledge, and criticized the philosophical norm for its hypothesis of false divides between mind and matter, thought and object, theoretical and practical. The philosophical norm is overwhelmed by dualisms which guide to fake troubles, problems of establishing contact between realms that should never have been set against each other in the first place. The source of these dualisms is a split in being established by the ancient Greeks, a split between the perfect, permanent, self-possessed and the defective, changing,
The picture Blake painted in this poem presents brutality as the nature of humans. These four godlike aspects of humanity are metaphors who deny all reason for everything natural and organic. I realize further in the poem that Blake has interpreted mankind to be forged as a creation from the fearsome Old Testament God. Thus, the 'Human Dress is forged in Iron ', while human form, face and heart are severally 'a fiery Forge ', 'a Furnace seal 'd ' and 'its hungry Gorge '. The overall impression is that it is humans who are being jealous, who cause terror, who create secrecy and cruelty.
Suggesting that humans are in the middle state, Alexander Pope said “Human is imperfect being, “created half to rise, and half to fall … The glory, jest, and riddle of the world!” in his philosophical poem, An Essay on Man. Both Iliad and Beowulf offer insights into the human society that could apply to today’s world where humans still have to choose between safety and glory sometimes and where individuals’ weakness or emotions can result in conflicts or war that can affect a large number of people. Homer’s Iliad places its focus on the story of its major character Achilles, who is a renowned warrior among Greeks, during the Trojan War. Beowulf highlights the adventure of the main character Beowulf who shows the prototype of masculine qualities