Irony is one of the rhetorical devices in which it it uncovers the difference between the truth and something expected. Predominantly, it detects the misconceptions or the unfairness of a specific situation. (http://figurativelanguage.net/Irony.html) Most of the time, Frederick Douglass used irony in order to uncover the defect in the reasoning of the issue of slavery. For instance, in the third chapter, Douglass made a description about the obssesive care of his previous master named Colonel Lloyd on his horses. Lloyd was beating his slaves in charge of taking care for the horses when they made any mistake.
Throughout the narrative, the author includes his personal stories about experiencing the violence of slavery first-hand. For example, on page 20, he writes about the first time he witnessed a slave, his own aunt, getting the whip. “The louder she screamed, the harder he whipped; and where the blood ran fastest, there he whipped longest…I remember the first time I ever witnessed this horrible exhibition… It struck me with awful force. It was the blood-stained gate, the entrance to the hell of slavery…” The author including his experience of his aunts whipping, in detail, appeals to the emotions of the reader. By appealing to the emotions of the reader, Frederick Douglass can build his argument of how awful slavery was and how the slave owners used Christianity to justify what they did.
This was so typical of marriages of that time, women were just not treated equally. Paula Anca Farca agrees wholeheartedly that there are touches of feminism and how often in Kate Chopin’s work you can find these themes, “I argue that due to reversals of power, Chopin’s oppressed female protagonists challenge patriarchal structures. (Paula Farca)” Chopin is clearly addressing her feministic outlook in the story “Desiree’s Baby” making sure that the text embellishes the fact the protagonist is scared of her
She considers her race “cursed with the brand of slavery” (Chopin. Par 6), and she is quite glad that her own child will never find out that his mother was black. The slave mindset runs deep in everyone's thoughts that the understanding of how to appropriately distinguish and process their status, their value, and their humanity of blacks and whites. Racism not only operates in the white society against blacks, but among blacks themselves. They have internally made differences that in fact end up damaging white men like Armand
Billy Graham said, “Racism and injustice and violence sweep our world, bringing a tragic harvest of heartache and death.” Harper Lee depicts this in To Kill a Mockingbird by illustrating racism through Tom Robinson’s unjust trial. The novel is set in the 1930s in a small southern town in Alabama called Maycomb. In the town, a black man named Tom Robinson is accused of raping a white woman, Mayella Ewell. The people of Maycomb are quick to accuse Tom due to his race. In To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee uses the motif of racism to convey the theme that African Americans were dehumanized and not given equitable treatment during the 1930s in Alabama through Tom running away from the Ewells at the time of the alleged assault, the jury convicting Tom, and talk of Tom’s death being expected of him.
Frederick Douglass’ Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, Written by Himself and Harriet Jacobs’ Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl discusses how slavery dehumanizes and breaks down an individual to no worth. Douglass’ and Jacobs’ accounts are similar because they lecture against slavery with the work and obstacles they went through. Jacobs says, “For years, my master had done his utmost to pollute my mind with foul images, and to destroy the pure principles inculcated by my grandmother, and the good mistress of my childhood. The influences of slavery had the same effect on me that they had on other young girls; they had made me prematurely knowing, concerning the evil ways of the world.” (827) Jacobs explains that slavery has attempted to take a toll on her life with its physical, emotional, and mental abuse. Women in slavery were mistreated sexually as well, and in this case, Jacobs faced sexual oppression at a young age.
Kate Chopin, in her work entitled The Story of An Hour, uses metaphors and freedom to reveal her belief that women are oppressed while Gilman, having the same view, uses symbols and verbal irony. Chopin and Gilman convey their views on the oppression of women in marriage differently. Kate Chopin, the author of The Story of An Hour, uses metaphors and a widow’s independence to show her view that marriage is oppressive. Upon hearing of her husband’s death, Louise Mallard, the main character in The Story of An Hour, recedes to her room. “When the storm of grief had spent itself she went away to her room alone.” (Chopin, 2014) Louise’s withdrawal to her room acts as a metaphor for her life as a married woman.
Light in August William Faulkner’s Light in August portrays the social alienation of African Americans in the South during the 20th century. The novel was based in the American South during the 1930’s, when racial tensions continued to surge. Faulkner exploited Joe Christmas, a biracial orphan, to represent the social prejudices African Americans faced. In 1896, the Plessy v. Ferguson case emerged in the state of Louisiana, where Homer Plessy was forced to sit in a “colored” car. Homer Plessy correlates with Christmas, because he was an “octoroon”, meaning he was one-eighth black by descent (Wittenberg 148).
Famous poet, and civil rights activist Maya Angelou once said, “Prejudice is a burden that confuses the past, threatens the future and renders the present inaccessible.” This quote demonstrates one of the many themes in the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird. The novel, written by Harper Lee, follows the story of the protagonist, Jean Louise Finch or Scout, who lives in Maycomb, Alabama with her brother, Jeremy “Jem” Finch, and her father, Atticus Finch. The story takes place in the 1930s, where Scout’s father, Atticus, is a lawyer who was chosen to defend Tom Robinson, a black man accused of raping a white woman. While Atticus is preparing for his case, Jem, Scout, and their friend, Dill, have multiple encounters with their ghost-like neighbor,
As was expected of the time, plantation owner’s had to broadcast certain opinions about people of color. This derogatory view become a standard for the South and other opinions that differed from this were frowned upon. Kate Chopin, in her story Desiree’s Baby describes a letter about Armand’s race, “’But, above all,’ she wrote, ‘night and day, I thank the good God for having so arranged our lives that our dear Armand will never know that his mother, who adores him, belongs to the race that is cursed with the brand of slavery’” (Chopin, 4). Armand was raised white, his father keeping his black mother a secret from the world. We can piece together information to infer that not every person in the South held black people in such a deprecating way.
The worst of all mischief occurred during the Stono Rebellion. About 20 blacks grasped ammunition and weaponry from store at Stono River Bridge. They menacingly burned about seven plantations and killed about twenty of my dear neighbors. More uprisings have progressed throughout our colony after the rebellion. Due to this incense, I have kept a tight surveillance on my slaves through the new slave code.
Aunt Hester was physically beaten until” warm, red blood”, said Douglass, fell from her body. She was humiliated by Colonel Lloyd, because she was not present when he requested her. Frederick Douglass described the scene to be, “horror stricken.” This was his first exposure to the gruesome backlash of slavery. Murdering a slave was socially different than murdering anyone else. It was known during this time that ,”it was worth a half-cent
In the novel To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee, the story is set in the 1900’s, Maycomb, Alabama. During this time there was racism in the south and segregation which separated the whites and blacks from everything. There was also the Great Depression, the whole country was poor and people living in the country had to trade and do other jobs for people to either pay them off or to buy something from them. The trial in this book is about Mayella and Bob Ewell, two white people, claiming and arguing that Tom Robinson, a black person, raped Mayella Ewell. This trial is really important because at that time in the south, white people took advantage of black people and their kindness and thought they would take that or shut up just because they were black.