Jazz was a term for a type of music which developed in the Southern States of America. From racial bands to protests during the civil rights movement, Jazz has played a large role in shaping our democracy. First recorded by the famous jazz singer Billie Holiday, ‘Strange Fruit’ is a song about the lynching of African Americans in the south during the first half of the 20th century. This song was first written as a poem by a man named Abel Meerpool, who was disgusted after seeing a gruesome picture of the lynching of black men. At this time, lynching in the south had reached its peak, estimating to about 4,000 lynching’s’ in the century before 1940.
The Scottsboro Trials and To Kill a Mockingbird In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, the famous father named Atticus says “You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view… until you climb into his skin and walk around in it (Judith 2). This quote is said during a time of intense racism. “Not long after Obama took office, the National Urban League released its 2009 State of Black America report. The findings showed that racial inequities continued in employment, housing, health care, education, criminal justice, and other areas” (Buckley 1). This essay will primarily focus on the criminal justice area of this when discussing the Scottsboro trials and comparing the trials to the famous novel To Kill a Mockingbird.
In addition to this, they were forced to wear the Star of David when in public to signify that they were Jewish. They Jews were also transported to the Auschwitz concentration camp during the Vélodrome d’Hiver raids in 1942, where they were killed. France was also part of the African Slave Trade and in 1685, Louis XIV set up the Black Code, which was a set of rules stating that black slaves had no judicial rights and was the property of their master. 76% of those polled said that there were too many Arabs and Berbers in France while 39% said they had an "aversion" to Arabs and Berbers. A poll held in March 1990 revealed that 76% of the voters felt there were too many Arabs and Berbers in France and 39% of them revealed that they were distasteful of Arabs and Berbers.
The Meaning Behind “Strange Fruit” The title of the poem is “Strange Fruit” by Abel Meeropol. The date of the publication was in 1937 and was recorded by Billie Holiday in 1939. Abel Meeropol was inspired to write this poem from a old photograph of a lynching. He was haunted for days with this picture in mind and then decided to put his thoughts into words in this beautiful yet haunting poem “Strange Fruit.” The powerful imagery In Abel Meeropol’s poem, “Strange Fruit,” reveals the brutal reality of racism in America during the early to mid 1900s. The meaning, message, and literary devices interwoven by Meeropol pull the reader into the harsh reality of that time.
“Strange Fruit” Poetry Analysis Abel Meeropol wrote the poem “Strange Fruit” in 1937 and was sung and recorded by Billie Holiday in 1937. It was during this time in the South were discrimination took a turned to a vehement bloodshed. The practice of lynching grew very notorious in the South, and a picture of two lynched bodies, terrified and haunted Abel until he wrote his poem :strange Fruit”. Alas, the powerful imagery in Abel Meeropol poem reveals the brutal reality of racism in America during the early to mid 1900’s. The poem, “Strange Fruit” is about how black lynching, in its most rawest state, and how it is in great conflict with the empirical view of the South held by many.
Compliant with Mandelberg’s discussion of racially implicit campaign advertisements, Weaver discusses Barry Goldwater’s campaign that featured televised images of riots in Harlem in 1964, warning voters of “mobs in the street” and suggesting that black militants and civil rights demonstrators will incite future violence. Violent protests in response to the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., police brutality, and racial discrimination were framed by conservative politicians as a national crime issue. While conservatives argued that race riots - on a sharp rise from 1965 to 1969 - constituted the steady rise in the crime rate, Weaver points to other factors that may have lent to the increased crime statistic in recalling a study that correctly proposed that if factors, such as the baby boomer population and increased population, were removed--the crime rate would prove to be stable. However, the federal government cracked under conservative pressure to address the problem of crime and passed the Law Enforcement Assistance Act year? ?, which included provisions for federal funds allotted to state and local governments for innovating their criminal justice systems.
Racial profiling is defined as “The use of race or ethnicity as grounds for suspecting someone of having committed a crime”. (Oxford Dictionaries | English, Oxford Dictionaries.) For the long history that is The United States of America and even in present day we still see racial profiling. In the past few years even with large media presence on certain cop related incidence or the unfair sentencing of one due to their race we have started to see a change from those within the criminal justice system as well as the citizens of this country, standing up for what is right and just. In 1968 after the country was suffering from riots from Newark to Detroit with damages to the country ranging in the $100 million mark on property damage, 83 people killed, over 1,700 injured and overall unrest within the country.
The Jim Crow Laws originated from a performance called Jumping Jim Crow, Jim Crow is a minstrel character who sings and dances. The performer is usually a white man with black face paint that acts in a foolish and uneducated way. The author of the song and character created Jim Crow as a stereotype for all blacks. The term became very derogatory and offensive and when the government and states were creating new laws to restrict blacks from their rights they used this name (Sharp, Carson and Bonk). The Jim Crow Laws made a system for segregation using legal laws (Carson and Bonk).
In 1877, when the Reconstruction era ended, inequality and injustice towards black people was present more than ever. The 14th Amendment granted blacks the American citizenship and an equal protection in front of the law, whereas the Civil Rights Act of 1875 granted also protection in public places such as theaters, hotels, or restaurants. Unfortunately, after the Civil Rights Cases in 1883, the Supreme Court outlawed that equal protection does only apply from governmental infringement. Private Citizens like railroad conductors can argue that they are acting according to the State’s law. The case Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) is a good example in which the Supreme Court “upheld a Louisiana law requiring segregated railroad cars” (Boyer 609).
2B Apartheid in South Africa I would like to present a social issue in South Africa called “apartheid” that have affected many generations and still haunts young people today. I will start with the history of the black people’s lack of rights and status under the apartheid regime and conclude with how it affects young people today. The black population suffered under racial discrimination for more that 40 years during the apartheid. The Afrikaner National Party came to power in 1948 with the slogan “apartheid” which means racial segregation. Apartheid was introduced in 1948 and was designed to make the white minority in charge of the black minority and to be able to profit on South Africa’s rich resources without sharing with the black population.