Society looks down on those who refuse to participate in the rat race, whether voluntarily or circumstantial. In The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka warns us of the consequences that befall those who do not conform to the norms and expectations of the modern society. The 1914 novella tells us of the metamorphoses in the life of Gregor Samsa, a travelling salesman who woke up one morning as a “gigantic insect”. Gregor Samsa’s physical transformation into a “gigantic insect” brought drastic changes to the dynamics of the household. However, Kafka’s in a matter-of-fact way of narrating made the piece seem like a light read, a disparity to the dark unfolding of events.
The next step is to explain the aversion to the body fluids, rotten food, illnesses, and wounds, appearing in the novella. Lastly, by taking into account Kafka’s biographical aspects, parallels between Gregor’s exclusion and social ostracising of Jews back then can be drawn. Thus, in this essay, I will argue that Franz Kafka’s novella The Metamorphosis can be read through the lens of Kristeva’s notion of the abject, which manifests itself on the bodily, familial and socio-cultural levels in the text, as related to the protagonist Gregor Samsa. (<= THESIS
Kafka creatively uses several different symbols to create a “more than meets the eye” feel with his story. Kafka uses symbols such as The Picture Of the Fur Coat Lady, Doors and Windows, Gregor as a Bug to provide insight to his dehumanization. Kafka uses the picture of girl in the fur coat to symbolize the last of Gregor's humanity before he turned into a cockroach. One example of this is Gregor's reaction to his sister Grete and his Mother.”That picture, at least, which Gregor was now completely covering, surely no one would now take away”(Kafka 35) he thinks this when Grete and his mother are moving his furniture out of his room. This is unusual behaviour for Gregor even as a bug, he has never once
Stanley Corngold states “The Metamorphosis” displays “the desire to represent a state of mind directly in language” meaning Kafka tries to show his thoughts and intentions directly through his writing (Corngold 84). Kafka is an excellent writer in the way he transmits the intent of his thoughts onto paper, through his incredibly well thought out symbolism and metaphors. The uniqueness of Kafka can be best described by Walter Sokel, who writes “It is difficult to place Kafka in a literary tradition” due to his nightmarish and absurd storytelling there are not many authors that can be compared to Kafka
Franz Kafka drew considerable inspiration from Ovid while writing his famous story, The Metamorphosis. This inspiration is readily detectable throughout the story. However, Kafka took an interesting approach to making the story his own. He also changed the writing style of the story to correspond with the time he wrote it in. The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka draws on and transforms “The Transformation of Arachne into a Spider” from Metamorphoses by Ovid to tell a similar story while meeting the criteria of magical realism.
And thus, capitalism is born. Franz Kafka uses Gregor’s alienation in The Metamorphosis to highlight and condemn the values of a capitalist society—one in which one who cannot contribute to the economy through labour is worthless—and suggests that a person is valuable and worthwhile by simple virtue of humanity, not based on how well they can play the game of capitalism: we all have wings. Kafka juxtaposes Gregor’s mindset
There will come a time where a person will have to rebel against something or someone to find inner peace or freedom. This is exactly what happens in “The Hunger Artist” by Franz Kafka. Kafka uses material circumstances and commodification to show how the Hunger Artist is rebelling against society, while everyone else seems to be conforming to what 's popular at the time. The Hunger Artist is valued, or commodified, for his ability to last many days without any source of nutrition. The people in the village were completely infatuated with his frail malnourished body.
The Metamorphosis illustrates the consequences of assimilation for the Jewish identity and human sense of self through Gregor’s struggles to communicate, the betrayal of his father, his loss of civic identity when he can no longer work, and the isolation that accompanies the bourgeois lifestyle. Kafka drew from his personal experiences as well as contemporary politics to frame the anxiety of the Samsa household. The Judaism passed onto Franz Kafka from his father left him longing for something more, something Gregor hungers for as well in The Metamorphosis. Isolation and despair fill the pages of Gregor Samsa’s tale but it is the hunger Gregor cannot satisfy. He eventually copes with his loneliness and finds hope beyond his despair, but the hunger is more problematic.
Kafka’s early childhood and his relationship with his father is representative of the oppression that K felt in the Courthouse, which involves the fear of arbitrary judgment and unjustified discrimination. Freud’s psychoanalytical theory allows for a deeper understanding of political processes and shows that the suppression of ideas through individual and state oppression is resulted from the fear of arbitrary judgment on those suppressed ideas, such as sex. The purpose of The Trial is rightfully explained by Kafk as “the true task of literature is to reconnect us with feelings that are otherwise unbearable but must be studied…” and he argued that “a book must be the axe for the frozen sea within us.” Kafka’s novels serve as a way for people to understand themselves about society; specifically, he urges us to truly question the modes of authority and confront our deepest fears, even if it seems like a brute and daunting task. In conclusion, Kafka’s work is a timeless reflection upon totalitarian regimes and a profound application of Freud’s psychoanalytical
Another example of existentialism in Krakauer’s work is McCandless’ discovery of the dilapidated bus. When McCandless finds the bus, he assigns it special meaning when he writes in his journal “Bus Day” (Krakauer 207). The bus is valuable to McCandless because he uses it as a place of shelter on his trip. To others, who may just be hiking the trail for the day, the bus may be viewed as old, run-down, and worthless. To McCandless, it is his place of shelter, which keeps him alive much longer than if he did not find the