The novels The Poisonwood Bible and Things Fall Apart consist of many indications that the characters home influences their behavior greatly. The white man has their own perspective and expectations on what a home is and should be. In the African culture they have a very different belief system that influences their decisions. In both novels colonization takes place and has a big impact on what each group thinks of the other. When reading these two works of literature the audience learns about the different perspectives from the different cultures at hand.
When Okonkwo defeated Amalinze the Cat in a wrestling match, his “fame had grown like a bush-fire” (3). By comparing Okonkwo to a bush-fire, Achebe illustrates that he has rose to fame rapidly like how bush-fires spread rapidly. Bush-fires are also known to be violent, pointing out the flaws of Okonkwo like his aggressiveness. Achebe uses similes to portray his characters in order to show that the Igbo culture has a close connection to nature; they also display the idea that a person’s
What is particularly interesting is that Conrad transformed a personal experience into a fiction of general historical and cultural significance. With little sense of strain, he moved from self to society; it was one of his eccentricities to mythologize an historical self, to place his own life at the heart of historical conflicts. (Ross) The ‘Heart of Darkness’ is representative of the African continent which is perceived to be at the centre of the Earth and that which was believed to be lagging in terms of progression and development. But by the end of the novella, readers question this notion: is it really Africa that is hidden away in darkness or the hearts of the brutal colonizers under whom the natives have suffered in their own land? The plot of the novella revolves around Charles Marlow the protagonist, who is along with his fellow sailors aboard his ship Nellie anchored in the river Thames, narrating the story of his journey into the African continent, or as the Whites would put it “the heart of darkness.” This was the place that kept him wondering from childhood as depicted in
He is described as a hardworking, strict and serious man who fears to become anything like his father, Unoka - who is described as a lazy and a coward, yet a gentle person ("And so Okonkwo was ruled by one passion - to hate everything that his father Unoka had loved. One of those things was gentleness and another was idleness. ", Achebe, page 10). Okonkwo is also described as hot tempered man, as his three wives and eight children fears his temper. When Okonkwo commits the crime of accidentally killing a boy (he had already committed the crime of beating one his wives on Week of Peace), he is exiled from his tribe for seven years.
When creating a story, symbolism can be a crucial factor that helps represent ideas and morals that build onto the characters and the work as a whole. Things Fall Apart and The Poisonwood Bible both use a great amount of symbolism to create a picture for the reader and connect ideas throughout the plot. In Things Fall Apart, the harvesting of yams is used as a symbol to represent wealth and fire is also used to describe Okonkwo’s aggressive behavior. The Poisonwood Bible uses a parrot named Meshuselah to represent The Republic of Congo and what they go through. They also refer to the poisonwood tree and the word “bangala” when speaking about Jesus and religion.
Fire symbolizes masculinity, ander, and strength , both which Okonkwo represents.Okonkwo is associated with fire throughout the novel,alluding his intense and dangerous anger. He allows his anger to consume him and take control of his actions.In Chapter 1 page 1 it states ,”He had a slight stammer and whenever he was angry and could not get his words out quickly enough,he would use his fists.”Okonkwo had a real anger problem because he associates masculinity with aggression and anger which is why anger is the only emotion he displays.He even shows anger towards his wives and children because his whole life was dominated by fear of failure and of weakness.In Chapter Two page 10 it states,”Okonkwo ruled his household with a heavy hand.His wives,especially the youngest,lived in perpetual fear of his fiery temper,and so did his little children.”Okonkwo frequently beats his wives and even threatens them so he won 't appear weak and feminine like his father.Another quote from Chapter 17 page 133 it states,”Okonkwo was popularly called the ‘Roaring Flame.’As he looked into the log of fire he recalled the name.He was a flaming fire.How could he then have a begotten on like Nwoye...Okonkwo 's eyes were opened and he saw the whole matter clearley.Living fire begets cold,impotent ash.”Okonkwo can become to far overwhelmed with his rage to control it any further,and it ultimately can destroy him,leaving him gray and lifeless like the ashes of
2. Comparison of Purpose 2.1. Achebe: To Denounce Heart of Darkness Chinua Achebe is considered as the man who redefined our way of reading Conrad’s Heart of Darkness. Indeed, while focusing on the description of Africa and its people, the Nigerian writer laid serious charges against it for its racist stereotypes and highlighted the colonizer’s oppression on the natives. In truth, even after thirty-four years of his first delivered public lecture “An image of Africa”, excoriating the book, he spoke again against it in an interview with Robert Siegel where it seems that, for him, the novella is the product of “a seductive writer and who could pull his reader into the fray.” Thus, he wanted to disclose the truth about its hidden intentions so that the reader would not be fooled by its tricky writing style.
When diving into the writing of Things Fall Apart and Poisonwood Bible, the influence of culture and geographical surroundings on the characters and their social and moral traits is evident. Both authors purposefully developed cultural conflicts in their writing to cause the reader to think about the effects of culture on the way one thinks and acts. Not only are the characters in these novels shaped by their own culture, but they also encounter difficulties when confronted by a new culture. Achebe’s characters Okonkwo, his family, and his village are introduced to the culture of the white missionaries not by choice while Kingsolver’s characters Nathan Price and his family choose to experience a new culture when they go to the Congo as missionaries. In each of these instances, the characters previous culture impacts their ability to adapt to the new one placed in front of them.
King would be outraged by the reality of environmental racism. King would even be more angered by the way Environmental Racism has manifested itself into the U.S industrial architecture. Environmental racism is silently poisoning people of color as well as destroying developing nations. King would be happy to see that this issue is being discussed. King in his famous “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” King wrote “I had hoped that the white moderate would understand that law and order exist for the purpose of establishing justice and that when they fail in this purpose they become the dangerously structured dams that block the flow of social progress.” (7) Many times in King’s essay he called for “ the white moderate” to speak out against injustice in all forms.
For example, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie who receives Commonwealth Prize for Literature for her first novel Purple Hibiscus also receives Orange Prize for her same novel and for her Half of a Yellow Sun. She follows tradition like Chinua Achebe, also targets issues of social and political issues directly or indirectly of the status of Nigeria. However, her Half of a Yellow sun speaks the most direct attack of Nigeria and Biafra war. Her Purple Hibiscus shows the impact of colonization of Nigeria. It visualizes the facts of ethnic tensions and political imbalance and the fear of racial injustice and cultural identity and power supremacy among the people as well as rulers.