He is so moved by the souls weeping, “the other wept, in such a way that pity blurred my senses; I swooned as those to die,/ and fell to Hell’s floor as a body, dead, falls” (5:139-142). This is one of Dante the Pilgrim's first encounters with the nature of sin. He is easily drawn and persuaded to feel pity for the souls trapped in Hell. He does understand, at this point in his journey, that lust is sin and needs to be treated as such. This means that he should not pity those in Hell because it was their choice to be there--this is a point Virgil makes several times.
In the “Divine Comedy” the writer, Dante Alighieri uses his own namesake to create a character, Dante, whose moralistic qualities change dramatically as he journeys through Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven. In the beginning, Dante finds himself lost on the path of sin and is sympathetic to others who have strayed as well. As he begins his journey, Dante shows concern and sympathy to the suffering sinners. It is only once Dante ventures deeper into the circles of Hell, when his demeanor changes and hatred begins to show. Dante, once weak and blindly empathetic to the sinners who turned their back to God’s love, becomes consciously aware of the importance of faith and justice.
One possible explanation of this is that each sin in itself can be viewed as a form of idolatry. As you engage in idolatry you begin to configure your life around your idol instead of configuring your life around God. Naturally this leads you away from God, and the farther away you become from God the more likely you are going to hell. Ultimately engaging in idolatry will lead you to hell. Dante shows this in his Inferno through many characters, such as Francesca, Ciacco, and
It is this point of the journey when Dante truly begins to adjust his response to sin, illustrating an inward change in Dante’s own soul. Previously, Dante pitied the sinners in Hell, this is particularly demonstrated in his interactions with Francesca and Paolo, two sinners punished in the Second
The first Circle, Limbo, differs from the later circles of Hell because those who reside in Limbo live in painless sorrow while the souls in later circles incessantly suffer for their sins. When Dante enters Limbo, Virgil explains that the virtuous pagans have “sinned not; and if thy merit had, / ‘Tis not enough, because they had not baptism” (12). Also, Dante heard “lamentations none, but only sighs, / … And this arose from sorrow without torment” (12). Dante the Poet portrays Limbo like this because although the pagans do not deserve severe torment for living righteous lives, their lack of proper faith prevents them from entering Paradise, therefore they still remain in Hell. This causes them to live with the realization that they will never
The message in Inferno is that everyone is destined to sin once in their lives, but everyone has a choice of how bad they want their punishment to be. Alighieri outlines this with the use of different sinners in different circles of Hell. For example, the virtuous pagans in circle one never did anything bad against God, they only didn't believe in him, and for that, they only had to be without light. However, in circle 9, there reside the people who betrayed others and made a conscious choice to sin and go against God's words, therefore landing them with the worst punishment. One sinner in this circle is Judas Iscariot, the man who went against Jesus Christ.
The heretics are put in the 6th level of Dante 's Hell. A heretic is someone who does not believe in God. At the front of the gate there were Rebellious Angels, now turned from beautiful to hideous. Their punishment is that they have to be in a fiery tomb that never stops burning. I found that interesting because God wants you to love him and heat or warmth is assassinated with love.
The statement that Dante’s Inferno is the most “immoral and impious book that was ever written” (Pearl) is incorrect because of Dante’s reasoning behind the creation of the Commedia. Dante’s goal is to save the souls of all who have gone “astray/ from the straight road” (I.1-2) and may find themselves in the Dark Wood of Error. Throughout the Inferno, Dante makes several references begging the reader to “understand/ [his] poem and profit from it” (XX.19-20). Dante realizes that his text brings together “striking odors, filth, excrement, blood, mutilated bodies, agonizing shrieks, [and] mythical monsters of punishment” (Pearl), but Dante must include these references in order for the reader to experience all, just as Dante does to save his.
To claim that hell carries out retributive justice is claiming that this is a place where people are being punished for their sins. This sort of justice is not forgiving of the imperfections of humanity and it is implied that the punishment will last eternally. However, restorative justice would mean that hell is a place of purification for the “tainted soul” and allows that soul a second chance at being worthy of God. This
Francesca and Paolo lack remorse, and forget reason, which led them to Hell. In contrast, Beatrice and Dante’s love story is described in terms of divinity and with respect to God. Francesca di Rimini and Paolo Malatesta are in the second circle of hell, where the lustful sinners are punished. Francesca had an affair with her husband’s brother; two of them were innocently reading a romantic story – Lancelot, and swept up with romantic passion. Consequently, they are being punished together in Hell.