However, many Spanish friars realized that what their people were doing was wrong. They believed that the natives deserved to be free and have the same rights as everyone else. After many confrontations, the crown passed laws that granted the natives their freedom, and both the Spanish and Indios learned to live in harmony, as long as the natives converted to the Catholic faith. You can still see how the Spanish and Native American culture
French explorers came to the New World seeking gold as well. There was a bond between the Church and the Capetian kings (Jaenen vii), so evangelization was a goal for the French crown. Assimilation was the main strategy for both the French church and state (Melzer 169). The French wanted close contact with the Native Americans. The French said that they would form “a same people and same blood” (Melzer 169).
As Anglo Americans moved to Texas, many native born Mexican Texans would be removed from their land and face discrimination. Slowly, the natives of Texas became outsiders in their own land. Juan Seguin himself face Anglo opposition. After the republic Republic of Texas was formed, Juan Seguín was the only Spanish speaking senator. He was driven out of his own land because of untrue accusations from Anglos that he was still loyal to the Mexican government.
“Cortez went on to overthrow the empire of the Aztecs, it was clear that Spain’s empire of the Indies had come to stay.”- Empires of the Atlantic World: Britain and Spain in America, 1492-1830, John Huxtable Eliot, p20. Unfortunately for the Indian natives this was well and truly the case. There should be total regret for the ravaging and diminishing treatment of the native peoples that inhabited the lands of the Americas. There can be nothing to celebrate when brutality and violence were inflicted on native peoples during the colonisation of these lands. The natives of islands such as Hispaniola were innocent, meek and naïve.
Some argue they were just merchants trading slaves and goods with other countries around them and some say they are missionary’s trying to convert the native people to their religion. Many explorers during these ages explored for their country or for their curiosity of their surroundings. Spanish explorers such as Hernando de Soto explored regions as such as the west indies. He had wanted to explore them throughout his whole. He was invited on a ship that was exploring them at about the age of 14.
Soon after this, the French surrender Fort Frontenac on Lake Ontario, destroying their ability to communicate with their troops in the Ohio Valley, which if you remember was the area of land which was a major part of starting this war. Seeing that the war is not going in favor of their side the Iroquois, Shawnee and Delaware Indians make peace with the British. This becomes a heavy blow on the French. They were already outnumbered but, now their Allies are beginning to disband. The British continue to take fort after fort eventually capturing fort Niagara, the French pull out of that area which includes Crown Point, the last stronghold of the French on the western frontier, which means they now control the entire western frontier.
When the Spanish arrived in the Philippines, the diverse population of inhabitants were either animistic or Muslim. With the exception of Manila, the periphery of the islands had little economic value and returned relatively poor profits. Therefore, "[Spanish monarchs] resolved early that religious conversion of Filipinos was to be the only justification for holding the islands." Due to conflicts with the Dominican and Jesuit orders that did the missionary work in the Philippines, the Spanish appointed and trained Indios, those who were of fully Filipino descent, and Mestizos, those of half-Iberian, half-Filipino descent, to be priests. These Mestizos and Indios were on the lower end of the racial hierarchy of the Philippines, so the fact that they were able to gain prominent roles in the clergy show a very high level of commitment to proselytization by the Spanish.
One of the most determined of these explorers was Hernando Fontaneda, an unfortunate Spanish Conquistador that discovered the harsh reality of venturing into the unknown. After being shipwrecked off the coast of Florida at the age of thirteen, lived among the Natives of Florida for 17 years before eventually returning to his homeland of Spain. He wrote a memoir containing the recollection of his interactions with the Natives and the geography of the area in which he was marooned. When describing the location of valuable items and ore he wrote, “the cacique (chief) is lord of the River of Canes, where the pearls and lands of lapis lazuli are, and the the gold is afar off…” Fontaneda constantly repeats his observation of little to no gold in land of present-day Florida. Fontaneda’s concern in his memoir is evident and reflects the Spanish ’ insatiable lust for gold.
Unlike today, there was no official separation between the church and state, “and politics and religion were very much mixed. When Columbus came to the Americas in search of land for his king, he also came to claim land for God” (Spreading Religion in the Age of Exploration). The Europeans spread Christianity, and it became very popular among the colonies of the New World. “Roman Catholicism was the official religion of Spain, so the Spanish conquistadors sought to spread Catholicism throughout their colonies, in addition to accumulating wealth and power” (Spreading Religion in the Age of Exploration). The Spanish missionaries worked very hard throughout the Americas and attempted to evangelize Native American groups.
However, the French troops had an advantage. The French had not taken after the Spaniards when it came to the American Indians. The Spaniards turned them into slaves, while the French allied with them. After the French protected the Huron tribes from the Iroquois in the 1640’s, the Huron and the French became business partners. Then in 1754, the French needed help and the American Indians came rushing to their side.