Language: The Three Important Levels Of Language

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"Language is the expressions of ideas by means of speech sounds combined into words. Words are combined into sentences, this combination answering to those ideas into thoughts" -Henry sweet Language as defined a tool of Communication. Human beings can be in contact with each other. We are capable of swap over knowledge, ideas, outlook, wishes, threats, commands, thanks, promises, declarations, feelings – only our imagination sets confines. Communication by means of speech may be referred to as linguistic communication, the further customs talked about – laughing, smiling, shrieking, and so on – are forms of non-linguistic communication. Predominantly,…show more content…
Language is the chief source of communication of ideas. There are some other ways also, such as dance, music, physical gesture, and symbol, through which we can communicate the ideas. But language is a very common and an easy source of communication. It is the basis of human civilization, which would have been impossible without it. Language does not come into being overnight; it evolves over a period of time. Some Linguists has defined language as : "Language is a system of conventional, spoken or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture , communicate."
The language activity has three important levels : substance , form, and context. Substance is the raw material of language that may be phonic (audition) or graphic (visual or written). Form is the internal structure. It is grammar and lexis. Context is the relationship between form and situation. It is studied under the head Semantics (meaning). Linguistic level is a hierarchical analysis of language structure. Hockett advocates five levels which he calls subsystems, of which three are central and two are Peripheral. The three central subsystems are
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