Synthetic Phonic Analysis

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Synthetic phonics instruction focuses on teaching students the letters and corresponding sounds that make up words (Hill, 2012). Synthetic phonics instruction is the main method of teaching phonics as it allows children from any background and knowledge base to develop their reading ability. This approach is normally teacher-centred and involves explicit instruction practice and feedback (National Inquiry into the Teaching of Literacy, 2005). The bottom-up approach is used since children learn how each letter makes up a syllable, word, sentence and paragraph (National Inquiry into the Teaching of Literacy, 2005). For example, a teacher writing the letter ‘a’ would explain the sound it makes in the word ‘tap’, this would then be extrapolated
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