Systemic Functional Linguistics Essay

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This research uses Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) by Halliday to analyze the ideology that relies on the transitivity analysis found in Emma Watson’s speech for the HeForShe campaign. SFL is to be assumed as an approach that helps a researcher in analyzing meanings that are made through the language that is used in everyday communication (Eggins, 2004:1). This approach can also see how language works, how they are produce, how they different people interpret them, and how the culture gives value to them (Eggins, 2004:1).
Halliday also explored his research in linguistic analysis and proposed the development of a detailed functional grammar of modern English that shows how simultaneous strands of meanings are expressed in clause structures (Eggins, 2004:2). Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) can be said to be systemic because humans can produce languages in several ways (Halliday, 1994). Additionally, it is also assumed that grammar gives language users a wide choice (Halliday, 1994). Therefore functional theory is existed because of the various functions and objectives in the use of language.
Languages generally have three main functions called metafunctions, those are: the ideational metafunctions, the interpersonal metafunctions, and the textual metafunction
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Transitivity focuses on how the writer or the speaker describes who is doing the action and who is affected by the actions. Therefore it can be proven how transitivity as a part of the ideational function is capable in exploring the writer or the speaker’s view, and it can be concluded that transitivity analysis can reveal the relationship between language and ideology, as well as the meaning that an be seen or cannot be seen in a
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