Systemic Hypertension Case Study

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Systemic Hypertension is increased blood pressure flowing through the systematic arteries (the blood vessels that transport blood from the heart to the tissues). It is caused by the narrowing of the arterioles which causes an increase resistance in the blood flow through the blood vessels thus, causing an increase in the workload of the heart and increases the pressure of the arteries (Kearney, 2009, p.11).
The blood pressure is considered to be raised when the systolic and the diastolic levels are at the highest and lowest respectively. The systolic pressure depends on the age of a person; the maximum reading is approximately 140mmHg. The upper (diastolic) pressure is 90 mm Hg. Pulse pressure is referred to the difference between the
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Knowledge & Understanding
Most of the symptoms of the symptom of systematic hypertension are not diagnosed in cases usually referring to primary hypertension whereas secondary hypertension is easily diagnosed with time with the regular monitoring of blood pressure patterns. Life style adjustments and medications are seen to be effective in controlling of primary hypertension.
Systematic goal is to decrease the blood pressure to a range of 140/85 mm Hg from the high to normal pressure of 130-140/85-90 mm Hg) which progresses to Hypertension (Stage 1) (>140/>90 mm Hg) in more than 37% of the individuals that are over 64 years and less than 49% of individuals who are less than 65 years. Patients with co-morbidities like coronary artery disease and diabetes mellitus (DM) should be avoided from any intensive reduction in the blood pressure for long terms, since according to Dickinson (2013, p.215), it is proven to increase the chance s of cardiovascular episodes.
The following ranges of blood pressure to be treated according to the urgency

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