Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that causes the demyelination of the myelin sheath which surrounds and protects nerve cells. Multiple sclerosis is a complicated and unpredictable neurological disease, and it can affect any area of the brain and spinal cord (“Multiple Sclerosis: Answers At Your Fingertips.”, 2010). According to Richman, Schub, and Pravikoff (2015) there can be four clinical types of MS, there is relapsing-remitting (RRMS), primary-progressive (PPMS), secondary-progressive (SPMS), and progressive-relapsing (PRMS). PPMS has a steady progression of symptoms. SPMS has serious progression of symptoms later throughout the disease.
Crohn’s Disease symptoms can vary in different many ways. It just depends on which part of your gut is effected. Symptoms most likely include some severe pain in your abdomen area. Other symptoms can include weight loss, fever, fatigue , loss of blood, diarrhea, skin and rash inflammation(Nordqvist). Not all complications and symptoms happen in the GI tract.
Lupus Erythematosus is a disease when the bodies immune system attacks other healthy tissues in your body that keep away different infections, illnesses, ect. Lupus Erythematosus is more likely to happen to most women then men. It could be causes by your: genetics, the environment that you 're around for long periods of time, or hormones mostly in women . Certain symptoms like, fatigue, swollen or painful joints, headache, a rash shaped like a butterfly appearance, loss in hair, blood clots, and more. The symptom depends on where it is mostly infected in your body.
A decubitus ulcer is a sore developed by pressure from lying in one position for too long. Typically described as an open wound on skin and is also called a pressure sore or bed sore. Decubitus ulcers often occur on the skin covering bony areas, like on the hips, back, ankles, and the buttocks. Long periods of time in a bed, wheelchair, or to those who can’t move certain body parts without help are also a huge cause for ulcers. They are also most likely to happen to those with fragile skin.
At least ninety percent of people living with this disease are women. Facts show that “Lupus is two to three times more common in African American women than in Caucasian women and is also more common in women of Hispanic, Asian, and Native American descent” as said by lupusresearch.org. People with this can also get flares; feel fatigue, get arthritis, fevers and rashes along their body. Since everyone is different, some people might need medication from anti-inflammation to even taking chemotherapy medication. Doctors are doing what is known as clinical trials to try and find better medicine and a cure.
For further evaluation genetic tests can be done on a patient to seek the NPC1 gene that causes the mutation resulting in the lack of cholesterols levels(2). Some of the tests that can be performed are liver and spleen biopsies and cholesterol assay (3). Symptoms, morbidity and mortality The symptoms of NPC1 are varied from individual to individual because it can occur at any point. However, some of the symptoms of the disease include neuro-cervical disorders which ultimately affect the lungs, liver, spleen as well as the central and peripheral nervous system (3).
Having horrible abdominal pains with diarrhea, coupled with fever and vomiting at the same time? It is possible that you may have developed Crohns disease. Your other symptoms include weight loss and rectal bleeding. Or it may be the case that your child is the one having this disease. You should be concerned as a child with Crohns disease can find that his growth and development affected from the symptoms.
Sickle cell has a lot of different complications. These make the disease itself harder. All the complications and symptoms just depends on the person and how their body chooses to react. Hand-Foot Syndrome is one complication that occurs with sickle cell. Due to the sickling of the cells blood vessels may be blocked which causes the hands and/or feet to painfully swell.
A wound is a disorder in the normal anatomical structure and function of living tissue which may be caused by physical, chemical, microbiological or immunological injury. Globally wounds also represent a significant burden on the patients and health care professionals or givers. Wound infection is also significant in that they are the most common nosocomial infection (Orrett, 2002) . Infection of the wound is the successful invasion, and proliferation by one or more organisms anywhere within the body’s sterile tissues and sometimes accompanied with pus formation (Calvin, 1998).Wound infection may result to prolong hospital stay, delay wound healing, increases cost of health care and morbidity in surgical patients (Orrett, 2002).. Wound infection with multiple organisms may even result to multiple organ failure or death of the patient when it becomes chronic.
The recurrent binge-and-purge cycles of bulimia can affect the entire digestive system and can lead to electrolyte and chemical imbalances in the body that affect the heart and other major organ functions. Some of the health consequences of bulimia nervosa include: Electrolyte imbalances that can lead to irregular heartbeats and possibly heart failure and death. Electrolyte imbalance is caused by dehydration and loss of potassium, sodium and chloride from the body as a result of purging behaviors. Potential for gastric rupture during periods of bingeing. Inflammation and possible rupture of the esophagus from frequent vomiting.
“Lymphoid tissue, cells and organs that make up the lymphatic system, such as white blood cells, bone marrow, and the thymus spleen, and lymph nodes” (The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica). Lymphoid tissue is a big part of Hodgkin disease, so to fully understand the disease an individual must learn that the lymphoid tissue is very important for the human body. Lymphoid tissue is extremely important as an immune response and it also helps protect the body from infection and invaders. Simply, Hodgkin disease is the expansion of lymphoid tissue and the existence of Reed-Sternberg cells that are found in the lymph nodes. Reed-Sternberg cells “are large, often multinucleated with a peculiar morphology and an unusual immunophenotype, that does
Discussion Post Week Eleven NURS6551, N-6 As an advanced practice nurse (APN), one will evaluate many patients with musculoskeletal and endocrine conditions. Therefore, the clinician must be aware of subtle differences that occur in various diseases to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment. For the purpose of this week’s discussion, I will choose a case study and explain the likely diagnosis along with the differentials.
Lupus Erythematous Systemic Lupus Erythematous (SLE) is a chronicautoimmune disease occurring in the muscle and skeletal systems. If a person were to have Lupus Erythematous, his/her immune sys-tem would begin to attack itself, rather than outside invaders. As a result, tissues, organs, and nerves are harshly affected. According to the Lupus Foundation of America (2017), SLE affects more than 1.5 million Americans, mainly ranging from ages 15-44, but most commonly in young African-American women. Cause The cause of Systemic Lupus Erythematous is unknown, however there are several fac-tors that may have an effect on the symptoms and disease.