Self-concepts are an individual 's perception of their own actions, potential, and distinctive characteristics. These self-concepts give the individual an essential motive for behavior. Furthermore, the theory states that people and groups are influenced by cultural and social processes. Therefore, social structure is worked out through social interaction. This paper aims to analyze symbolic interaction theory, discuss its history, criticisms, as well as emphasizing the current social condition of gender inequality which relates to it.
Discussion Looking at the symbolic interactionism theory, it emphasizes that people interpret the world around them in their own way, and they assign symbolic meaning and understanding to certain concepts in their environment. The way people interact with the world around them is how they develop their thoughts on people and objects in their environment. The ideal type created for this research is based on the average coffee shop. The ideal type includes: caffeinated beverages, dark counters and tables, dimly lit rooms, quiet conversations, and a warm atmosphere. One concept that was helpful when looking at this research was the willingness of the patrons to communicate.
The restrictions to the psychodynamic approach are they can be considered as to be falsifiable and impulsive, case studies lack abstraction , treatment actioned utilizing this approach is addressed by the correlation of the extent of patients who have recuperated from atypical disorder. (Billingham et al, 2008). No consideration is given to intellectual advancement(Louw, 1998). In contrast with the psychodynamic approach the humanistic hypothesis of Carl Rogers (1959) confided in a inclusive approach (affirmative growth from inside), that it can be identified with every living thing, that individuals are not patients but rather client, there is no age or stages that living things experience, counsellors are there to help the client develop, to concentrate on the quick circumstance as opposed to their past (psychoanalysis theory ) and are not there to tackle the clients issues, he called this client centered theory. (Billingham et al 2008).
The symbolic interaction perspective, also called symbolic interactionism, is a major framework of sociological theory. This perspective relies on the symbolic meaning that people develop and rely upon in the process of social interaction. Although symbolic interactionism traces its origins to Max Weber 's assertion that individuals act according to their interpretation of the meaning of their world, the American philosopher George Herbert Mead introduced this perspective to American sociology in the 1920s. (Crossman, 2012) Typical connection hypothesis dissects society by tending to the subjective implications that individuals force on items, occasions, and practices. Subjective implications are given power on the grounds that it is trusted that individuals carry on in light of what they accept and not simply on what is impartially genuine.
Goffman does not deny what traditional symbolic interactionists argue. Instead he is more interested in how the presence of other individuals, social arrangements, social order, social hierarchy and the interaction order shape the image of ones ‘self’. Goffman studied & explored the nature of ones self and its relation to the broader moral codes & social attidudes that shape agents interaction
Second, the construction of meaning will be transmitted within an essentially social context as shown in the interviews, focused-group discussions, observations and document analysis. Finally, constructionists view that there is no true or valid interpretation. This is represented in the conclusion as researchers suggest new
When people symbolize their experiences, it gives structure, meaning and continuity to their lives. Another distinctive quality of social cognitive theory and an important point in this theory is the capacity for self directedness and forethought (that people plan a course of action and set challenges and goals that guide their future activities). It is said that after we adopt some personal standard, our subsequent actions, behavior motivation are regulated by the positive and negative consequences of those standards. We all engage in things that provide some form of satisfaction and self worth, and tend to shy away from actions that devalue the self (Pajares, 2002). Behavior can be predicted by predicting perceived self efficacy (a person’s beliefs about the capabilities) over actual accomplishments,
Researcher position: Epistemology: Constructivist epistemology will underpin this study, Crotty (1998) states that meaning is constructed out of various phenomena resulting from interaction with life experiences. Since meaning has to be constructed, the proposed study will be premised on an interpretivist approach grounded by the symbolic interactionism perspective. Symbolic interactionism gives emphasis to the social interaction process as a means by which meaning and interpretation is made, For us to understand the behavior of people, symbolic interactionism becomes vital especially that it lays emphasis on the people interpret word and give meaning to symbols ( Denzin,1998;Patton,2002).Since human beings react towards things based on the
In conclusion, the four major theoretical perspectives described above can be said that structure functionalist would focus on what is common practice in a certain society and would analyze the function symbol used to interact and communicate in that society. Whereby, symbolic interaction try to determine how individuals of a certain society interpret the environment or what others have on the development of an individual self-image. Meanwhile, conflict theorist would look at the power differences between various groups of a society, where they come from and what effect they have on
The concept of Positivism is directly associated with the idea of objectivism. In this kind of philosophical approach, scientists give their viewpoint to evaluate social world with the help of objectivity in place of subjectivity (Cooper and Schindler 2006). According to this paradigm, researchers are interested to collect general information and data from a large social sample instead of focusing details of research. According to this position, researcher’s own beliefs have no value to influence the research study. The positivism philosophical approach is mainly related with the observations and experiments to collect numeric data (Easter-by-Smith et al 2006).