Tang Dynasties

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Over thousands of years of vicissitudes of dynasties in ancient China, the Tang Dynasty (618-907), undoubtedly, was one of the most glistening historic period. Considered as the ‘Golden Age’ in Chinese history, the state, under the ruling of the the capable emperors of Tang, became the most powerful and prosperous country in the world. In this glorious period, the economy, politics, culture and military strength reached an unparalleled advanced level. After 300 years of division and fragmentation following the collapse of the Han dynasty in 220 A.D., China was once again unified under the Sui dynasty (581–618). The political and governmental institutions established during this brief period lay the foundation for the growth and prosperity…show more content…
In the agriculture section, they came up with this new and imaginative agrarian regulations called the ‘equal distribution of land’, also known as the equal-field system. According to these regulations every family was granted enough land to support itself. (The civilization of ancient china) It allocated land according to the needs of the individual Chinese family. The impact of the system was twofold. It guaranteed that every Chinese household would be working on rich fertile land; this ensured that the people’s labor would be rewarded with bountiful harvests and economic security for their families. More importantly, the equal-field system prevented the accumulation of large tracts of land by wealthy aristocrats that was the root cause of the peasant rebellions during the Han Dynasty.The productive potential of the equal-field system was unleashed at the same time that the government introduced a new, fast-ripening strain of rice into the Chinese agricultural sector. This new species allowed for multiple harvests that significantly increased the supply of food, which in turn had an important impac`t on Chinese demography. The population of China increased from 45 million to 115 million between 600 and 1200. This agricultural security and increased population affected the Tang Dynasty in two important ways. The number of peasants needed to produce rice was reduced, and this in turn allowed many Chinese to specialize in certain cash crops that accelerated the commercialization of Chinese agriculture.(Fitzgerald) Regions began to specialize in certain fruits and vegetables as well, and the expanded transportation network distributed these crops throughout the empire. This set the stage for the world’s first integrated national economic system. The equal-field system also facilitated the payment of taxes, which were levied on people rather than land, and
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