Failure of the school of thought would be defined as the discontinuity of the idea due evident historical ineffectiveness in using the idea for governance and social conduct or merely the irrelevance of it to society today. Confucianism Confucianism was a philosophical ideology centralised about social conduct, through the emphasis on humanness within an individual. At the foundation of his beliefs, is the idea of benevolence (仁), a quality that one should aim to achieve. His teachings are primarily about fostering relationships at all levels of society, how one should behave in front of others, towards their elders and to their ancestors. Under the Han and Tang dynasty, Confucianism was adopted as the imperial philosophy and was also promoted amongst its citizens through by establishing the Confucian classics as the basis of the government examination system and the core of the educational curriculum.
Manichaeism is a mixture of Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Greek ideas and Christianity and was popular among Chinese people (TravelChinaGuide). Last one is Nestorianism which was a school of Syrian Christianity (TravelChinaGuide). There was a lot of spread and birth of religions on the Silk Road. There were also cultural influences on both sides of the World. Because of traders travelling from both sides of the world to the opposite sides culture spread like wildfire.
Buddhism had an impact in both empires. However, Confucianism was the official ideology upon the entire Han Dynasty. Their values focused on a system of philosophical and “ethical-sociopolitical teachings”. Han China accented political control around the education of bureaucrats to make more logical decisions. Maurya India, on the other hand, was essentially a Hindu state.
This religion believes that every living thing should have a force going through them. People who believe in the Taoism religion don’t really believe in a bunch of rules. The Taoism religion came up with the idea of yin and yang. They believed everything in nature dealt with yin and yang. The forces of yin and yang could be thought of as good or bad.
Shan Hai Jin is an important Chinese mythology classical classics, often called as one of the treasures of Chinese mythology, even seen as an ancient Chinese encyclopedia by some experts. This book includes eighteen chapters, which can be divided into two parts: the mountain and the sea. We can find a lot of famous mythology from the Shan Hai Jing, such as Nu Wa, West Queen Mother, Gun and Yu, the Yellow Emperor and Chi You, Tong Ladder, Optimus Prime and many other myths. Songs of the South is a poetry collection, from late Warring States period to the early Western Han Dynasty, edited by Han Dynasty scholars. Its main author is Qu Yuan.
Although some may say that since Chinese culture is so old, Myths are useless, fake, stories; but it is clear that Chinese mythology did influence the cultures belief and was the base of many religions. Chinese Mythology has altered china’s culture and beliefs throughout the years because of the religions, lifestyle, and political view from mythology. The importance of religion in China is what keeps the ancient countries culture unforgotten, but the mythology in China is what shaped those cultures. According to Living Myths, about Chinese Mythology “Much Chinese mythology is based on animism, which sees the land itself as alive.
In an excerpt from “The Final Awakening,” when he describes “the intense combat between the old and modern current thought,” (Chen, 1), Chen describes the struggle between the old and the new. China’s traditional ideas and customs have been lost due to an overhaul of Western influence. If nationalism were to present itself again, citizens would have to fall back on their traditions. “Why should I reject the desires and influential elders, who are all a part of the people, to build a constitutional republic” (Chen, 1). Rather than Western influences continuing to change the Chinese landscape, he believes they should look to their elders who can begin to teach the youth how to merge the older customs with the advancements from the West.
How Buddhism Influenced Chinese Culture As one of the four great ancient civilizations, China has a very long history and a gorgeous culture. We can not ignore the fact that not only religions and cultures are inseparable, but also can influence each other profoundly, Just like Buddhism and Chinese culture. “The Chinese traditional culture includes three systems of thought: Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism. The first two are Chinese culture, and Buddhism is a foreign religion from India.
Pascal and Descartes were two early philosophers to question this. Pascal fully understood the uncertainty of God in reality; how science cannot prove or disprove a God, therefore
The composition of Tao Te Ching is itself an example of dualism, as the book is divided into two sections, “Tao” meaning the way, and “Te”, meaning virtue, hence the name Tao Te Ching. The Tao section is focused on one’s spirit and its harmony with the Tao, while the latter section is focused on tangible virtues applicable to the actions of people, such as rulers or soldiers. In chapter 2 of Tao Te Ching, Laozi emphasizes the importance of dualism in the human mind, stating in line 2, “All can know good as good only because there is evil,”meaning that one cannot understand something without comparing to its opposite. These lines are then followed by the paradoxical statement, “Therefore the wise goes about doing nothing, teaching no-talking.” Although the idea of one doing and teaching nothing can seem nonsensical, the statement actually emphasizes the importance of dualism.
One of Lao Tzu’s successors, Zhuang Zi was also a major influence to the religion, who wrote another crucial book to the religion. In addition to the influences made by certain people, Taoism morphed over time due to the influences from religions. In the beginning, Taoism was a religion focused on simple meditation and recitation of verses, but during the 5th century AD it stole some concepts from Buddhism including reincarnation (unity with the universe) and cosmology. During the 6th century many talismans and rituals became part of Taoism. By the 1200s, the differences between Taoism, Buddhism and Confucianism became subtle and less defined.
By using Confucianism, Shotoku ended the wars between the clans and "allowed the moral emperor to decide the disputes"(Shotoku). Furthermore, the seventh rule in the article states that, “The Ministers and functionaries should make decorous behavior leading principles.... If the superiors do not behave with decorum the inferiors are disorderly. " This idea comes from the Chinese Confucian philosophy which states that if people are controlled with punishments they will have no sense of shame, but if they are governed by, “means of virtue,” they will gain their own sense of
Thousands of years ago, Egypt and China were great and powerful civilizations. They both had complex religions that shaped the way they viewed the world and impacted how they lived their everyday lives. This essay will compare and contrast their different beliefs, practices, and other religions that influenced their cultures. Egyptians believed in many gods. Many specific things and ideas had a designated god, such as the Nile, the sun, death, and animals.
t Comparing the Dao in Confucianism to the Dao in Daoism, similarities or differences Dao in Confucianism represents the entire normative human order. The Dao in Daoism antedates Tian and acts as the basis of the natural order. While in Confucian Dao they hold the ideal political-social-ethical order ordained by tian for the people. Confucianism encourages their perfectibility through self-effort the teaching of ethics and good movement. The primacy of the Confucian Dao requires superior human beings, sages and men of virtue to exert their highest effort to actualized its ideal design.
The base layer of many cultures is their religion, or philosophy of how they should live. The religion, or beliefs of a culture or region, can shape and mold that society in many different ways, whether it is how they view society, nature, and civilization or how they treat one another. Both Daoism and Confucianism played a pivotal roll in the development of Asian cultures. Confucianism came from the early teachings of the Dao or the “way of life” which began “The classical period beginning in the Xia, Shang, and Zhou kingdoms, including the justly famous Warring States philosophers at the end of the Shou kingdom from (1700-221 BCE), while Daoism started after in 200 BCE. While Daoism started to develop in 200 BCE and on.