3. Compare this excerpt to the excerpt of the Tao Te Ching contained in "Laozi on Dao" (p. 188 in the APWH textbook). These two traditions -- Taoism and Confucianism -- have coexisted in China for thousands of years. Are there tensions between them? Do they echo each other? Explain -- Both of the text are taking about the same thing of virtue. Master and Laozi think the same way because they want a place where people follow the ruler and gives faith to them. Both of them say the world is the opposite of that people don 't listen to others. Both of the text say that the virtue is
Many people have mistaken Confucianism as a religion. However, it is a system of belief, a philosophy. This belief emphasizes on respect and harmony of relationships. Moreover, it pushed for a well-ordered society by accentuating human relationships, a righteous leader and a good education. Confucius, a philosopher and a teacher, founded Confucianism. He grew up in the period of warring states, a time of chaos and internal hostilities during the Zhou Dynasty. Therefore, Confucius’ ultimate goal was to transform the Chinese society into a state of unity and righteous. However, Confucianism did not flourish until the Han Dynasty. It also played a different role in the Song Dynasty.
Feng Menglong’s content and method of his edification are different from traditional morality and Neo-Confucian ethics, but I’m still thinking, “The pearl Shirt Reecountered” is an interesting chapter to read because it is different from other books. I also thinks that Mei Chun doesn’t like Feng Menglong because he has two different perspectives in the prose and verse; she also mention Menglong too serious to be a mere joker because his book name was like Alarm the World or Awaken the
In ancient china there were two widely different philosophes being so excepted within the same culture. The two philosophes were Confucianism and Legalism. Confucianism was during 55 B, in China. Legalism was during 475-221 BC, also in China. Confucianism is a belief or an idea. The purpose of this was to show people how to be in harmony with their place in life. Legalism is a ruling made by Shi Huangdi, who was a strict ruler in china. The purpose of this ruling was to get the people of china to follow the rule, and if they didn’t there was a very harsh punishment. Although confucianism and legalism have some similarities, but the differences between the two are amazingly clear.
Hsun Tzu as a great scholar and philosopher was born 300 BCE in North Central China. He argues that for one to become virtue, he or she should change the feelings and behavioral trails of all mankind. He was also a spoke person of education and articulated that by extreme training and loyalty to learning could result in virtue. In addition, he relates the process of teaching a child the right way to live as being difficult, but if done properly the process will live forever and will transfer from generation to another generation. In other word, he was a brilliant Chinese philosopher who wrote figuratively and base his writing on situation of the real world that could be easily argued. In the essay “Encouraging Learning”, Tzu uses his boldness with
In the discussion on the methods of governing and administration of a state, one cannot leave out the models proposed by Confucius as well as Mencius. Both advocated that the ruler or the government has to rule by virtue and strengthen moral education among its people. Political leaders have to set moral examples for the people to follow, and to be benevolent towards their subordinates and citizens. By doing so, that would bring about social stability and population growth within the state, also creating conditions that would lead to an improvement in the welfare of the people. By fulfilling his duties to the people, a just and benevolent ruler would then be justified to rule by the Mandate of Heaven. Although both Confucius and Mencius have a lot in common with regards to governance, the two do have varying opinions on certain matters such as the legitimacy when rulers are overthrown, and the relationship between the ruler and his people.
Confucius, Aristotle, and Lao-Tzu—all incredibly influential thinkers—did not always agree on how one ought to live; where Aristotle believed that thought or study led to virtue, Lao-Tzu placed focus on inaction, and Confucius taught that rituals paved the way to the best life. A few ideas, however, tie Confucius closer to Aristotle than to Lao-Tzu. Because Aristotle also placed importance on names, emphasized the need to find a mean of behavior, and believed that rulers should most critically be moral, Confucius would have preferred Aristotle to Lao-Tzu.
Scholars Aristotle and Confucius are both well-known people in history. Aristotle was an incredible Greek rationalist and researcher while Confucius was a Chinese government official, a savant, and an instructor. They both made huge commitments to ideals and morals. Their thoughtful works were comparable in nature, yet with some unique perspectives, thoughts, and points of view toward temperance. Their rationalities are still being used today. They were incredible masterminds with awesome impact in the antiquated society. Confucianism imparts to Aristotle mindfulness that for people to be great, they require moral astuteness and in addition different demeanors of character, yet Confucianism places more prominent accentuation on the part of reflection and concentrate in the improvement of good insight (Provis, 2017). Over the next several paragraphs, it is my goal to address the following: 1)
There are two giants in the Axial Age of human history, Confucius and Plato, who are considered as the landmark in the oriental and western world. They are great philosophers, ideologists as well as excellent educators, whose thought have profound influence to the oriental and western world. Confucius’s ideas maintain authority for more than two thousand years, which have intimate connections with development of Chinese federal society. Even to this day, it still remains practical significance and reflects the glorious radiant. Plato’s doctrine is a source of Western political thought. The political elites of the west today can still see the shadow of his influence. Confucius and Plato share the similar life experience and the life pursuit. Both of them lived in the period when the slavery system declined and both of them had the ambition to create an ideal society. Therefore, through compare with Confucius and Plato’s idea, we can see there are some similarities in their concepts of philosophy and education. But contribute to the diversity of historical background and culture tradition, we can also see many differences of their thought, among which there are many sparkling points that is worth exploring. In this paper, we’ll study some of their famous pedagogy thought to explore what influences they have brought to the Chinese and westerners’ cognition and behavior and why the two civilizations developed in same period would diverge in such a degree. Furthermore, I
In The Tao of Pooh Hoff uses a unique writing style to explain the basics of Taoism, an Eastern philosophy, to Westerners. He takes A.A. Milne’s characters created for Winnie the Pooh, and uses them and their personalities as examples of the different kinds of people in this world. Written in essay form, the book includes dialogue between Hoff and the characters, making it much easier and more enjoyable to read. Hoff explains the principle ideas, starting with the un-carved block, or P’u. He goes on to describe it as everything in its simplest form, and the idea that we should strive to be that. He brings in the “Tao Te Ching”, or the Bible for Taoists, and uses it for explanations and as evidence. In the second section of the book Hoff analyzes
The author situates this general gist during the course of the framework of traditional Chinese Culture. . Wang Lung, a farmer, has an intimate relationship with the earth because he produces his own harvest through his own manual labor. In contrast, the local Hwang family is alienated from the earth because of their wealth, and harvests are produced by hired labor. Wang Lung’s worship for nature is responsible for his kindness, as well as for his successful farming season, and that the immoral wasteful ways of the wealthy are due to their estrangement from the land. A very special part of the theme, shows that human success is temporary, as the earth sustains forever. And as Wang Lung’s fortunes rise, he becomes more distant towards his land and begins to follow the amoral Hwang family, whose fall parallels his own rise. Buck, is warning that the wealth of the Hwangs was the reason that they lost their affection towards the land, additionally hiring laborers and spending their own days in the laps of luxury. Gradually, the Old Master becomes obsessed with corruption and the Old Mistress addicted to opium. Wang Lung then becomes wealthier, and follows the footsteps of the hwang family, hiring laborers, and
They describe the way of Heaven as a kind model for how a civilized person should live throughout the world. In the poems, the Laozian sage manages to attain wu-wei by specifically not trying, but by relaxing into some kind of harmony with nature. The Daoist poems can also be characterized by a graceful ease that plays a key role in early Confucianism. Confucianism is usually connected with rituals and traditions, both which seem to most of us as being the contrasting idea of Wu-Wei. We can the comparison and example of a type of Wu-Wei when we walk down a street. We don’t usually worry about how to walk, we don’t consciously start observing ourselves, and we just start to walk. Walking is one of several things that our body knows how to do automatically without any effort from our conscious minds. As we think about this, we get a strong wisdom of somehow being split in between a mindful “I” and an unconscious body, which frequently seems to have an awareness of its
Yang Guangxian (1597-1669) wrote “I Cannot Do Otherwise” in response to the Jesuit teachings between 1659 and 1665. He, along with the majority of Chinese officials, was in opposition to the Jesuits and denounced Christianity. In the first paragraph, Guangxian restates that the Jesuits claimed that “the Qing dynasty is nothing but an offshoot of Judea.” He does not like how the Jesuits were trying to persuade “the people of Qing into rebelling against the Qing” dynasty and following Christianity. Confucian teaching emphasizes relationship hierarchy and being respectful to elders. In the second paragraph, Yang criticizes Jesus for not recognizing these relationships between ruler and subject because he was crucified for plotting against his country. Guangxian did not understand how Christians could
By following these theories, it is clear that both are in direct conflict with one another. In regard to the nature of man, this is obvious, with Confucius writing on inherent goodness and Han Feizi writing and agreeing on the opposite. This leads to some interesting situations, particularly for the societies which would aim to adopt each philosophy. However, both did agree that order was necessary and through the state order can be achieved. Confucius thought emphasized this in The Doctrine of Learning by stating that “the ancients who wished to manifest their clear character to the world would first bring order to their states” (Chan p. 86). While this order is brought through personal rectification and inward reflection beginning with the
Originated from China, Confucianism, an ethical and philosophical system developed from the teachings of Chinese philosopher Confucius, is considered as one of the largest religions in Asia, concerned with the principles of good conduct, practical wisdom, and proper social relationship. Among Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries, Vietnam and Singapore are profoundly affected by Confucian ideas in many aspects of life such as economy, policy, society and especially in education. Although both Vietnam and Singapore’s education have been influenced by Confucianism, there are similarities and differences between two countries in terms of origin, moral education