Needs analysis that emphasizes on the learners' present situation (strength and weaknesses) is called Present Situation Analysis (PSA) and the one that emphasizes on what learners need after taking the ESP course is Target Situation Analysis (TSA) (pp. 8-9). The result of the needs analysis can be the start point for the teacher to design the syllabus and select the teaching materials for an ESP course. The authenticity of the materials and the use of textbooks or tailor-made materials are the issues about the materials selection since ESP relates to the learners’ disciplines or professions. The teaching and learning process, the assessment and the evaluation also have equally important roles as needs analysis and course design.
- Linguistic analysis, discourse analysis, genre analysis focus on knowledge of how language is used in target situation. - Wants focus on the target population’s desire - Means analysis focuses on the environment where the course is run. To perform needs analysis for the particular group, the researcher has to understand the procedures of the needs analysis and pay attention to each of steps in order to render the valid and reliable research. McCawley (2009) argues six steps of needs analysis include: - Write objective - what does the researcher want to learn from needs analysis? - Select audience - who is the target population or group?
Further research should be done using the HEIghten method. Since lack of critical thinking skills is seen at the high school level, it would be beneficial to use it as an assessment prior to applying to colleges, perhaps in freshman and sophomore years. Another area of research proposed by the authors is the idea of using motivation prior to giving students the assessment exam. Evidence points to increasing student motivation leads to higher assessment scores. Bashith, A., and Amin, S. (2017).
This does not mean that one cannot learn from activities that are not explicitly suited to their own style, but their preferred style will maximize their opportunity to learn. Based on the work of Kolb (1984), learning styles were developed by Peter Honey and Alan Mumford (1992). They identified four distinct learning styles or preferences: Activist, Theorist; Pragmatist and Reflector. These are the learning approaches that individuals naturally favor. Honey and Mumford (1992) argue that in order to maximise one 's own personal learning, each learner ought to understand their learning style and seek out opportunities to learn using that style.
Purpose: Identify the key purpose of conducing the analysis. (Points = 1) a. The main purpose of conducting a needs analysis is to discover, and then analyze the deficits and spaces for improvement in regards to the performance needs of a company/ organization. This analysis provides insight into the specific areas that could potentially be worked on to create more efficient organizations, teams and people. Use: Discuss 2 specific ways the analysis results might be useful to an organization.
To achieve the learners’ needs and interests, someone should do the need analysis.Richards and Rodgers (2001) says that need analysis is a procedure which is used to collect the information about the learners’ needs. This procedure, of course, has some steps which must be taken into account while assessing the learners. In addition, Graves (2000) explains much about needs analysis. He says that the process of needs analysis involves a set of decisions, actions, and reflections that are cyclical in nature: 1. Deciding what information to gather and why.
Initial step of a successful course design is a well-planned needs analysis. There have been needs analysis studies for very diverse fields, however, studies on the language needs analysis of teaching profession seems rare. This paper presents an endavour to identify vocational language needs of pre-service teachers from various fields: math, science, basic education, physics, and chemistry. The study took place
Methodology during the planning phase of the project Needs assessment Hawe, P. Degeling, D. and Hall, J. (1990) described the needs assessment as an implementation process to get a comprehensive picture of the health problems in the community and to guide the choices about the types of solutions that might assist in solving the problems experienced by the community. A needs assessment can be described as a systematic approach that progresses through a series of phases. The needs assessment focusses on the outcome. Data is collected for specific purposes, in our case, for research.
Recently, we were given a task which required us to develop a suitable and relevant activity to teach a grammar item. On top of that, we were also assigned to do a simulated teaching based on the procedure of the activity that we planned. Hence, I am going to write a reflection based on a few aspects which are focusing more on our strengths and weaknesses when presenting our simulated teaching. Upon the agreement that has been made, my group and I decided to teach preposition, to a year four pupils, with an intermediate level of proficiency in English. The topic that we chose to teach the preposition is one of the topics from the Year 4 English textbook which is Our Solar System.