There are several Psychological theories that could contribute a path to delinquency. They include psychodynamic theory, the attachment theory, the moral development theory and the behavioral theory just to name a few. In researching information on Eric Smith, I believe he had several underlying issues that contributed to his violent senseless crime against a helpless little boy. I feel the lack of moral development was a huge factor that caused this youth to explode.
This essay will critically analyse the killing of James Bulger from three different perspectives. It will also explain how a supposed moral society experiences such gruesome killings and worst of all it is carried out by children. Analyses of parental roles in the upbringing of the children will be discussed and what the society can do to prevent further occurrences.
The social learning theory for instance shows Manson leant deviance in his early childhood from his mother, who was incarcerated when he was five. This implicates the environmental control and that of close persons. It depicts that behavior modification can be achieved through enhancing the social environment for criminals. The social conflict theory explains that individuals engage in crime when the legal system, which is under the control of the wealthy, identifies their acts as being unlawful (Lionell & Rawlins, 2005)
Between the mid-late 1970s and the early 1980s, Dennis Nilsen began mass murdering young men in Great Britain that had at least 15 men through strangulation (Crime Investigation, 2014). In analyzing his life, many of contributions throughout his life could have influenced his criminal behaviour when committing his crimes. Many theories such as broken home hypothesis and schema therapy theory use psychological explanations that determine how the individual resulted into committing their crimes. With schema therapy theory, not only does it discuss the justification for criminal behaviour, but suggests how to reduce the relapse of criminal acts by identifying the cause or the trigger of the individual’s criminal behaviour (Vos et al., 2016). In Dennis Nilsen’s life, there are several indications such as the abandonment of his family members, the termination of a past relationship, and the reclusiveness from society that could have resulted
As societal crime rate continues to escalate, the epidemic of homicides and mass murders remains a prevalent social problem. Thus, the emergence of serial killers has caused alarm among many criminologists and psychologists. Serial killers usually have an impulsive desire to kill for no particular reason, which makes it difficult for law enforcement and criminal professionals to understand their motives. Thus, the motives of serial killers have led to heated debates and challenged the nature vs. nurture theory. Many scientists believe that serial killers are genetically incline to commit murders, while criminologists associate violent crimes to childhood and surroundings. Essentially, exploring how and why serial killers commit crimes is an important area because it will help
They are more prone to deviant activities, such as drinking or consuming drugs. Attachment to deviant peers and parents (such as drunks or drug takers) could lead to an increase in the prospect of criminal activities (i.e. the case for Aaron Hernandez). Also, “increases in adolescent behavior problems, such as substance abuse, may result in decreases in parental control and support, and not vice versa” (Siegel, 2011). These are only a few ways to question the cogency of social control theory, but these fallacies illustrate why social control theory is not the only response to crime (but it may be part of it much like rational choice and trait
Ethos is a rhetorical device authors use to establish their credibility to speak authoritatively on a topic. To strengthen their arguments, they also use logos, or logical arguments and scientific data, and pathos to create an emotional reaction in the audience. In the ERWC Juvenile Justice unit, four different authors, with four different levels of ethos, discuss whether or not juveniles who have been charged with murder should be tried as adults in the adult court system. Most argue that minors should be tried in the juvenile court system, while one demands that adolescents who massacre innocent victims spend the rest of their lives in prison. After closely reading each author’s opinion, it is clear that Lundstrom has the most ethos in
Criminal behaviour has always been an interest for psychologists, for they could never quite come to a conclusion between nature and nurture. Research concerning this topic has been organized for many years and due to the never ending debate, is still being conducted. I have decided to read and write about this myself, for I was genuinely curious about the matter and wanted to be a part of the research, as I felt responsible to do so. I believe that in order to stop something, it must be discussed and scrutinized. What effects do genes have on criminal behaviour, why do peer pressure and habitat influence a person to commit crimes and are men really more violent than women? My paper aims to discuss the three different factors of criminal behaviour, what causes it and why. My essay will examine and focus mainly on the genetic makeup of a person, the environment in which they are raised in and gender differences.
Sutherland Differential Association Theory says, “people learn how to behave by modeling themselves after others whom they have the opportunity to observe” (Tittle, Burke, and Jackson, 1986). Ronald L. Akers and Robert L Burgess Differential Reinforcement Theory, drawn from Sutherland’s theory, proclaims primary learning takes place through operant conditioning. “Criminal behavior is learned according to the principles of operant conditioning” (Burgess, Akers 1966:137). Operant behaviors can involve conditioning, shaping, stimulus control and extinction (Burgess, Akers 1966:133-134). Sutherland, Akers and Burgess theories give a correlating perspective into the Lionel Tate Case. Lionel mother was the dominating factor as a role model for the majority of his life (aside from when he was relocated to live with family in Mississippi by his mother). What she modeled, he displayed: blaming others in school for his disruptive behavior, just as the mother did when she showed up at his school numerous times blaming others, instead of correcting her son
This theory suggests that the motivation behind crime for a control theorist does not center on pressure resulting from negative affective states but rather the absence of important relationships (Hirschi 1969). With the absence of that relationship one is more prone to be involved in crime (Hirschi 1969). The absence of an important relationship in this case would apply to Aaron Hernandez and his father. Prior to his father’s death Aaron Hernandez never used nor abused any form of drugs. Aaron’s father was his world and kept him headed on the right path. An early theorist Robert Agnew also pointed out in the Strain Theory that absent relationships would lead to finding coping strategies, which Aaron Hernandez did as stated previously with regards to the Biological Theory with his usage of
Having received genetic markers for violent tendencies and aggression from his parents and lacking a supportive and caring home were contributing factors which ultimately added to the outcome of Kuklinski. It is interesting that in comparing Kuklinski’s case to the Chicago School Theories, it would appear that as a youth residing in what would appear to be a zone 2, Kuklinski’s behavior was consistent with that which was anticipated for the area; however, as he gained affluence and moved from zone 2 to that of zone 4 or 5, the outward appearance of criminal behavior diminished as predicted, although as indicated reported activities in these zones were not accurately recorded . As stated by Shaw & McKay, delinquency was the result of environmental factors associated with particular neighborhoods, and such factors within the environment affected the behavior of the delinquents, citing (1) the absence or lack of controls for delinquents; (2) The behaviors are often condoned/ sanctioned by parents or other adults in the neighborhood; (3) the readily availability of opportunities to commit such unacceptable behaviors; and (4) lack of motivation, training, or opportunity for gainful employment (Bohm & Vogel,
In the address “Vast Wasteland”, Newton Minow elaborated how television can influence the taste, knowledge, and opinions of all viewers. Minows address elaborates how “The power of instantaneous sight and sound is without precedent in mankind’s history.” (Minow), will have a tremendous amount of responsibility to go with it. Likewise, anything played on television should be to assist in making our nation better instead of advertising bad morals and inappropriate behavior.
I will be explaining through the seven elements of crime whether illegal drug use, prostitution, and gambling fit the elements (Bohm & Haley, 2011). The seven elements of the crime are harm, legality, actus reus, mens rea, causation, concurrence, and punishment.
Thesis Statement: Children, as innocents and infantile, are unconsciously doing unwanted acts that may violate our laws, therefore insufficient guidance from family, environmental factors syndicates, poverty and problem on education, which are the main rationales for their involvement on crimes should be given corresponding solution by the government.
The means of communication, as radio and television, newspapers, magazines, and the Internet, that reach or influence people widely. Sometimes, there are some violent acts appear in the show, that what we call violent media. Violent media has affected to lots of people, especially children. But not only children, sometimes, an adult can also been affected by violent media too. And violent media can make them become different with the person they are always every day.