1. INTRODUCTION Corporal punishment is a common problem all over the world (United Nations, 2008). South Africa has adopted a Human Rights constitution, ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) in 1995, and legally abolished corporal punishment in schools (Republic of South Africa, 1996, A-47; South African Schools Act, 1996). However, it is still a challenge for some South African teachers to abandon corporal punishment as a disciplinary practice. This study purports to investigate why the use of corporal punishment persists despite its abolition two decades ago, its implications, and an alternative means of disciplining students without applying it.
Adversity breaks one down until they can be broken no more, and although adversity has a negative connotation, overcoming adversity can make one stronger, turning it into a positive. When America was discovered and colonized, the indigenous peoples faced real hardships. Americans disliked anything that wasn’t European culture so they tried to eliminate tribal identities and assimilate the Native Americans into their culture. They outlawed certain Indian rituals such as the Ghost Dance and forced Indian children to speak English instead of their native languages. The constitution did not outline specific details for relations with Natives, so as America grew older, the government was left to deal with the Indians however they pleased.
Braford E. Burns began writing The Poverty of Progress as a historical essay arguing against the “modernization” of nineteenth century Latin America. Burns argues that modernization was preformed against the will of the majority and benefited a small group of Creole Elite, while causing an exponential drop in the quality of life for folk majority. Burns supports his research through a series of dichotomies. Within the first twenty years of the nineteenth century the majority of Latin America gained independence from Spain. Prior to the Latin American countries gaining independence, the Creole elites expressed great displeasure with the crown and readily equated themselves with the American colonists before gaining independence from Britain.
The traditional ideas and beliefs focusing on theory and methodology, that were implemented into their previous education system, were then modified to a practical approach, forcing their pre-existing system to slowly descend into oblivion. These western ideas concealed them from spreading their own culture, and placed their country in brief turmoil as they struggled to create a uniform education system after independence. Additionally, the true purpose of the railroads they established according to Dadabhai Naoroji, in his article, “The Benefits of British Rule for India” was to transport the raw material produced from India’s interior, rather than benefiting travel. Priyamvada Gopal also states in her article “The Story Peddled by Imperial Apologists [Defenders] is a Poisonous Fairy Tale” that during the construction of the railroads the British not only
Their interests may be different but their innate traits would still be there. Pinker also discussed that in his book, there were a variety of controversial topics. There were two that caused a vast uproar; the arts and parenting. One of the topics focused on the idea that there is a decline in the arts. He says that there is a decline in certain areas such as humanities at the University level and post-1930's elite work but not art itself.
The “Lessons from Jonestown” article from the American Psychological Association explains what happened in Jonestown, Guyana and why it happened. The members of the church wanted to leave the United States to escape racism, so they agreed to follow Jim Jones to South America. They hoped to live more peaceful, happy lives, but their lives were cut short due to a mass suicide led by Jones. Psychologists, such as Philip Zimbardo, believe that Jones’ success came partially from George Orwell’s book, “1984.” This book explained different facets of mind control and how it is executed, and there are many parallels between the examples in the book and in Jim Jones’ church. In the case of Jim Jones and Jonestown, an extremely intelligent leader played
In Keith Stanski’s Joseph Kony and the Power of the Warlord (http://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/11821/joseph-kony-and-the-power-of-the-warlord), the topic of warlords and the effects of using that term are discussed. Stanski claims that whenever the United States has named someone a warlord in the past, there were always negative endings that involved war. He believes that the Kony 2012 film will only make issues worse and that the Invisible Children organization is ignoring the real issues going on in Central Africa. While Central Africa has had many issues of its own in the past several years, the fact that Kony is still inflicting fear to many people does not help the situation at all. The article takes on the tome that America
Arguments concerning the reasons why the extreme archetypes of Islamic renunciation began to dissipate have been the subject of many scholars’ writings. Christopher Melchert in his essay “Origins and Early Sufism” contends that the increasingly growing amount of converts to Islam and their attachment to various social and economic orders led to the degradation of the extreme austerity exhibited in early Islam. He states, “It seems likely that mass conversion to Islam was a major reason for growing distrust of outward renunciation...When most people were Muslims, normal devotional life could no longer be allowed to hinder making a living” (12). Similarly, Peter Awn in his essay “The Ethical Concerns of Classical Sufism” suggests that early proto-Sufi, renunciatory conceptions of materiality and the physical world as “a rotting corpse with a dog (i.e., the devil Iblis) perched on top” began to shift to
The war on drugs pushed people into fear, and therefore manipulated law enforcement to go after people of color. Again, our media has promoted incorrect stereotypes, and the politicians lied to us through it all. All of this is the reason that The New Jim Crow exists. The last theme of The New Jim Crow is history. History is seeming to repeat itself, and Alexander (2012) explains in her book that what is going on today, is exactly what happened during the Jim Crow age.
The Cherokee Removal The Americans of European ancestry often have described Native Americans as primitive, savage, and even and uncivilized. In this this paper I will provide primary evidence that supports what the Americans believed about the Natives, along with their few false accusations. I will also discuss how the Cherokee removal affected the natives during their journey along with afterwards. Before the removal was enforced, an upper class Cherokee, son of a warrior, John Ridge gave details on the Cherokee nation and how they are changing their lifestyles because of Americans. He wrote a letter to Albert Gallatin in February of 1826 that explained subjects such as the education being provided to the natives, the roles of the men and