“The FL Consent Decree provides a structure for compliance with all the jurisprudence ensuring the rights of ELL students in Florida and equality in educational opportunities as afforded to all native-English-speaking students” (20). Non-native English speakers allow a sense of diversity in the classrooms. Diversity drives innovations, and creativity and builds on communities. The reality of community and diversity in a school environment entails that one must keep an open-mind and be willing to cooperate with others- specifically those having difficulty communicating with other students and educators because of the language barrier- and also to expand their insights on a broader scale from others indifferent to themselves rather than what they are used to encountering every day, in order to become more worldly. I completely agree with the programs that LEP students are entitled to in addition to ESOL, as they are provided to ensure equality in educational opportunities.
There are a rising number of students living in the United States that are classified as English Language Learners or ELLs. These students are not only learning grade-level content but also learning how to communicate in English. The majority (77.2 percent) come from Spanish speaking countries in Latin America. Latino ELL students are typically enrolled in schools that do not have experience serving this special population.
The parent’s perspective towards bilingual education was like the student’s opinions because both individuals felt immersion classrooms benefit the students and the parents. The father of Jason was proud his son was the first in his family to read, write, and speak in English. Jason’s father knew his son would have many career opportunities by learning English at school. Learning the English academic language was not the only proud language Jason’s father encouraged for Jason to learn but also the Spanish language as well. Jason’s father only speaks Spanish so if his son was to lose his home language, a language barrier would form between father and son.
Therefore, the laws and acts that require bilingual education for students in Texas has helped the bilingual programs established in El Paso provide conversational and academic proficiency in their schools. In fact, “the bilingual immersion program in El Paso (Texas) outperformed other transitional bilingual education programs” (Goldenberg, 2005). According to Goldenberg (2005), in El Paso 's bilingual immersion program, "all subjects are taught in English, although Spanish is used occasionally to reinforce a new concept”. El Paso 's bilingual immersion programs out preformed other bilingual programs across the U.S.-Mexican border because, it contains a “native language cognitive development component
Jane Waldfogel says that the lack of English is so important in explaining the early literacy skills to children in school. Lynn suggest to improve the quality of ECE Programs and classroom teachers through workforce development systems (20). Improving the ECE Program will benefit many disadvantage immigrant children and parents. They would benefit to be eligible for loans and grants and that would no longer be a concern to the families. (20).
My annotated bibliography consists of 4 sources related to the Child Development major. Child development degree programs appeal to students who wish to pursue careers that make a difference in the lives of children. Students learn everything about children's physical, emotional, social, and cognitive growth from infancy until adolescence, and how they develop within their surrounding social contexts. Students gain a clear understanding of social and behavioral sciences, the theories, major research findings, and research methods fundamental to the field of child development.
Spanish is the most common language that English Language Learner (ELL) students speak or understand, and is quickly becoming an important language in the United States of America (US). (López & González-Barrera, (2013). Massachusetts is home to a large and growing population of Latino ELL students (Fry, & Gonzales, 2008, Rennie Center, 2007). These students come from diverse national, socioeconomic and linguistic backgrounds. Some may be highly educated, others may have had very limited or no formal education.
These programs established the need to train teachers adequately so that they could implement the correct approaches that would support pedagogical theories and establish the materials and resources necessary to succeed. Assessment and responsibilities also had to be implemented in order to determinate the right standards, not to mention they fall in and out of favor with the social anti-immigrant sentiments that fluctuate with time and change with society. Therefor court legislation and state responsibility has to provide monitoring and oversight, with the state holding the responsibility for the curriculum and implementation. Even after all of these accomplishments the video also addresses that many states and districts do not acknowledge the presence of ESOL students expecting the students to carry the burden of change and not the schools. Peter Roos also mentions in the video the role of the community and the necessity to train parents and the community to advocate, participate and monitor the schools and file complaints of necessary.
Newton, M. (2003) “The FBI encyclopedia”. United States: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers. In World War II, the ASA worked with the FBI on a project called “Venona,” the eavesdropping on the Soviet Union and their partners. The National Security Agency was formed when Venona was separated from the U.S Army.
Being bilingual in the era of globalization opens up many doors to the world as well as opportunities to a brighter career and future. The myths and misunderstandings of bilingualism has to be corrected and in order for them to come to an end, since they were proven by scientific researchers that they were nothing more than just myths from the past. Parents, educators along with researchers play an important role in spreading the facts about bilingualism to avoid future confusion especially to many new bilingual families. Aside from that, motivation from parents is the main key for a bilingual child to learn and excel in both languages to achieve a balance in order to be successful in the future. It is also important for the parents to guide and monitor a child’s learning development.
With nations becoming increasingly connected through mediums like the internet, the world has changed substantially within the last decade. It’s a time where Spanish songs such as Luis Fonsi’s Despacito can top the American music charts, where traveling to the other side of the world takes a few hours instead of weeks, and more importantly, where states like California and Utah are continuing to promote and provide for a growing demand for bilingual education through dual-immersion programs. Although the states have great strides in the right direction, bilingual education should not be encouraged but rather be required for K-12 students. Because bilingual education integrates languages into the student’s lifestyle through instruction, it enriches the lives of children, the adults they will become, and the community to which they will contribute to.
A person who speaks more than one language is described as being bilingual. According to the United States Department of Education, “about 21% of school-age children speak a language other than English at home,” (Lowry, 2011). As Wayne Thomas and Virginia Collier describe in, “Two Languages are Better Than One,” children who come into school having a first language besides English, tend to struggle. Usually when a child struggles with a particular subject, they are taken out of the main classroom and brought somewhere for a remedial class. But according to Thomas and Collier, in order to help narrow the gap in comprehension, English learners and English speakers need to be kept together in order to be fully enriched in a successful learning