Introduction According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary (2016), one of the definitions of Language is that it is “The system of words or signs that people use to express thoughts and feelings to each other”. Therefore, language is used to express the thoughts and feelings, and vocabulary is necessary to express it. But learning the definitions of words is fundamental. Many teachers believe that an effective instructional technique is to define words before reading a text because it supports vocabulary growth and helps them comprehend what they read; however, research indicates otherwise. Teaching English vocabulary may be challenging, and it takes a challenging teacher to achieve it.
Thus, the ability in speaking skill is a crucial and important part of second language learning and teaching process. The mastery of speaking skill in the English language is a priority for many second language or foreign language students. Even though periods of focusing on language form and enhance vocabulary are important in English language learning, but developing the students’ ability to really communicate with English in the classroom are the main goal of an English language teaching. At the end of the study, the students should be able to communicate effectively in English for study, work, and leisure outside the classroom. Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students.
Impact of Culture Culture is an important factor that affects one’s perception, it greatly influences one’s behavior and shapes their personality which can have a significant impact on one’s education and the curriculum. Stating the importance of culture must be assessed when teaching English Language Learners, ELLs. The challenges for many English Language Learners are not overcoming a language barrier but also achieving academically. Orosco and O’Connor state that “ELLs bring a wealth of cultural and linguistic knowledge into the classroom, but perhaps our schooling is a complex process that often separates students’ personal learning experiences from the classroom resulting in a challenge of acquiring the skills for reading instruction”.
Students, who learn English, learn not only to comprehend audio or texts but also to produce pieces of writing to communicate and support ideas. Therefore, managing writing skills has become very important as part of the management of academic skills. Corrective feedback is considered one important tool in the writing process. For teachers providing feedback is a tough task and for students it is a constant concern as it is meant to help them improve in their productive skills. This literature considers types of feedback, efficacy measured
They also motivate the students' performance in the language; so in this case, teaching is geared largely to tests. Hughes (1996) mentioned that if a test is regarded important, preparation for it should dominate all teaching and learning activities. Otherwise, the test content and testing techniques will be at variance with objectives of the course, which will result harmful washback. Davies (1990) also mentioned that tests have great influence on teaching, which is known as washback or backwash effect, and this strong influence is usually negative. For example, for university study in one of the English speaking countries, the students should have a good command of language skills (reading, writing, listening, and speaking) in order to be able to understand the lectures in the classroom, take notes, attend classroom discussion, and read and comprehend the texts.
Language Awareness is not taught by teacher or delivered through the course books; however, it is developed internally by the learners (Tomlinson 2003). Nowadays, language awareness is commonly defined as explicit knowledge about language and it focuses on the formal correctness of language such as grammar. However, the fact is, language awareness is more than that – it is internal realization of the language use (Tomlinson 2003). In other words, every learner has implicit knowledge about language within themselves and the role of teachers is to help the learners to develop their implicit knowledge (Laoire 2014). Besides, language awareness is essential as it helps to gain insights and awaken sensitivity in child towards the way language works
I believe that understanding these principles would allow me to support my learners effectively in their attempts to speak English. Moreover, searching about my chosen principles will help me implement some of them effectively in my teaching to receive great
(Richards, 2008, p.19) For many teachers, teaching speaking is so important. Burns and Goh (2012, p. 1-2) claim that teachers do much efforts to help their students develop their speaking abilities. For them speaking skill is important because of three main reasons. First, all language learners should be able to communicate well with the foreign language speakers. Second, many students are good in reading and writing, but they have poor speaking and listening abilities.