Mia Rakić Professor Ana Gudelj Critical Reading and Writing November 16th 2014 Focusing On Stress at Work Nowadays, stress is a part of everyday life. The individuals have to face with the events that create negative emotions. Focusing on the negative reactions that are made by a stressful environment may influence the behavior of individuals. Research has shown that stress affects short-term memory. (SOURCE) Many employees in the society, such as teachers, social workers and sellers are facing stress at work by directly working with people.
The stress provided by the work environment is often reflected in the form of physical turmoil, psychological illness, and reduced social interaction. Studies on the effect of different environmental stressors on people indicate that they can impact people’s behavior, mood, cognitive function, physical health, and/or psychological well-being. Coping is an important aspect of dealing with stress. Development of coping abilities that can make a person’s personal adaptation successful is of importance as it can influence a person’s self-confidence and outlook in life. Coping for stress is either problem focused or emotion focused.
Educators can be exposed to several stresses because of their role in supporting students and their eventual exposure to the experiences of the students with crises, traumas and violence. Too much focus is on the mental health of the students. Neglected was the mental health of the personnel directly in communication with the students, particularly, the teachers. The teachers may manifest emotional exhaustion and this may lead to poor performance. Beside stresses from students, there could be other factors that impair their functions as teachers, such as: more workload, underpay, poor workplace, family matters, support from superiors and administration.
Bullying has frequently being associated with a stressful and negative working environment. Numerous work environmental and organisational factors can be considered to produce occupational stress which could possibly increase the risk of bullying or conflict among employees. A stressful working environment may result in interpersonal conflicts and peer bullying may be the outcome (Einarsen et al, 1994). Stress and frustration are also seen as causes of bullying and stress is often a result of poor organisation and management within the workplace. High levels of stress can result in managers taking out their stress on employees.
he problem within the workplace is hostility which can be toxic to the efficiency determination, and collaboration with the work environment. There has been a lot of tension with the coworkers and management staff because management has not demonstrated effective conflict resolution techniques. In the story Sheila has concerns because management has not intervened to alleviate the prevalent behavior of the hostile employee. The employee continues the rant and express outburst that disturbs the office which can be challenging when expressing emotions. According to Egan (2006) he states that managing our emotions and the way we express them is part of social intelligence.
Workplace stress and mental health are two commonly related issues. The definition of this topic is, according to (Buckley, 2016) as a harmful reaction that people have to undue pressures and demands placed on them at work. Stress in the workplace is quite common nowadays due to the loads that employer put on their worker, when the world is changing globally and competitions are getting bigger, employers usually first will force their workers to put in more effort in their jobs than rather to bring in more employees. Besides excessive workloads, the working environment can also results in workplace stress. For example bullying, sexual harassment, bad communication between staff and a lot more that can induce stress to the workers.
4. Social Consequences & effects of Workplace Bullying 4.1 What Are the Consequences of Bullying in the workplace? Workplace bullying has clear significant and adverse consequences for the employees, the organizations and society more broadly. Below, we discuss two broad categories of consequences of workplace bullying: 4.2 Human Costs Targets of workplace bullying experience significant detriments to their health and wellbeing. These individuals report increased psychological distress including anxiety, depression, negative emotions, and overt anger.
However, some factors at workplace are more likely to lead to stress than others. A person can experience work-related stress as a result of various factors. The Institute of Work, Health & Organizations, University of Nottingham, UK has classified stress related hazards at work into work content and work context as mentioned in HSE Policy for Preventing & Managing Stress in the Workplace, 2012. Work Context– Potential Hazardous Conditions: • Organizational culture: This includes factors like Poor communication, low levels of support for problem solving and personal development and lack of definition of organizational objectives. • Role in organization including Role ambiguity and role conflict; responsibility for people unclear.
Incivility in the workplace also has negative outcomes related to financial costs related to absenteeism, turnover, lost productivity, and legal actions (Laschinger et al., 2014). Incivility is low caliber deviant behavior intended to derail the target (Laschinger et al., 2014). Incivility in the workplace can escalate to violence and has damaging effects on nurses, patients, and the organization (Laschinger et al., 2014). Having a preventative approach to incivility rather than a reactionary approach can be empowering to the workplace and decreases stressful environments which in turn decreases incivility (Laschinger et al., 2014). Nursing leadership is crucial in putting forth limits and determining the work environment to prevent incivility in the workplace (Laschinger et al., 2014).
Representatives may encounter a scope of physical, mental, and behavioral outcomes as a result of employment anxiety and organizations may in turn be affected by low production quality and quantity, internal conflicts, lack of cooperation, high turnover, and costs associated with sick leave and worker disability. The majorities of studies of investigations of work site anxiety administration projects have concentrated on the usage and assessment of anxiety administration programs in individual organizations. several recent reviews have provided an overview of different types of stress management programs and their effectiveness in modifying health- and job-related outcomes such as absenteeism . The authors discovered associations with stress management programs to be more prone to offer projects that support worker prosperity, well being, and expertise improvement than those without stress management