Teacher Talk Case Study

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Analysis of differences between dominance of Teacher talk and Student

talk: A case study of Primary School, junior Secondary and Senior

Secondary in Nigeria.

Aisha Mustapha Muhammad

Lovely Professional University Punjab, India

M A English

24 th October , 2017

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Abstract

The research studies the amount of teacher and student in the primary and secondary school

in Nigerian school. So many researches have shown that teacher dominate the classroom

while teaching, the students are given or little time to communicate in the classroom which

had always affected the learning system. The action qualitative research shows that in the

lower primary school students
…show more content…
The data was collected in three classes of which is having

number of students as follow:

PRIMARY 2- 35 students

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JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL ONE (JS1) -60 students

SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL ONE (SS1): 37 students

The data were also collected in the English Language classes

Data analysis and discussion

The “IRF” model by Sinclair and Coulthard (1975) was used to analyze the amount of teacher

talk in the classroom.

The time for the lesson was 40 minutes.

SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL ONE (SS1)

IRF analysis:

Initiation Teacher: Before the definition of the phrase is given, it is important to look at some

expressions which are considered as example of phrase. Who can give example of the

expressions? Zainab can you answer the question

Response student: No Sir, I can‟t

Initiation T: Aliyu can you?

Response S: No Sir

Response S: Sir I can, the examples are

1. In the room

2. The beautiful girl

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Feedback T: good Adam

Initiation T: Phrases can be defined as a group of word (with or without a non- infinite verb) that

does not make sense and which only form part of a sentence.( He explains more with a lot of

examples), who can give more
…show more content…
DATA COLLECTION JUNIOR SECONDARY ONE(JS 1)

USING IRF (INITIATION, RESPONSE, FEEDBACK)

Initiation Teacher: topic „‟COORDINATING CONJUCTION‟‟. They are used to join

words, phrases and clauses.

Example: Yasir ,Aliyu are coming tomorrow. Who can give a word that will join the

sentence?

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Response Students :( silence)

Feedback Teacher: Yasir and Aliyu are coming tomorrow

Initiation T: The teacher solicits more

Example:” The class or the teacher”, what grammatical class is” the class” and “the

teacher”.

Response S: Adverbial

Feedback T: No, any phrase that starts with” the and a subject „‟ is a noun phrase.

Initiation T: There are seven coordinating conjunction, we minimize it into

„‟FANBOYS‟‟. (He told them the meaning of each).

Response S: (they repeat after him) “FANBOYS”

Initiation T: Give examples of sentence with coordinating conjunction, the sentence

should be a complex sentence.

Initiation T: Halima, answer the question

Response S: „‟hmm‟‟ Fatima and Hauwa are friends

Feedback T: is correct but I said a complex sentence

Initiation T: I want an example like this, “I went to the library but I didn‟t find the book‟.

Response S:

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