Young children, for example, see people around them reading newspapers, books, maps, and signs. Parents can do a lot to foster an understanding of print by talking with their preschoolers about signs in their environment and by letting their children know they enjoy reading themselves. When reading to your preschooler, you should run your index finger under the line of print. This procedure is simple and helps children begin to notice words and that words have meaning. They also gain an awareness of the conventions of reading (e.g., one reads from left to right and from the top of the page to the bottom; sentence are made up of words; and some sentences extend beyond a single line of print).
For many children reading text aloud helps to develop their skills as active listeners. Listening how the teacher reads a text demonstrates a model for fluent reading and pronunciation of unfamiliar words. Read aloud also maintains each student’s participation and focusing on how the reading process works. Reading aloud allows students not only to understand the plot of the story, but also catch the meaning beyond the text. Reading aloud motivates students to read and provides many benefits in building vocabulary, learning the reading process in a meaningful context, modeling fluency, and simply practice how to think-aloud.
It is important that students receive instruction in both language English and Spanish to improve their academic knowledge at school. This program is successful for children because it is important learn two or more language in their life. Dual-language is the wonderful opportunity for children could communicate with other children and will have the opportunity to learn different cultures. Dual Language is a program to benefit the student to have very good communication with others students at school or when they visit their relatives in their parents country. In my opinion, it is a wonderful program because the children have the opportunity to learn both languages at the same time at the early age.
Critical thinking is relevant in a few different aspects of life. For example, critical thinking can be applied to school and learning. There are people who support using different aspects of critical thinking in students curriculum. Laura Hummell said, "Critical thinking skill development is crucial in elementary schools. Students who are allowed to explore, empathize, question, hypothesize, conceptualize, experiment, and evaluate throughout their own learning become productive community members" (Hummell 5).
“Phonemic awareness is also nurtured in spontaneous ways by providing children with language-rich environments and emphasizing wordplay as teachers read book aloud and engage children in singing songs, chanting poems, and telling riddles” (Tompkins, p.115). I learned that most teachers begin with consonants and then vowels to teach C-V-C pattern words. There are 8 useful rules for phonics that are two sounds of c, two sounds of g, CVC pattern, Final e or CVCe pattern, CV pattern,
Also, illustration in picture books is contributing to the development of the child. In addition, help them to stimulate his imagination, development his abilities and the discovery of his identity and knowledge of cultural heritage. Also, help them to link concepts with words. As well as, illustration is not the decoration of the text, but enhances the story, emotions and context in which it encourages the child to return to different images repeatedly. Subsequently, notes new things such as, reading emotions, the characters, interactions and secondary plots in pictures.
In literacy, children need to be exposed properly. According to Fisher, Flood, & Lapp, (1999) that good storytelling can help children to challenge their intellect, can well imagine, helping them to know the world and teach them to love reading. When the teacher read the story, it can help children develop their bond or relationship with books. This can help children to be imaginative, to use the language well and form good intellectual (Cullinan, 1987, p.6). After the teacher finished telling stories to children, usually the children will take the book to be explored.
It also helps to measure the teachers teaching as both are actively involved in the process. Assessment can be summative or formative. Formative assessment starts from gauging the prior knowledge of the learner to the mid plenary and the differentiated task done by the students. Group and pair discussions, Self and peer marking done by the students, a detailed analysis of the students work or a simple answer given by the learner during the lesson. Taking learner feedback helps teachers to identify individual or group needs of learning.
Introduction: Reading is beneficial in acquiring language, according to Harmer, “ The more you read, the better you get at it” (Harmmer, 2007). This means reading is a significant skill that students should practice in daily life because it will support them in being more intelligent by having a lot of input, improve their language and construct their vocabulary as well as it will help them in their careers (Harmmer, 2007). Teachers should consider reading as an important skill and try to scaffold students in simple and fun way to make students feel interested to learn. In this paper I am going to analyze my MST`s reading lesson that I observed during my teaching practice to see what worked with her students and what did not work as well
They also teach “students the basic educational skills they need to succeed academically” (“Elementary School Teacher” Occupational 1). Another responsibility is providing students with a variety of different learning experiences. They “encourage students intellectual growth by preparing, presenting, and explaining information on a level that the kids can understand” (Cassedy 1). Reinforcing appropriate communication, social skills, self-control, cultural diversity, drug prevention, sharing, and responsibility are also in the description.
Our Something from Nothing Unit was designed to help students acquire positive attitudes towards reading and books. Our goal was to make the unit as enjoyable for students as possible, while ensuring they are working towards mastery of the expectations from the Language Arts and Social Studies curriculum. With the goal of student enjoyment in mind, we chose the book Something from Nothing because we found that many students love this story and can relate to, Joseph, the boy whose belongings are wearing out over time. We began the unit by doing a read-aloud.
These books are very valuable to children because that’s where they get their questions answered. These books are, also, the main source that give them knowledge and make their thinking grew and become stronger as they gain more information about different things in their lives and in the world they live in. When reading
Developing children’s language and literacy through modelling reading books aloud, or one on one discussion’s not only encourages conversations and collaborative thinking but also helps children gain a deeper understanding by being able to listen and absorb the language being used around them. Allowing children to be actively engaged with a book such as retelling a story though dramatisation or inviting children to play with objects related to concepts or characters in the book (Wasik & Bond, 2001) increases a child’s comprehension and language development. Early childhood settings base their pedagogy and practice around a play based program, I believe that children learn through hands on experiences as they experiment with the trial and error of their actions. John Dewey’s (1897) philosophy of progressive education redirected today’s early childhood education as it emphasizes the need to learn by doing, as he believed that human beings learn through a ‘hands on’ approach. Children must be able to interact and explore with their environment in order for them to adapt and learn, by creating a child-centred approach in an early childhood setting this allows for the child’s needs and interests to be catered for.