Some scholars working in the field found no significant relationship between demographic factors like age or experience and the level of teaching stress experienced by instructors. For instance, Kyriacou and Sutcliffe (1979) in a study of 218 teachers from mixed comprehensive schools in England found no significant correlation between level of stress and age, length of experience and position held in school. Nevertheless, many others (Powell & Ferraro, 1960; Klassen and Chiu, 2010; Ameen, Guffey and Jackson, 2010) argue that personal and environmental factors contribute to the level of stress perceived by teachers. For example, married teachers face huge amounts of responsibility and take the burden of keeping a balance between their job and family affairs. The situation becomes even tenser when children are involved, especially the ones who are dependent on parental resources like financial and emotional care.
This type of organizational change can cause companies to downsize and/or lay-off employees to cut costs (Lussier & Achua, 2015) which causes leadership and employees tremendous stress. Additionally, stressful organizational situations have a large negative impact particularly in situations that involve punishment and lack of rewards (Selart, & Johansen, 2011). Stress can cause decision makers to cut corners, become more prone to incidents, abuse, and deception (Selart, & Johansen, 2011). Several studies have connected stress to memory loss due to an increase in cortisol production. Moreover, employees can often respond to stress in a negative manner, and stress is known to lead to unethical decision making (Selart, & Johansen, 2011).
Chesley (2005) found that technology use can cause decrease in quality of life, increase work boundaries, and cause negative spill over and distress. The areas that will be examined for possible negative effects are stress, life satisfaction and job satisfaction. Job Stress With the work world rapidly changing, employees are becoming more concern with their work life balance (Shivananda & Ashok, 2012). A study done by Shivananda, and Ashok (2012) found that there was a negative relationship between work life balance and stress level. This would mean that those who have a low level of work life balance would experience high levels of stress and vice versa.
Moreover the employer feel stress when the manager give him demands greater than his ability to cope .on the other hand , the employer can get stress by few demands . as human the employer will become bored and feel undervalued and lack work .In this essay I will outline the causes , effect and solutions. There are many causes of stress. The job itself can be the first cause. Partially, we can understand that there are some jobs difficult and more serious than others.
The world offers a force; a thug of war between pressure and respite, expectation and acceptance. This push and pull is experienced once a person becomes part of the general population. The day he first took up space and breathe, is the beginning of life of both magic and chaos. According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, stress is defined as a state of mental tension and worry caused by problems in life, work or even in school that could make someone nervous leading to anxiety and depression. While based on Khonsky and Hoe (2003), stress comes from the inability of a person to meet the certain expectations of life.
Stress refers to a dynamic interaction between the individual and the environment. In this interaction, demands, limitations and opportunities related to work may be perceived as threatening to surpass the individual's resources and skills. Stress is any physical or psychological stimulus that disturbs the adaptive state and provoked a coping response The increasing interest in stress research is probably because we live in a world that includes many stressful circumstances and stress has been a global phenomenon. It has become an integral part of life and is said to be the price we all pay for the struggle to stay alive. According to the American Academy of Family physicians, two- thirds of visits to family doctors
Addressing the above gaps therefore particularly important given that service sector is typically associated with a high level of service failure (Miller et al., 2000; Yoo et al., 2006), frequent exposure to customer complaints (Wildes, 2007), limited job control and low decision latitude unaccounted extra work load and other work characteristics, which make these employees highly susceptible to elevated levels of occupational stress leading to cultural issues. Many OS models have been used to demonstrate that stressors at work load to negative physical, psychological and behavioural changes (Kahn and Byosiere, 1992). According to the transactional model of stress (Lazarus and Folkman, 1984), the process of stress depends on the person’s appraisal of the situation. Therefore, individual differences variables that might relate to perceptions should be given more attention in occupational stress
Stress is not something to be taken lightly, and it is an important topic especially for students. More and more people are getting stressed as schools provide more workload especially since the curriculum is getting more advanced. A survey reports 10-30% higher stress levels in the 2000s than in 1983, increasing 18% for women and 24% for men. Furthermore, a recent study shows that people experience stress at levels higher than what they think is healthy, causing stress to compromise a person’s health. There are various reasons students often tend to get stressed, and these affect their overall health There are several causes of stress that are common among students.
Peers that will cause stress which is where a friend is often disturb them, especially when they want to repeat their experiments cannot concentrate on learning. College environment uncomfortable as damage chairs, aircond the noise outside the classroom also causes stress. Many other sources that would cause stress among students Stress also has two types of negative and positive stress. Negative stress is the stress that will be bad for us, such as depression. According Campbell and svenson (1992) when viewed from the negative aspects of stress or stress is too high it can negatively impact the health and academic performance.
Most of the staff reported that error is of important but was not handled well within the Emirates Group as it is difficult to discuss as much fear they might lose their jobs or sent back to training if they did any errors. Barriers to discussing human factors are of important so questionnaires have been used to measure attitudes towards stress, fatigue since many seem to deny the effect of fatigue and stress on performance. Looking at cultural diversity the differing perceptions of senior to junior also affects the input of reporting safety issues as fear is instilled in the most junior staff. The results obtained will benefit leaders as well as followers since leading groups effectively is a tremendous challenge and a serious responsibility in the aviation industry. Communication holds a very important role in the aviation industry and each and every individual does contribute to make it a safe environment for everyone else.