“There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance”. Socrates stated that people will instinctively do what is good, if they know what is right - stating that morality is only effective if society is enlightened through knowledge. Which raises further questions such as “what is knowledge, how do we know what we know, are we justified in knowing what we know?” Plato and Aristotle dedicated a lot of their time to a field of Philosophy: Epistemology. Epistemology is the theory of knowledge. It tackles issues of production of knowledge and scepticism.
Seeing as how it has been used through the ages to this very day, it helped him prove the superiority of his own point of view while exploiting the weakness in his opponent’s point. A typical Socratic elenchus is a cross-examination of a couple of things position, proposition, or definition, after which Socrates tests what his opponent or interlocutor says then refutes it. Socrates usually begins the argument by a simple question of, “what is it”? When taking a deeper look at the Socratic method one understands that Socrates is not only interested in the topic at hand but also the mind set and mentality of the interlocutor. From this we conclude that Socrates is as interested in refuting the topic at hand as he is in the refinement and improvement of the interlocutor’s own mind set.
However, the most influence of theory does not mean it is right unless we accept and let it be. Beauty is an abstract concept which mean there is no certain define meaning of it. Maybe there is a theory of beauty accepted by society but it also may gradually rejected by people after they have their own define of beauty. Beauty will be what you decide it is, it depend on personal believe. Besides, attractive of beauty is a chemical reaction in our brain.
As Confucius once stated, “Everything has beauty, but not everyone sees it”. We can find beauty in everything, in the eyes of the person we love, in the ways that nature works its magic or in the magnificence of a landscape. Although, when it comes to people, we are always asking ourselves if it is more important to consider their inner or outer beauty; nowadays, that choice seems to be inevitable. However, beauty is a powerful and wonderful force; hence, it cannot be confined in just one of those two. What Confucius meant is that beauty is a subjective matter, what is alluring to an individual could be irrelevant to another.
His ignorance was very helpful, giving him an immense advantage when paired with the Socratic method. With the Socratic method being a philosophical question and answer form of style, the ignorance Socrates perceived to have helped him to avoid any strife that his subjects could possibly give to him. Given that Socrates gave none of his subjects any
People might value their internal beauty more than their physical beauty but, because it is according to their own distinctive principles, they exclude and fail to acknowledge other perceptions of the concept. People judge each other falsely because beauty is subjective. People judge each other according to their own definitions of the concept and so are oblivious to the other contributors that create a person’s character. This invalidates other people’s perceptions of beauty because they feel underrepresented especially if only one aspect of beauty is widely
Gene Bliemeister Philosophy 252 Test # 3 Multiple choice Question 1 b. Brian gets no pleasure out of babysitting his little brother. Nevertheless, thinking about the fact that he’s doing so gives him some pleasure since he knows it’s the right thing to do Rational Brain is receiving pleasure from knowing and believing that babysitting his younger is the right thing to do. Furthermore, he is not receiving pleasure for the act of babysitting his brother. Question 2 a. Alexa is disposed towards acting justly towards all, temperately (when it comes to most pleasures), and simply (owing to the limits of her physical and psychical composition) Rational Alexa has the best disposition for happiness according to Epicurus due to the fact that she understands that she has limits. But is constantly working on herself to be more justly towards all which shows she is has virtue (perfection of the functions of our human nature).
Critique of the Epicurus’ theory of the most valuable pleasure The goal of this essay is to provide an argument against possibility of Epicurus’ attempt to determine the most valuable pleasures. Through the analysis of the key concepts and their relation in Epicurus’ theory I will try to show that his concept of pleasure does not take into account basic human psychology and that this oversight leads to faulty generalization about human nature. I will argue that it is not possible to identify the most valuable pleasure due to diversity of our personalities. In order to understand Epicurus’ pursuit for the most valuable pleasure it is necessary to explain the notions of pleasure and desires. Pleasure is defined negatively as absence of physical pain and mental distress .
Eisele in his article ‘Must Virtue Be Taught?’ he states that indeed it can because even though the main theory is that virtue is knowledge and that it may be taught, there is no one to fully comprehend and define what virtue is and share the understanding of it with others. Eisle presents an insightful new theory that Socrates knows what virtue is and how to teach it because he is the best example of it. With virtue being equivalent to excellence, Eisle argues that Socrates ‘performs excellence in his incessant questioning and questing’ (Eisle, 1987:
The term “Nicomachean” was used because it is believed that this text was either dedicated to or edited by son of Aristotle named Nicomachus. Aristotle tends to analyze current stature and future prospective, and according to that has given us certain practical philosophical ethics to make our life much surrounded by peace. Nicomachean Ethics and other work Politics are quite in relation as both deliver the message of creating good living. Ethics is more individualistic leveled while Politics aims at good living of whole