Abstract — Brain magnetic resonance (MR) segmentation algorithms are critical to analyze tissues and diagnose edema and tumor in a quantitative way. The primary aim of brain image segmentation is to partition a given brain image into different regions representing anatomical structures. In this paper, we present a new effective segmentation algorithm that segments brain MR images into tumor, edema, white matter (WM), gray matter (GM), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The detection of the healthy tissues and the diseased tissues are performed for examining the change caused by the spread of tumor and edema on healthy tissues is very important for treatment planning. We developed an algorithm for skull stripping before the segmentation process.
Quantitative research has improved the overall delivery of health services, helped healthcare managers improve their facilities, and helped healthcare professionals learned more about diseases and other health-related issues. For example, quantitative research studies are needed in epidemiological investigations, in which Nursing participates, but can still explore much more, both in the diversity of epidemiology projects, allowing the identification of the most vulnerable groups of the population, risk factors (Nery, 2017). In this case, Quantitative research is used to collect different data to get the results of the epidemiological investigations
Clinical decision support system (CDSS)is a system that assist in compiling patient -specific information with a list of possible prognosis, treatments, drug interactions , as well as reminders for the patient’s care all while giving the clinicians a database to input new information in knowledge-base for the specific patient. CDS has a number of important benefits such as Increased quality of care and enhanced health outcomes, Avoidance of errors and adverse events, Improved efficiency, cost-benefit, and provider and patient satisfaction. The summary for first study antibiotic resistance is now a major issue confronting healthcare providers and their patients because if we do not use antibiotics carefully, they will lose their efficacy.
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION In medical science, imaging technology plays an important role in the diagnosis of the disease . It helps the doctor to see the interior part or portion of the body with ease which results in easy diagnosis i.e. doctor can make effective surgeries which is crucial for the diagnosis of disease and doctor can look inside easily without opening or closing too much part of the body. In the medical imaging there are different kind of alternates through which images are taken and that are and images are taken with the help of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), CT- scanners , X-Ray imaging, Endoscopy etc. We take the advantages of these medical imaging techniques in order to detect the abnormalities and the diseases.
The fact that the cells may come from embryos is not an objection, because the embryos are going to die anyway.” (Stephen Hawking) There are multiple pros and cons to stem cell research. Some pros might be the innovative idea about stem cell research which is primarily due to the medical benefits in areas of regenerative medicine and therapeutic cloning. Stem cells provide huge potential for finding treatments and cures to a vast array of diseases including different cancers, diabetes, spinal cord injuries, Alzheimer's, MS, Huntington's, Parkinson's and more. There is endless potential for scientists to learn about human growth and cell development from studying stem cells. Some cons might be that the stem cells primarily come from terminated pregnancy.
Technology is necessary in medicine. The legacy of technology in the medical field is simple: more lives are saved with better methods. As professor Ralph Merle of Communications college of arts and sciences says “ If we can reduce the cost and improve the quality of medical technology through advances in nanotechnology, we can more widely address the medical conditions that are prevalent and reduce the level of human suffering.” However, many people believe that technology is bad for our health including the eyes. The problem with this belief is that it has caused a misunderstanding in the benefits of technology as there is a potential to improve eyesight using them. On the article “UR Technology to Enhance Eyesight Approved by FDA” by the
Grounds breaking scientific advances require complex and rigorous testing and investigation in laboratories and clinics. It is through research that we get all the possible answers about the safety and effectiveness of a new drug or a new therapy. Clinical trials are a branch from the research that helps answering the question about safety and benefits of a new intervention. Clinical trials should have more support from the government and the society since its main focus is to improve human health and his well-being leading eventually to the progress of the medical field and the economy of the country. When it comes to researches involving human subjects, grisly thoughts comes to mind remembering the unethical handling of human subjects participating
Drugs Abuse Introduction In this Digital Age, we have undoubtedly moved into an era where the fields of medical research play one of the most important roles in maintaining the balance of the world today. Mankind had successfully created a huge number of drugs to aid in medicinal fields. A drug is a chemical that influences biological function other than providing nutrition or dehydration which may come from plants and laboratories (Kleiman, Caulkins & Hawken, 2011) However, problems arise when these drugs are intentionally abused to satisfy unjust desires. A drug’s effect can be benign or harmful, often depending on the dose. According to Simon Wills (2005), whether we approve of drug abuse wholly, selectively or not at all, it has been in
Then we develop theories and try to justify the reason these abnormalities occur on the skin. This technique which is studying, identifying and developing theories is used in every branch medicine and has a great importance in science when developing new theories, such as: the cell
It is able to detect blood flow through vessels. It is time saving to do the ultrasound exams and painless. Breast cancer and tumor can also be treated using ultrasound. There are many cases where ultrasound successfully treat the disease as well. Nevertheless, there are some cases where ultrasound depend heavily on operator action.
Participation in the MD Anderson 1st Year Medical Student Program would provide a research based experience that would catalyze my goals for the future. Investigations with results that could prove practical towards my patients at the bedside are of great interest to me. This has sparked my attention towards translational medicine as a promising area of investigation. I believe the field of radiomics in particular has tremendous potential for clinical applications in direct patient care, especially in the field of oncology. Radiomics lies at the juncture of what I believe to be extremely exciting science in the coming future of personalized medicine.
In The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, Rebecca Skloot presents study cases, such as the study of vaccines and the polio vaccine to prove that HeLa cells have benefitted science for the greater good. The benefits of HeLa cells are shown when the Polio and HPV vaccine is talked about. The polio vaccine benefitted the human race by saving lives and impacted science by progressing further studies. Further studies included the HPV vaccine which gave scientists a vast knowledge on how cancer forms and how it is inserts insert into DNA. It is later proven that the study of Virology is the cause of scientists advanced experimentation with cancer and expanded their boarders with the topic.
How multi-disciplinary strategy working can improve the provision of health services with cervical cancer? Improving outcomes for people with cervical cancer is not just about higher survival rates. It is also about improving patients ' experience of care and the quality of life for cancer survivors. As cancer, treatments are often complex, hospitals use multidisciplinary teams to treat cervical cancer and tailor the treatment programme to the individual. Multi-disciplinary teams are made up of a number of different specialists who work together to make decisions about the best way to proceed with your treatment.
Lastly, vitamin D deficiency has been linked to the recurrence of breast cancer in other parts of a woman 's body. Advancements in prostate cancer include new research in gene changes that will help understand how the cancer develops. Some hereditary genes that have specific components of the DNA have been found to actually increase the risk of cancer in men. Many scientists have discovered that substances in some foods aid in lowering the risk of contracting the cancer. Lastly, a new treatment made is high intensity focused ultrasound or HIFU, which is used to kill cancer cells in early stages by using high focus ultrasonic
The advantage of legislation such as HITECH Act, FDASIA, HIPPA, and ACA are a step to transform health care. This is done by enhancing privacy and security of patient data, provide better health care in expanding all aspects of patient care, including safety, effectiveness, communication, and education. Another advantage of the legislation is to improve efficiencies and lower health care costs by promoting devices for preventive medicine and improving coordination of medical services. The disadvantage of legislations in place for EHR is the increase in vulnerability for HIPPA and HITECH Act violations. EHRs enables physicians to access patient information anywhere from devices such as smartphones, laptops, and tablets.