Many of these provide a basis for pay, promotion, and disciplinary action. The performance appraisal information is essential for employee development, since knowledge of results (feedback) is necessary to motivate and guide performance improvements (El-Ghalayini, 2013). The aim of managing organisational performance is to increase organisational effectiveness by obtaining better performance from people by getting them to work well together. Organisational effectiveness can also be helped by improving organisational processes (such as the formulation and implementation of strategy and the achievement of high quality customer service), and facilitating the management of change (Armstrong 2010). In performance appraisals, competencies are used to ensure that performance reviews do not simply focus on outcomes, but also consider the behavioural aspects of how the work is carried out (which determines those outcomes).
But, it is increasing the cost of infrastructure for the educational institutes. It is quite impossible for the public sector undertakings of undeveloped and poor countries. The ‘geographical center-periphery divide’ in education is being replaced by ‘digital divide’ between those who are capable to have access with ICT and those who cannot afford to implement ICT
Technology is the technical means people use to improve their surroundings environment. it is also a knowledge of using tool and machines to do task efficiently. The role and impact of technology in our life and understanding how people shape technology and how technology shapes people s’ interaction with each other and they use technology to improve their ability to do work .through technology, people can communicate with each other in all over the word . Nowadays Technology we use technology to control the world in which we life because from technology we use knowledge, tools and system to make our life easier. So, it is one of the most important things in our life because it makes our life easier and more comfortable.
In addition there are significant costs attached to providing equitable access, training and support. However, the fact is that ICT is producing a major change in both the content and the processes of learning, such that we do not have the option of ignoring it. . ICT has a central role to play in this primarily because it is having such a profound effect on both the content and processes of learning: the move away from learning facts, the need for elearning skills and attitudes, the importance of student-centred learning and the opportunities for collaborative and interactive learning. Pre-service
5). The first argument is the preparation of students for working life in a society that is increasingly IT oriented. However, due to the rapid change in IT, the equipment and software that today 's school student’s use would be quite different from those they will use when they enter the work force! The second argument asserts that the use of IT in education will introduce students and teachers to a new paradigm of learning where information literacy, problem solving and knowledge transfer are valued far more than the knowledge itself. I believe the second argument to be more acceptable to educational practitioners.
First of all, improving quality of workforce is the program that can help improving the quality of work. Mostly, training is conducted in a certain area such as marketing, finance or HR, which eventually help in improving quality of work in that specific area. Next purpose is to enhance employee growth by attending training and development program, employees are able to master their duty of jobs and develop themselves in a professional way. Preventing obsolescence is also one of the effective programs. This helps employees to keep themselves up to date with new trends in latest technology that will reduce the chances of
The need to focus on children’s understanding of Science concepts in sequential manner is based on a variety of advantages. First of all, it is the growing understanding of children’s early thinking and learning. Since Science aids sequential learning, children develop certain skills and attitudes for learning. They realized that they need to use scientific information to make choices that arise on a daily basis, and need to involve themselves in debates about important issues that are
With that advent of the information age, we should now focus on how to value and utilize the information that is made available to us to unite the people and not to make it divided even more. We should therefore use our newfound knowledge in order to make the world a better place. As Kofi Annan once said, “Knowledge is power. Information is liberating. Education is the premise of progress, in every society, in every
With the dawn of 21st century, technology replaced traditional facets of our lives. It changed the method of communication, changes the phenomena of mobility and had a great influence on reducing the round world to flat world (Purohit, Bhatia & Arumugam, n.d). The revelation of developing technologies leaves a significant impact on educational development (Isamail, Bokhare, Azizan & Azman, n.d). Some people think that technology is the solution of any problem but this not true in term of education. There is no best tool which is considered to cure the problems in education.