Drug Addiction Zaid Tabaza 8’5 Figure 1: Drug Addiction Key Concept: Relationships Related Concept: Consequences, Environment Balance. Global Context: Identities and Relationships Addiction is the state of overdependence on a certain substance. Drug addiction, caused by social, environmental, and genetic factors, has become a global problem with serious implications on those affected, their societies, and the economy. Main causes of addiction shown in Figure 1 include the overuse of cigarettes, alcohol or drugs.
But some of them cannot control their cravings and desires and end up using the substance oftenly. This is basically considered substance abuse. The statistics of teen substance abuse are shocking: Teenage Drug Addiction: About 1.1 million teens who are 12 – 17 years old are addicted to drugs of some or the other nature, and require drug rehab. Teenage Alcoholism: More than 1 million teens from the ages of 12 – 17 years old are considered to be alcohol dependent and require alcohol addiction treatment.
Drug Addiction : Treatment or Punishment? When a person takes a drug the chemicals affect the brain by interfering with how the neurons send messages. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the structure of Marijuana and Heroin mimic a natural neurotransmitter which tricks the receptors into allowing the drug to activate neurons inside the brain which interferes with messages and leads to abnormalities of behavior. With other drugs such as cocaine there is an abnormally large amount of neurotransmitters released which disrupts communication channels.
The first multiple times a person uses drugs it’s their choice. When someone continuously uses drugs the chemical balance in their brain changes. Prolonged drug use will lead to addiction. Drug addiction is classified as a chronic brain disease that causes a person to compulsively see out drugs, despite the harm they cause while doing so. Addicts often relapse due to the fact that the chemical changes made in the brain, are lasting ones.
In addition, 10 percent of young people aged 15-15 said that they had got in trouble with the police as a result of drinking.” Secondly, car crashes risks are also related to alcohol. The driving skills of young people are affected by alcohol. Every year around 1900 people aged below 21 who die as a result of car crashes that involve underage drinking. Furthermore, sexual behaviour is affected by
In her article “Teen Drinking May Cause Irreversible Brain Damage,” author Michelle Trudeau states alcohol results in irreversible brain changes that can impact decision making, personality, memory, and learning. Alcohol first affects the prefrontal cortex, which is responsible for rational thinking, judgment, and decision making.
Drug abuse also affects education in a bad way because learners are taught about how drugs affect their bodies, families and society around them. Even though learners receive this education about drugs they choose to turn a blind eye on this because they still go ahead and do drugs and once they become addicted to these drugs they end up dropping out of school. Education is negatively affected by drug abuse because the percentage of learners who abuse drugs increases as time goes by which means the percentage of school drop outs will also increase as time goes by meaning that education about drugs is pointless to the
Some people think education and imprisonment does not reduce the use of drugs, so they suggest the legalization of drugs. I don't agree with this view. Now there are many new drugs, the medicinal properties of these drugs may be lower than the previous drug, but still great harm to human body. More teenagers try drugs, for the development of society and human health, so drugs must be banned.
Adolescents cannot control their impulses resulting in juveniles acting out in verbal and physical violence. “Adolescent depression can also create anger and hostility, which “increases the likelihood that [depressed youth] with provoke angry responses from other youth (and adults)” and “increase[s] the risk of altercations with other youth (Tandy, 2012).” Expressing their violent behavior outward often leads to lengthening their stay in solitary resulting in perceptual disturbances. According to Shalev (2008), isolation can affect hypersensitivity to noise and smells and cause hallucinations. Juveniles have reported seeing people appear in their cells as well as, hearing voices in their head (when no one is speaking).
Of the estimated 20.8 million people aged 12 or older influenced by drugs. “Most had some form of a substance abuse disorder in the past year, including 7.7 million people with an illicit drug use disorder and 15.7 million with an alcohol use disorder.”(How Many People) But how can we defeat such a massive problem? The drug epidemic is something that affects us all, everyone knows someone who is at the mercy of drugs.
During adolescence, a great number of changes appear in the body, including hormonal changes and the development of the brain. So, those teenagers who consume alcohol have problems with emotional regulation, planning, and organization. In one study, Brown and her colleagues evaluated the effects of alcohol on the short-term memory of teenagers (15-16 years old). According to the conclusions, “The alcohol–dependent youth had greater difficulty remembering words and simple geometric designs after a 10–minute interval” (Brown et al.). Besides memory and concentration problems, underage drinkers face growth and endocrine problems.
Drug use impacts perception, a skill adolescent brains are actively trying to cultivate, and can fracture developing neural pathways. Additionally, as our brains are becoming hardwired during adolescence, the pathways being reinforced are the ones that stick. If those pathways include addiction, the impact may lead to life-long challenges. As the epidemic of teen non-medical prescription use and abuse increases, we as a nation need to consider solutions that will insure that our children have a future, redoubling our efforts to modernize strategies that will confront the public health problems we are facing pertaining to our youth. Specific strategies that address the facets of teen life such as peer pressure, decision making, and academic progress, how they spend their free time and choosing friends.
In Tennessee, the number one abused substance is prescription opioids, and drug-related crimes have increased 33% in the last ten years. Opioid overdoses affect everyone, and the cost to society is huge. “In the United States, prescription opioid abuse costs were about $55.7 billion in 2007. Of this amount,
The fact that Alabama sits at the top of the list intensifies demand for our program. The abundance of people on opioid medications for pain management in Alabama is a harsh reality. Education is of paramount importance when dealing with opioid medications. Many people can become addicted and even lead to an overdose without proper counseling and education on these medications that have high tendencies for addiction. In 2015, 736 people died of drug overdoses in Alabama, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a 3.3 percent increase over the previous year.
Drinking extremely large amounts of alcohol can cause problems for that person and the people around them. Alcohol plays a big part by influencing people minds. If adolescents drink alcohol, then it can cause problems for their actions. For example, on New Year’s Eve in the year 2013, a teenager was punched and gravely injured by another adolescent who ingested to much alcohol.