Becoming an addict can change that. Doctors have stated that children are more likely to become heroin addicts today than they were in the past. Dr. Venkata Jonnalagadda is the medical director at Eastpointe Managed Care Organization, which is located in Greenville. She has stated that 12 is what she considers early contact for drugs. She has also stated that she has seen patients as young as eight become addicted to heroin.
The 2012 National Football League (NFL) season can serve as an example after the record for most drug suspensions was broken, players failing tests for Adderall accounted for one-third of all suspensions that year (cite). As previously mentioned, Richwood Pharmaceuticals sold it initially as a treatment for ADHD and narcolepsy. ADHD diagnoses are increasing at an alarming rate. As of 2011, 11 percent of people ages 4-17 were thought to have the disorder (cite). The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recently released analytics that suggest ADD cases are also on the rise, attention deficit disorder is the non-hyperactive form of the disorder.
While, the medium house household was about $41,000 majority of teens who excessively drank was above the poverty level. In addition, $750 million in hospitalization each year and over 1 billion U.S dollars in accident related alcohol use. To put things in perspective 1 out of every 4 underage drinker has a DUI and whites have a much higher rate of accident related fatalities than hispanic and blacks. $505 million have been the result of assault regarding underage drinking and of that amount $416 million were due to domestic violence. However, majority of the $200 billion in underage drinking stems from loss of work or school
Substance Abuse and the Elderly Shayla Henderson-Young, B.S.N., RN, CCMC, MAJ ANC Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, MD Epidemiology The increasing prevalence of substance abuse amongst the older adult (geriatric) population is cause for concern (Wu & Blazer, 2011). There are over 700 million adults ages 60 and above worldwide (Wang et al., 2013). According to (Ortman, Velkoff, & Hogan (2014), in 2012 there were approximately 43.1 million adults over the age of 65 and estimated to double 83.7 million by 2050. The shift in demographics is largely due to the progressive decline in procreation while life expectancy has increased. Advancements in health care have increased the life expectancy, of the aging baby boomer generation.
In a span of seventeen years, from 1980 to 1997, the number of the incarcerated individuals imprisoned due to non-violent drug offenses increased from forty thousand to five hundred thousand (Drugpolicy.org, n.d.). At the start of the decade only 2% of Americans viewed drugs in America as a major issue, but after only nine years, that number grew to an astonishing 64%. The media and politicians contributed to this meteoric rise in such a short time. Television networks and news programs began to cover the negative side effects of drugs that were ignored during the two previous free living decades. Politicians viewed the “War on Drugs” as an opportunity to strengthen their name recognition since the majority of drug related legislature became front page news.
This country reliance on prescription drugs for pleasure, depression, and medical relief are the most common reasons people use them. Pleasure is one of the main reasons for drug use in America. Drugs are used daily by all different age groups. Some of the more common drugs easily acquired and used most often are marijuana,alcohol, cigarettes, and heroin. Among the younger users, marijuana,
“The University of Michigan study estimates that one baby is born addicted to some sort of opiate every hour in the U.S. and that 13,539 babies are born with NAS [Neo-Natal Abstinence Syndrome] each year.” (www.narconon.com). NAS is a condition that results when mothers use opiate based painkillers or other sorts of opiates during pregnancy and the child becomes addicted in utero, is born. Babies are innocent victims of addiction. The effects these babies have to suffer through can follow them throughout their lives. There is a series of substances a baby can be born addicted to, such as heroin, marijuana, methamphetamine, and cocaine.
Post secondary criminology degree programs review the need for intervention at a young age, and that in order to hinder juvenile crime, its causes must first be understood. The legal system, however, disagrees. This situation is chiefly dangerous because teens who abuse limitation drugs may do as they involved. There are many constituents that contribute to juvenile felony, terminate, but not limited to, poor training, low multitude attendants, noble impression, damage socioeconomic condition, and firmness abuse. In a recent of nearly 1000 teenagers, only 10% said that they had not been control by peer pressure.
In my research, I’ve found that there happen to be more pros than cons to the act. With there being a lengthy list of them, I’ve dissected the list to two vital pros. One of those pros is that The Affordable Care Act helps to prevent illness among the youth in America through many law revisions. The Affordable Act allows youth to remain under their parent 's’ health insurance until the age of 26. Because of the Affordable Care Act, the percentage of uninsured youths fell from 48% in 2010 to 21% in 2012 and continues to drop to this day.
There are 21 million illicit drug users in America, and every year 1,700 adolescents die because of alcohol-related incidents. Last year, 4 million young Americans ages 12 and older received treatment for alcohol or illicit drugs. Millions more didn’t seek help. Forty-one percent of 12th graders report alcohol consumption in the previous 30 days. The types of prescription medications most commonly abused by people are painkillers (such as Vicodin and OxyContin),
In comparison, 38.6% of male and 21.9% of female Caucasian youth abused alcohol. Marijuana use among Aboriginal youth was also higher. In the same study, 47.5% of male and 48.5% of female Aboriginal youth were found to use marijuana in comparison with 29.1% of male and 24.2% of female Caucasian youth.Youth were considered to have abused alcohol if they answered yes to the question: "Have you ever been drunk?". In 2013, 3.5 percent of 8th graders, 12.8 percent of 10th graders, and 26 percent of 12th graders reported getting drunk in the past month, continuing a downward trend from previous years. Significant declines include sharp drops from previous years in daily alcohol use by 10th and 12th graders (0.9 percent and 2.2 percent, respectively, in 2013).
(1998) investigated the use of fake identification to purchase alcohol by underage drinkers. Participants included 900 teenagers aged 16-19, whom completed self-report questionnaires based on their experience of trying to purchase alcohol (Schwartz et al., 1998). Borrowing and altering fake identification happened more often than purchasing it through the mail, as this method was sometimes unsuccessful (Schwartz et al., 1998). Similar findings were examined by Morleo, Cook, Bellis, and Smallthwaite (2010) investigating the use of fake identification between underage drinkers aged 15-16. A cross-sectional study was held investigating how the underage drinkers had purchased alcohol (Morleo et al., 2010).
One of the most well designed studies on marijuana and intelligence, released in 2012, found that persistent, heavy use of marijuana by adolescents reduces IQ by as much as eight points, when tested well into adulthood. Other studies have found that marijuana use is linked with dropping out of school, and subsequent unemployment, social welfare dependence, and a lower self-reported quality of life than non-marijuana abusing people. According to the U.S. National Survey on Drug Use and Health, youth with poor academic results were more than four times as likely to have used marijuana in the past year as youth with an average of higher grades. This is consistent with an exhaustive meta-analysis examining forty-eight different studies by Macleod and colleagues, published by Lancet, who found that marijuana use is consistently associated with reduced grades and a reduced chance of graduating from school. In addition, studies have linked employee marijuana use with “increased absences, tardiness, accidents, workers’ compensation claims, and job turnover.” (Oakes et al,
Mendelson, Flower, Pletcher and Galloway (2008) go on to say that “every year since 1999, more than 2 million adults started abusing opioids in the U.S.” In 1999 there were 4,000 reported deaths from overdose of prescription drugs. In 2008, this number nearly tripled to 15,000. These deaths from overdose of prescription drugs were also significantly greater than the overdose deaths of heroin and cocaine combined (Phillips,