Teenage Pregnancy Literature Review

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Chapter II: Literature Review
2.1 Literature Review
The purpose of this section of the study is to provide a review of relevant literature that focuses on problems related to teenage pregnancy. The Introduction to this study offered an overview of the extent of the problem, its effects, and outcomes, some of the facts, opinions, principles and study reports which are directly or indirectly related to this study.
2.1.1 Adolescence

Adolescence is a transitional stage between childhood and maturity. In this stage physical and mental development, involving biological, social and psychological changes occurs between 10-19 years of age. The word “adolescent” is usually used synonymously with “teenager” (WHO, 2004).
Adolescence is a transitional stage of physical and mental human development that occurs between childhood and adulthood. This transition involves biological, social, and psychological changes, though the biological or physiological ones are the easiest to measure objectively. Adolescence is a period of rapid development, and major physical change take place during this period (Nepal Population Report, 2011, p. 17).
During the transition from childhood to adulthood, adolescents establish outline of behavior and make lifestyle choices that affect both their present and potential health. Rigorous health and safety issues such as motor vehicle crashes, violence, substance use, and risky sexual behaviors can unfavorably affect adolescent and young adults (CDC, 2011).

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