Carrier (1995) found that there was reluctance on the part of senior management to employ certain groups of women due to their current or possible future family commitments. Lane and Piercy (2003) also indicated that male and female societal predefined roles determine their roles in the work environment. Heilman (1997) claimed that it is a common view that men are more focused on getting the work done while women are focused on keeping people happy. Jamieson (1995) also referred to the femininity-competency bind which means that acting in a feminine manner is seen as being incompetent; while being competent is associated with masculine traits and thus being ‘un-feminine’. These double binds have resulted in women continuously self-monitoring themselves, and thus drain the energy that could be applied to more important work related issues (Oakley,
Based on a discussion by Career Development International, 70% of female engineers who were interviewed have experienced difficult situations because of the gender discrimination and provocation issues . As a result of the biased work environment, the majority of women thought that Engineering field is not a suitable place for them to work, moreover, to strive for an excellent position in their career. Women are discouraged by unfamiliar cultural norms in the male dominated field. A recent research about workers in science and engineering concluded that male engineers earn wages 22 percent more than their female peers in their labor market . This evidence has clearly shown that the industries are biased towards men compared to women.
Women are also stereotyped as stay at home mothers. There is an invisible restriction put on women by men that they can’t be a mother and have a full time job at the same time. Neil French, the WPP Group PLC executive stated women “Don’t make it to the top because they don’t deserve to” and that “women are rarities in the senior corporate positions because most are unwilling to make the personal sacrifices of time and energy required to be the boss” (Maich). The words spoken by this successful male go to show the inequality faced by women every day. Women have an even harder job balancing household obligations and a job.
They are breaking the cage and venturing out of the four walls they are confined to, and now possess the talent to break out of the gender roles that were created for them by society. They want to become independent individuals, stand on their own feet and are currently striving for success in their careers. However, most women who have successfully established themselves as career oriented are considered selfish and self-centered since the primary role of women is to be homemakers. Due to this, their work life is not taken seriously and they are given meaningless jobs as they are not considered ‘professionals’. Women who choose to work are persistently discouraged.
Women throughout history have been subordinate to men, being seen as a sinful temptation to the wholesome man. Even though women were allowed to vote by the time the 1940’s rolled around, women were far from equal. Instead of having a career, women were expected to be married, have a family, and become a housewife to serve their husbands. In The Second Sex, author Simone de Beauvoir, published in 1949, discusses what it means to be a woman and the hardships and stereotypes they faced. During World War II, 1939 - 1945, women were forced into the workforce due to the fact that countless men were off at war.
It is also shown throughout history that women make less money in the same position as a man. History has shown that the men are the absolute powers. We have never had a female president due to the gender differences. It is also suggested that women work under the powers of men. When a woman tries to do her own thing, she still appeals to the men for approval.
“Glass ceiling" is a term that describes an artificial plateau, beyond which women and various other minorities are denied the opportunity to improve to upper levels of executive management in corporate America and other first world countries in he world. It has become a routine practice to deny thousands of qualified women to top- level jobs on the basis of their merit and performance. The "glass ceiling" barricades towards women are nothing but an insidious form of sex discrimination, in violation of law. Glass ceiling barriers exist at all levels of an organization and affect people at different levels in various industries. And while CEOs increasingly acknowledge the value of work force variety, primarily at the management levels, glass
The problem with all of this is that most people believe that women are only good for domestic work. As i mentioned earlier, the fact them seen as domestic workers causes that they are not to be seen for their work potential or their university studies. As well as many of them are seen as sexual objects. In general women do not get paid less because they want to, the reality is that gender equality in the workplace still does not benefit women and probably never will, this cause women to accept a job knowing that it is more likely that they will not have the same salary as men. Women are more qualified, and their workday is up to ten hours more per week than that of a man.
Many women disappear from the paid workforce after they have children being deemed as the primary care givers. Others become stuck in positions below senior management or generally ignored, leaving them frustrated and unfulfilled. Lack of corporate policies, corporate culture or focus to retain and develop women has led to the belief that the glass ceiling is even getting thicker. Consequently, the positions of power constantly remind us that it’s a man’s world after all. The root cause for this includes certain deeply embedded structural beliefs and barriers as also stereotypes and biases.
Vertical segregation is where women do not reach the highest ranks of journalism. They either remain journalists, become free-lancers or move into the corporate field. Few rise up the organisations ladder because of issues like stereotypical perceptions and the current male hegemonic society. The abovementioned Sanef study found that discriminatory practices, patriarchy and sexism among other problems are still evident in the newsroom. An ongoing problem is horizontal segregation, where women are restricted to specific subject matters.