Bleeding may be minimal or profuse. Dirt and debris may be found surrounding the area affected. Because of tissue exposure, you are at risk for wound infection and bone infection (osteomyelitis). Tetanus infection is another risk involved in open fractures.
The long bone is that it allows movement , particularly in the limbs eg the femur (thigh bone) tibia and fibula (lower leg bones) humerus (upper arm bone), the radius and the ulna (lower arm). Metacarpals (hand bones) metersals (foot bone) and phalanges (finger and toe bone) Functions of the skeleton
The continuum model contain three distinct stages- reactive, disrepair and degenerative tendinopathies. The progression through each stage will inhibit the pathological areas ability to recover. Progression through the stages is dependent on load and internal factors such as genetics and other predisposed pathological illnesses such as including adiposity, cholesterol, insulin resistance, diabetes and menopause (cook and Bass et al 2007). Reactive tendinopathy is a short term response to acute overload and will lead to a inflammatory response. Proteoglycan contents within the extracellular matrix are increased however collagen will only undergo a small amount of change.
Secondly " aggressive periodontitis" which is known of it 's rapid loss of gums and bone destruction. Then we have "periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic disease" this type develop or appear with some other diseases such as diabetes and cardiopulmonary diseases, this type of periodontitis has more affect on children. And last but least "necrotizing periodontitis disease" this one is accompanied by necrosis of periodontal ligament, alveolar bones or some gum tissues, it 's more dangerous to people with some sort of systemic disease or people who suffer from immune deficiency disorder. all these types of periodontitis have a couple of similar symptoms, swollen gums, change of color and some tenderness, as well as loose teeth and some changes in how they fit together in the mouth. Of course all these symptoms and diseases could be prevented by keeping a good oral hygiene, in which a one should at least brush his teeth twice a day, floss for at least once a day and try to keep routine visits to the
Nomenclature of intervertebral disc is such that it takes the name of the vertebra cephalad to it. The disc between L4 and 5 will be called L4 disc. Dorsal root ganglion (DRG) is present at the level of the intervertebral foramina and it is in the confines of the foramina. Three branches arise distal to the DRG- Ventral ramus, Dorsal ramus and sinuvertebral nerve. The ventral ramus is the most prominent and most important branch and it supplies the structures ventral to the neural canal.
In progress of the Paget disease,maybe the affected bones will occur deformities, for example twisted, misshapen of limb, and scoliosis. Sometimes that affected bones can be fracture,usually at the longer bones in your arms and legs. There is a few symptoms of fractured bone: • Pain and swelling • Bruising and changes colour in a skin around. • The limb and body part can be bent at an unsual angle.
A large bone protruding out from the top of the femur which located next to the femoral neck is called the greater trochanter. Large and important muscles connect to greater trochanter. Figure 1: Showing the anatomy of the hip joint In the hip, Articular cartilage covers inner parts of the femur and socket portion of the acetabulum in the pelvis.
In adults, these bones are completely fused and their bodies form the cavity for the articulation with the femur, the acetabulum (8). The acetabulum is a deep cotyloid cavity in which all three pelvic bones contribute. It is composed of the body of ilium craniolaterally, the body of ischium caudolaterally and the body of pubis medially. The acetabulum is reciprocal to the head of femur, with which it forms the spheroidal hip joint. The acetabular cavity consists of the peripheral articular lunate surface and the non-articular acetabular fossa in the center.
In an asymptomatic subject a hypertrophied muscle will obstruct and result in hazy interpretation of radiological assessment of this region. Difficulties in endoscopic procedure and electro myographic studies may also result from such a reversal
Nonetheless, our group observed specific locations in the skull that over time, changed among species. The following methodology will include how to observe or examine the different locations that were relevant to the study. By looking for the widest part in the back of the skull the location of the maximum skull breath can be identified. The degree of postorbital constriction can be recognized by observing the space behind the brow/supraorbital ridge. The zygomatic flare can be examined by evaluating how wide is the zygomatic bone.
Snapping Hip Syndrome is described as audible or palpable snap heard during flexion and extension movement of the hip and maybe associated with or without pain. Snapping hip syndrome is classified into two categories intraarticular and Extraarticular. Intraarticular is due to the lesion in the joint itself. It includes synovial chondromatosis, labral tears and fracture fragments or loose bodies. Internal types occur when iliopsoas tendon subluxates over the iliopectineal eminence or the anterior aspect of femoral head and capsule [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6].
If Lyme disease is not diagnosed or treated early enough it can go and spread to different parts of the body causing lots of issues. Weeks, Months, or years later can turn into chronic Lyme disease. Later stage Lyme disease one may see different signs and symptoms than when first diagnosed. One being joint pain and swelling mostly in the knees but can also shift from one joint to another. The last thing one might notice later is neurological problems.
Timmy’s cartilage plates around the larynx are probably severely damaged and this can compromise the airways and let the air to escape into his neck and chest. The trachea could be further damaged and as well as the esophagus. If in the moment of the punch he had breathed in, the air he had inhaled can’t escape through its normal way. That’s why it will find another way out.