Furthermore, the pervasive stigma against them leads to increased cost and poorer health outcomes. Instead of looking at a patient’s violent behavior on the superficial level, one should take into account the patient’s diagnosis and past experience. For instance, violent behavior is prevalent in patients with schizophrenia and it is also the most common reason for the admission to a psychiatric inpatient unit (Krakowski, Czobor, Citrome, Bark, & Cooper, 2006). Many are also under-diagnosed and under-treated, resulting in wide treatment gaps. Most of them require psychoanalytic treatment to cope with their violent behavior.
1.INTRODUCTION When we talk about abuse or abandon, the first object which comes to our mind definitely will be children. However, the fact is, it happens to the elderly too and the percentage of elderly being abused is getting higher. The elder abuse had become a very common issue in this society. They are either abused by their friends, family members or by the caretakers that are hired by their family, as well as in the nursing home. Nurses in the nursing homes can be biased by giving bad treatments compared to the others.
In Nightwalk, by Aleem Hossain, it is clear the narrator has some type of mental illness. The hallucinations, brimming rage, psychotic depression, and many other problems show that he, the narrator, has a severe schizoaffective disorder. A schizoaffective disorder is where people have symptoms of both schizophrenia (have changes in behavior and other symptoms -- including delusions and hallucinations -- that last longer than 6 months. It usually affects them at work or school, as well as their relationships) and a mood disorder, like depression (feelings of severe despondency and dejection) or bipolar disorder (a mental disorder marked by alternating periods of elation and depression). The suicidal thoughts and quick behavioral changes show
Juveniles whom experience disrupted thinking experience a mild case of psychosis. The length of their stay in solitary will determine the severity of their case. Maztner (2010) notes, “the stress, lack of meaningful social contact, and unstructured days can exacerbate symptoms of illness or provoke recurrence.” Adolescents experiencing hallucinations are reported and placed on medication resulting in them becoming medically ill patients for the remainder of their life (Corcoran, 2016). Facilities have stated approximately fifteen percent of the population incarcerated has been diagnosed with a mental illness. According to Matzner (2010), studies have shown eight to
Stress has received so much attention in the past few decades of research and studies. This is due to its large impact on the lives of human being as it primarily affects our daily adaptation and functioning. Stress has also been largely associated with adverse effects on mental health and physical health of people. Due to these adverse effects on human health, the capability of an individual to function socially and cognitively is impaired. The impacts of stress should be handled well by the person affected because this could lead to worse outcomes if the person was unable to use the proper coping mechanisms.
Adaptation is when an inmate is shaped and acclimated by the institutional environment. “For some Inmates, incarceration is so stark and psychologically painful that it represents a form of traumatic stress severe enough to produce PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder) reactions once released.”-Craig Haney (University of California, Santa Cruz). Prisons and jails can negatively affect inmates mentally. Suicide is the number one cause of death among inmates in local jails and top 5 for the state prisons.-Alana Horowitz. Some inmates are so hurt emotionally and cave under the pressures they face every day.
According to Buzzle (2012), some common complaints from the patients after the surgery are headache, vomiting, prolonged pain, nausea and more. This is because patients underwent change in their body chemistry during the process which causes the body system to react negatively to the outcome. Another reason is that the process of the surgery requires the use of Anesthesia, which is a temporary state of one’s unconsciousness and this is very risky as Anesthesia is responsible for 34 deaths in United States annually reported by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (Cherney, 2014). The second side-effect of
Promoting Healthy Aging: Depression in Older Adults Depression is a serious mental health problem which affects many areas of a person's health including social, physical, mental, emotional and spiritual health. It affects people of all ages and backgrounds and greatly diminishes their quality of life when health care is not sought. Depression can lead to lowered, depressed moods, social isolation and a loss of enjoyment in activities the sufferer usually enjoys, among many other negative symptoms (Canadian Mental Health Association, 2013). In particular, with 15% to 20% of older adults experiencing it in Canada, the Canadian elderly population is vulnerable to its' effects because mental health has many social stigmas which may prevent people from seeking
The side effects vary depending on the specific agents used in therapy, as well as the dose and the duration of treatment. Short term effects usually occur during the course of treatment and resolve within months of completion of therapy. Fatigue is experienced by all chemotherapy patients and will disrupt a person’s daily life on a continual basis. Nausea and vomiting is one of the most frequent and debilitating side effects of chemotherapy treatment. (Hesketh 2008) states patients report chemotherapy induced emesis as one of their biggest fears, but thankfully these symptoms now can be eased by anti-emetic drugs.
The study finds that black people may have poorer mental health as a result of two mechanisms: Firstly; chronic exposure to racial discrimination leads to more experiences of daily discrimination and secondly it results in an accumulation of daily negative events across various domains of life, from family, friends, health and finances. As stated by an online research, “A person’s whole world can change from experiencing discrimination and they can become depressed, anxious and mentally unwell. People who experienced the most racism also recorded the most severe psychological distress scores and more than 70% worried at least a few times a month that their family and friends would be victims of racism.” (VicHealth, 2009). In, addition,
Research studies show that exposing nurses to disturbances constantly adversely affects their response to an extent of even turning off the alarms (McKinney, 2013). Consequently, incidences can result especially to the sick units due to those disturbing sounds which subsequently result to alarm fatigue. An alert has been raised by the Joint commission due a recent sentinel event which was heavily associated to alarm fatigue (Horkan, 2014). Research statistics by the Joint commission between 2009 and 2012 indicate that 80 death and 13 injury cases occurred as a result of alarm fatigue. Further findings from Food and Drug Administration carried out between January 2009 to June 2010, reveal that a total of 560 death occurred due to alarm fatigue and the associated effects (McKinney, 2013).
The aftermath of the attack can cause mental and psychical damage to their bodies, which can contribute to health problem. PTSD, posttraumatic stress disorder can be developing after a person experience a traumatic event in their life. According to Moller, approximately one- third of women will develop PTSD as a result of sexual assault, (2014). The first exercise asks that readers write a letter to their traumatized self. Doing this will help them to see who they were at that time and allow them to let out any frustrations with their self, but not attacking themselves.
Throughout the nation and our world people are suffering from this disease. Depression effects people of both genders, all ages, and any background. The history of mental illness, specifically depression were extremely helpful in today’s treatment and diagnosis. We know that all individuals are different and because of this, we can assume that each case of mental illness, more specifically depression, is unique in its own way as well. One treatment that is very effective for one person may not be equally as effective in a similar case simply because of the differences in patients.