Tenets Of Mercantilism, Liberalism Structuralism, And Constructivism
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Reflection Paper 1
Comparing the major tenets of Mercantilism, Liberalism, Structuralism, and Constructivism
Mercantilism does not believe in human capacity of reason to deliver moral progress. IN its perspective, humans are born to be equal and their nature is selfishness (Archer, Kevin. "INST 1500." Oct. 2015. Lecture). Their right to do whatever they want impedes all humans to fulfill their right, because big guys who have more power always win under absence of anarchy.
Because individuals cannot handle themselves, mercantilism determines economy as states building project (Archer, Kevin. "INST 1500." Oct. 2015. Lecture). State are sovereignty which are existences of an independent political community with a supermen authority over its territory. Therefore, fundamental focus of mercantilism is national security (high politics). Because mercantilism views that protecting states is a uniqueness contribution to states economy which benefit their nations consequently. There is no laissez-faire function in the states operation.
To protect security, states of leaders make decisions according to the profit and losses calculations (Archer, Kevin. "INST 1500." Oct. 2015. Lecture). They gather information and analyze them to make their outcome minimized loss and maximize benefits for the whole nations (states). Morals can be judged only inside the states’ territory, but does not matter outside of their territory unless it creates threats in their states.