Before conflict started to erupt between the British and the American colonists, there was the end of the French-Indian War in 1763. The British government was given enormous territorial gains from the war and many of the colonists were eager to move westward onto new, fresh land, especially considering that the colonists had claimed that land in the war. However, to improve Native American relations, the British issued The Royal Proclamation of 1763, which declared the boundaries of the thirteen colonies to be the Appalachian Mountains. The British government saw the proclamation not as oppressive, but as a fair way to prevent more Native American-colonial conflict and in no way expected colonial resentment. Yet, countless American colonists were enraged by this proclamation.
Many of the reasons the American colonies believed they were justified in their rebellion from England lay in trade and taxes. When George III inherited the throne at the end of the Seven Years’ War England’s debt had risen to 145 million pounds and his chief minister believed that the American colonies needed to help shoulder the debt. (Nash, et al., 2007. , p. 134) In attempting to collect these taxes from the colonies to relieve the mounting debt Parliament passed a range of acts, which led to discontent among the colonists as many of them restricted trade, their political maneuverability and left many believing they infringed upon their “right to be taxed only by their own consent.”
Chapter Evaluation Assignment #2 Chapter 5 1. The colonists had several major advantages as they moved toward war. Among these strengths were the distances the British had to move men and materiel and that they were fighting on their home ground. Britain also had the very real danger of a destabilized France and potential attacks from Europe in general. They also knew Britain was still reeling from the debt payments for the last war and would have difficulty raising revenue for a new one.
“The purpose of the United States Constitution is to limit the power of the federal government not the American people.” – The Federalist Papers. Our government is not the exact same way it was from the very beginning of its creation. It has changed dramatically over the course of about two-hundred years, as said in the video, “The Constitution must change for challenges in the future.” Truthfully, it has been changed and adapted to meet the ever changing needs of our society.
There are many factors that lead to a dual identity between the North American colonist and the British. One of the first factors during the 18th century was the colonial economy was growing rapidly. This was largely due to the immense immigration. The Dutch, German and Irish began to weave among the population. During this time, the colonial population was growing just as fast as the economy.
The relationship between Britain and its American colonies was civil at first but began to strain in the mid-1700’s. In the beginning, Britain ruled colonies with little involvement because they were busy dealing with the French and Indian War among other things. As a result of this, the colonies were typically left in charge of themselves with little interference from British authorities. After years of being left alone, the colonists had developed a feeling of freedom and independence. When the war ended there was a significant change in the relations between England and the colonies.
DBQ Essay The Seven Years’ War in the American colonies was caused by constant, violent encounters between England and France. The conflicts eventually reached the British American colonies and the war lasted in the colonies from 1754-1763. When the war came to a close, the British Empire began to increase their presence in the American colonies. Also, as a result of the war with France, the British was crippled with war debt.
Britain and its American Colonies During the rule of George the third, the American colonies grew from 250,000 to 2,150,000 in 70 years. Through that time, the American colonies thrived on the trading with the trading with the nations of Europe. After many years of staying in American, the Americans thought themselves as Pennsylvanians or Virginians. However, they were expected to listen and obey British Law.
When the early colonists migrated over from Great Britain, they were proud of being British and of where they originated. Most of the colonists did not have any complications with King George III, in fact, despite common belief, they even thought of themselves as loyal subjects of the King. They had ties and loyalty to Great Britain still through trade and the way the government was run throughout the colonies. However, disagreements started to configure between Great Britain and the colonists. There were various different events leading up the American Revolutionary War, which after often considered the cause of the war.
For 10 years or so years, Great Britain experienced a deteriorating relationship with her 13 colonies in North America. The Revolutionary War was a direct cause of this poor relationship. There were many events that caused turmoil but there were several key events that turned the table. British Parliament, in 1765, adopted the Stamp Act, which levied taxes on paper for to generate higher revenue from the colonies. The colonies responded with the Stamp Act Congress who simply opposed this legislation.
The Cause British Winning The War:The French and Indian War took place between 1754 and 1763 and is also known as the Seven Years War. This conflict formed part of a larger struggle between France and Great Britain to expand their empires. Although Great Britain won this war with massive gains in land in North America, it also cost them dearly as it led to more conflict, ultimately resulting in the American Revolution. The Pontiac's Rebellion:In August of 1763, after the French-Indian War, an Ottawa Indian chief named Pontiac went to other Indian chiefs along the Ohio River Valley to start a rebellion.
The Townshend Acts were a series of four acts passed by the British Parliament. These Acts began June 15th and lasted through July 2nd, 1767. The British East India Company was required to sell its tea throughout London. Therefore colonists were required to pay tax per pound of tea that was sold.
The American Revolution was the start of the America’s history and one of the biggest turning points in that era. All the colonists remembered the daring fight against Britain for land and liberty. Yet, 29 years later another war broke out between Britain and America. The same arguments were in place as before, America was pushing for land and defending their liberties. In these ways the War of 1812 can easily be viewed as the second American Revolution.