So if 0.38 is divided by 0.49 and multiplied by 100 then the percent yield for Zinc Sulfide would be 77.6%. When it comes to Sodium Chloride, the theoretical yield is 0.58 grams and the actual yield is 0.45 grams. So when 0.45 grams is divided by 0.58 grams and multiplied by 100, the percent yield would be 77.5% of Sodium chloride. The actual yield is directly taken from the mass of the products in the experiment while the theoretical yield is determined by using stoichiometric calculations. To determine the theoretical yield, the reactants should be converted from grams to moles based on the coefficients in the chemical equation and the moles should be incorporated into the mass of the reactants.
The chemical reactions can be found below in Table 2.8 The amount of copper metal extracted from the 0.9899 g sample of malachite was measured to be 0.5682g. The theoretical yield of copper metal was calculated to be 0.5690 g. The percent yield was calculated to be 0.135%. The sample calculations for theoretical yield and percent yield can be found after Table 3.
The experimental Ksp at 291.15 K was found to be 7.10 x 10-4 + 5 x 10-6 and compared to the literature value of 3.8 x 10-4. Since ΔH° reaction and ΔS° reaction was assumed to be nearly independent of temperature, the change in enthalpy and entropy of the reaction was found using the gradient and intercept respectively of the linear plot of lnKsp versus the reciprocal of temperature. Using van’t Hoff equation, ΔH° reaction and ΔS° reaction was found to be 44 ± 1.3 kJ K-1 mol-1 and 89 ± 4 J K-1 mol-1
Once the true stress-strain curves were developed from the data extrapolated by the tensile tester, mechanical properties of each metal were compared. 316 Stainless Steel yielded the highest toughness, tensile strength, and percent elongation. For application purposes, environments that entail high impact load, like jet engine components or heat exchangers, are suggested for 316 Stainless Steel. Additionally, as a result of the corrosion resistant properties, 316 Stainless Steel is suggested in environments that entail chemical usage like textile processing equipment and marine atmospheres.
Experimental Viscosities in cP of 65 wt% Sucrose and 30 wt% Sucrose Solutions at Tested Temperatures in ˚C Compared to Literature Values of Viscosity in cP with Percent Error Concentration of Sucrose (% weight) Temperature of Solution (˚C) Average Viscosity of Sucrose Solutions Calculated (cP) Literature Value of Viscosity of Sucrose Solutions (cP) % error 65 20.7 138.67 147.2 5.79 65 40 42.88 44.36 3.34 65 60 18.31 17.9 2.29 30 20.7 2.9376 3.187 7.83 30 40 1.999 1.833 9.06 30 60 1.239 1.2 3.25 The graph of the viscosities at the tested temperatures for the 30 wt% sucrose solution can be seen in Figure 1. The graph of the viscosities at the tested temperatures for the 65 wt% sucrose solution can be seen in Figure 2.
The results were then transferred to Graph 1, which displays the effect of change in volume on pressure and illustrates the inverse relationship between the variables. Graph 2 demonstrates 1/volume versus pressure, and should have a linear best fit line that goes through the origin. However, due to the line of best fit not going through the origin, it is indicted that there are random and systematic errors. Graph 3 demonstrates pressure times volume versus pressure and should be a horizontal line. However, the best fit line in Graph 3 is not horizontal, further suggesting random and systematic errors.
The rate of cooling is immaterial except for some steels which are susceptible to temper brittleness. As the tempering is increased, the martensite of hardened steel passes through stages of tempered martensite and is gradually changed into a structure consisting of spheroids or cementite in a matrix of ferrite, formerly termed as sorbite. These changes are accompanied by a decreasing hardness and increasing toughness. The tempering temperature depends upon the desired properties and the purpose for which the steel is to be used. If considerable hardness is necessary then the tempering temperature needs to be low.
Thermal shock defines the way in which some materials are proved to damage if they are in contact to an unexpected change in temperature. If nothing stops this crack from propagating through the material, it will cause the object's structure to fail. Borosilicate glass is made to withstand thermal shock better than most other glass through a combination of reduced expansion coefficient and greater strength, though fused quartz outperforms it in both these respects. Some glass-ceramic materials include a controlled proportion of material with a negative expansion coefficient, so that the overall coefficient can be reduced to almost exactly zero over a reasonably wide range of temperatures. Reinforced carbon-carbon is
Data for determining the concentration of the unknown ferricyanide solution Peak Current (A) Calibration Line Cathodic 3.00E-5 y = 6.00E-6x 1.00E-6 Anodic 2.15E-5 y = 5.00E-6x
Thesis Statement: The truss bridge is an ideal bridge because of it's triangular structure/ design. The triangular design gives the bridge tremendous strength making it ideal for heavy loads, which is why I will be testing this particular bridge. The truss bridge is a type of bridge whose most important piece is a truss, which is a structure of connected elements that produce triangular units. Its main purpose is to transfer loads.