This widespread, coordinated criminal effort is enabled by a plethora of vulnerabilities of the Internet, browsers, operating systems, and applications that are easily exploited by cybercrime techniques. Cybercriminals have found that compromising employee endpoints is a far simpler path into the corporate network than directly attacking networks. Unpatched “zero-day” vulnerabilities allow cybercriminals to secretly install malware on employee endpoint devices and essentially gain the same level of access to the corporate network, applications, and data that employees
The term ‘cyber-terrorism’ refers to the use of information warfare tactics and techniques by terrorist organizations, affecting cyberspace. The cyber terrorist will operate exclusively in cyberspace and will not destroy the existing physical infrastructure that supports virtual space. While the cyber terrorists pursue an impact over the actions of ‘real’ people from ‘real’ world, they operate inside the virtual world of cyberspace in order to manipulate these actors. At first glance, cyber attacks seem less dangerous than the clasic terrorist attacks. However, such attacks can create unimaginable chaos by destroying infrastructure and systems that permit a good functioning of a society.
For example, do not reply any email message for ask the personal information because legitimate companies should not ask personal information using email message, if have any doubt could contact the company by phone or using Web Browser to typing the company Web address. Other solution is use the strong passwords to avoid hackers misuse your account also a way to help secure the information. Strong passwords consists of 8 characters long or more and consists of combination of letters, numbers and special characters(e.g. $%!? ), the password better avoid for common personal information such as date of birth, last name or pet's name or dictionary words, else will lead to hacker easy to hack in.
Countries should install both networks alongside other security applications to counter cyber terrorism (Jalil, 2003).They should also recruit qualified personnel to monitor all suspicious operations within the country’s network and conduct forensic evaluation (Weimann, 2004).Countries should be proactive by being updated on latest information about cyber threats. They should improve their current information security systems and install multi-level security architecture as well as create awareness among the
ETHICAL HACKING Introduction What is ethical hacking? History Laws related to it Judgments conclusion 1.1 Introduction Generally hacking has always been associated with negative connotations but actually hackers are those computer programmers who use their skills in a constructive manner to help the government authorities or organizations to protect and prevent any damage to the network security. In fact hackers are the one who keep the cyber criminals (also known as crackers) at bay. In today’s world when technology is growing at a rocket’s speed and with it the cyber-crimes as well. In order to keep check on the cyber-crimes the role of hackers has acquired a profound importance.
There are many types of anti-phishing solutions proposed to tackle these tricks and attacks but still the user’s personal information and security are on risk. One of the main reason is rapidly growth and advancement of phishing tricks noticed. These tricks bypass the existing solutions and users lose their credentials information. According to international non-profit organization APWG (Antiphishing work group) that the volumes of phishing websites have been rapidly increases since 2010. The existing solutions are not sufficient and effective against novel phishes.
To help recover, analyze, and present the material / digital or electronic-based entity such that it can be used as legal evidence in court 2. To support the process of identification evidence in a relatively quick time, in order to be taken into account estimates of the potential impact caused by the malicious behavior committed by criminals against the victims, as well as disclose the reasons and motivations such action while looking for related parties who are involved directly or indirectly with unpleasant acts. 3.3.2. Benefits of Digital Forensic Of course there are the reasons why forensic experts more like to using digital forensic compared to other forensic type, the reasons are likely because it’s benefits, some benefits are: 1. The organization or company can always be ready and responsive if there are lawsuits that hit him, especially in preparing the supporting evidence needed.
1.0 Introduction Nowadays, new technology can make new criminal opportunities can happen in this era. Cyber-crime can be categorized in various categories such as Cyber espionage, identity fraud, and ransom ware and so on. As we can see the different use of the computerized is about the technology alone and lacking for any improvement that may exist between several realms of criminal activity. Cyber-crime, mostly including the Internet, communicates to an expansion of existing criminal conduct nearby some of new illegal activities. The technology used to keep an eye on casualties, and the inspirations driving them change.
IMPACT OF COMMERCIAL CYBER ESPIONAGE ON ECONOMIES The 21st century has seen the rise of entirely new challenges, in which criminal and national security threats strike from afar through computer networks with potentially devastating consequences. The FBI continues to adapt to meet these challenges. The FBI Cyber Division was created in 2002 to combat cyber-based terrorism, hostile foreign intelligence operations conducted over the Internet, and cyber crime by applying the highest level of technical capability and investigative expertise. The Cyber Division continues to evolve to meet the FBI’s leading role to defend America against the rapidly growing cyber threat. It aggregates cyber-centered investigations within one division
Peace and prosperity is the aim of every nation. Terrorism is the most dangerous threat in realization of that aim. There has been a lot of brainstorming going on amongst the intelligence agencies all over the world in order to devise comprehensive strategy to avert the violent attacks by the terrorists. Amongst the ways adopted by the defence forces, the detentions of the suspected terrorists have seen greatest number of the human rights violations. The preventive detention seeks to prevent the attacks by arresting the suspected terrorists.