Terrorism, Counterterrorism And Terrorism

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Prior to the 9/11 attack on the World Trade Center, terrorism was not a widely discussed topic in sociology- with most existing studies not being conducted by sociologists. It was mostly seen as a foreign problem that had no direct implications to many western nations and hence, faired fairly low on the political agenda. However, following the incident, a lot more importance was placed on the subject and this led to many radical changes. In the following essay, I would be examining the different ways that sociologists have researched and theorized terrorism, counterterrorism, as well as the impact that it had on society, predominantly in America and United Kingdom. First and foremost, we have to recognize that terrorism has evolved over the recent years, from old terrorism to new terrorism. This can be explained via the Risk Society theory. Commonly associated with the works from sociologists like Anthony Giddens and Ulrich Beck, the risk society is one that is “preoccupied with the future, which generates the notion of risk” (Gidden, 1999) and is a “systematic way of dealing with hazards and insecurities induced and introduced by modernization itself” (Beck, 1992). In the past, with limited technology, terrorism was more often than not, localized. However, as more and more technological inventions started being applied to the field, it became evident that terrorism could no longer be contained on a national level. As Beck famously coined, the increased development in

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