Terrorism has become a global scourge, affecting development and security of modern state and citizens’ life. Although the history of terrorist activities is longer than the modern nation-state, it has now become more fanatical, more lethal, and more global than any time of the history. Today, terrorism is more diverse in terms of motivations, financing, and security implications. In turn, it is now more apocalyptic in perspective, methods and techniques. Eventually, all the regions of the world are hitting by the different types of terrorism.
What is terrorism? The term terrorism refers to kidnapping, killing, and extortion. Terrorism is a international problem today world and global community which needs immediate attention and reaction. Many nations are affected whether directly or indirectly. Most of the nations worldwide oppose and stand against terrorism but few nations condone or support actively terrorism or its brutal acts.
Ever so often airports become a target of attack and crime. In response, there have been changes to airport security through the years, including increased security measures and new security agencies such as the federal agency Transportation Security Administration (TSA). With more attacks occurring more enhanced security is being made. Though many argue that these measures are meant to keep the travelers safe and the country as a whole safe, others might argue that the passengers are being violated and their privacy is being invaded. As a result of the many airport terrorist attacks, there’s been an increase in intensity of the security measures making it inconvenient and invasive for travelers.
1.1 Extremism Extremism is a crucial issue one of the main issues the global having to solve in our modern societies, it’s a daily case we have to face but extremism has deep roots in the structural formations and ideologies accepted by societies. The extremism ideology it 's like any other ideologies existing around the world. Extremism is a social phenomenon effect and gets affected by other phenomena and it 's highly related to the historical, religious, political, economical, social, and other circumstances affect the societies. The concept of extremism considers very hard to defined or detect clearly or give a clear directions about it, due to its linguistic definition its anything above the moderation level, moderation level can be different in each community based on the moral values of each community, Because in some communities can be considered extremist to some and not to others. Moderation and extremism are based on the environmental, educational, religious, historical and political changes the society passes by.
The existence of the airline industry has created another angle of attack that can be used by terrorists. Because globalization has increased methods of communication, the number of ways terrorist organizations can make threats is infinite. Security measures around the world have become more extreme due to the threat of a terrorist attack. “Global terrorism depends on the success of globalization”(Dr. Muqtedar Khan). Because of the expansion of globalization it has become increasingly easy for terrorist attacks to occur.
Keywords: right of diversity, tolerance, inter-civilizational dialogue 1. INTRODUCTION In the current days, it is obvious that there is an increase in the number of acts of intolerance, violence, terrorism, xenophobia, etc. All of these acts threaten the international peace and security. The UNESCO Declaration on Tolerance states “In the modern world, tolerance is more essential than ever before. It is an age marked by the globalization of the economy and by rapidly increasing mobility, communication, integration and interdependence, large-scale migrations and displacement of populations, urbanization and changing social patterns.” For this reason, the need for dialogue between civilizations is very urgent.
If conducive environment prevails in country, it would attract businessmen and investment. In modern day, terrorism is one of the means of instability in every country and therefore affecting development. Merriam Webster Dictionary defines the terrorism
I argue here that globalization has created a number of security problems; the influx of goods and peoples means that the risk of terrorism whether physical, cyber, or economic are all increased. Similarly, with the prominence of nuclear power and the concept of mutually assured destruction, individual nations are all but required to stockpile nuclear weapons in order to maintain the defensive structure necessary for deterrence of nuclear war. Again, citing the idea that there are components of security policy that have to be left to chance, we put a lot of faith into the rationality of leaders. Recently there has been a lot of back and forth between the United States and North Korea regarding a balance of power, and it has become increasingly difficult to understand the rationality and irritability of the countries' respective leaders. When
Overview: Though there is no agreed definition of the term terrorism. However, there are numerous broader explanations available. In the broadest sense, terrorism is explained as the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a mean to achieve certain social, political or religious objectives. Being considered as one of the scariest challenges of modern era, there is a consistent war against terrorism over the last two decades. Violence as a mean to achieve certain goals is not a new phenomenon; however, the type of warfare used today and diversity is unprecedented.
Globalization and the modern media have given the ‘have nots’ an acute awareness of their situation compared to the ‘haves’. As Omer Taspinar states in Fighting Radicalism, Not “Terrorism,” “Globalization creates an acute awareness about opportunities available elsewhere. This leads to frustration and humiliation among growing cohorts of urbanized, undereducated, and unemployed Muslim youth who are able to make comparisons across countries.” Seeing the economic differences between themselves can enrage some in underdeveloped countries, increasing tensions and grudge. This allows terrorist organizations to gain attention and encourage those individuals that have felt wronged by these perceived social injustices. Unfortunately the only way to mitigate this is through the development of the economic status of a