Literature Review “Children know how to learn in more ways than we know how to teach them.” —Ronald Edmonds (1991) Each child learns in a different way, therefore if teachers are mainly focused on instructing the majority auditory/visual learners; the students who have different learning styles needs aren’t being met, which results in lack of basic skills moving forward. The idea of one instructional strategy fitting all is creating a void in classrooms; which in turn is failing to help those students struggling the most. Campbell, Helf, and Cooke, (2008) suggests a reason for some students’ ongoing lack of achievements that, “too often, students are instructed indirectly, watching and listening to the teacher or other students with little or no opportunity to actually read” (p. 268). Children who are unsuccessful early are more likely to start disliking reading and avoid it all together (Campbell et al., 2008). When children aren’t successful at reading from early on, they’re at a substantially higher risk of being unable to read at grade level (Campbell et al., 2008).
Recent findings have suggested that schoolchildren in the 1960s and 1970s are more literate than children of today as they didn’t have the same access to technology and spelling correction tools like children today do. It is evident that text messaging is alienating English speakers from their native tongue and natives who wish to learn the language as there are so many new words to be learnt due more abbreviations or slang words being constantly added. Many teachers are intolerant to these slangs and abbreviations which the students prefer as the teachers believe that their students cannot express themselves eloquently. Yet, a study by Sali Tagliamonte shows that students who utilize both informal and formal writing in different contexts are developing a kind of blending of conversational registers employed by teens which not be possible without a sophisticated understanding of both languages. Also, many new abbreviations such ICYMI for in case you missed it or TL/DR for too long didn’t read are consistently being added, wasting more time on searching up what they mean rather than actually using them in conversations.
There was a side of language that I showed with my family and at school, and a contrasting side with my friends. The hypocrisy in my literacy became hard to control. I felt hypocritical because one side of me was the preppy kid who always spoke properly and respectfully, while my other side with friends spoke in slang. A constant battle existed between the language I was taught to speak and write, and the cultural slang I heard from my friends and through popular culture. I did not enjoy flipping the switch between different forms of literacy depending on my situation, but I knew that it was necessary.
There are multiple things that could keep students from excelling in school. According to ‘Pros vs. Cons of Extended School Days’, “Before deciding to extend the school day, consider changes that can be incorporated to solve the specific issues the school is facing.” Extending school hours is the easy way to approach the issue, but it isn’t that simple. One cause of low test scores is the misuse of time in class. There are many students who have trouble with time management. They often struggle to finish their work on time because they’re engaged in conversations or things other than their assignment.
On the other hand, sometimes William needed help to find the resolve to keep going. Near the end of the book William is trying to learn more of the English language, but the L’s and the R’s get him every time. He was discharged by the fact that some of the little children at his school could speak the language better than he could. His teacher eventually told him, “Don’t be discouraged and give up just because it’s hard. Whatever you want to do, if you do it with heart, it will happen” (272-273).
Kidwatching is an interesting and helpful strategy for me to understand my focus students’ literacy behavior. This observation strategy is an ideal way for me to get to know my students’ literacy tendencies and interests. There are many students who do not feel comfortable with their reading and writing skills, which causes the students to lack interest in all literature. After watching and interviewing my focus students, I learned that not all students like to read and write. Additionally, I learned that I must always be flexible in the classroom because things may not go as planned and I may have to quickly adjust.
It is very difficult because the accent is difficult to understand when you are communicating with some local person. Secondly, when you are in class, it is very difficult to understand the lecture because teacher speaks very fast and you cannot follow the class notes. In that case, one should adapt a habit of reading books and newspaper (Wendroff, 2013). I also kept an English dictionary in my earlier days in US so that I can understand and learn English without getting into any trouble someday. Learning English is important because it makes a person understand about the new culture in a better ways.
This teaching method can be helpful before an exam, but is difficult for visual and kinesthetic learners (“Most Common Teaching”). While lecturing, difficult information should be broken up into easily understood chucks. This allows students to feel more comfortable with the information rather than overwhelmed (Biehler 676) For auditory learners, hearing, and talking about new information is the best way to process it (Tileston 16). Although, auditory learners make up a small number of students in most classrooms (Tileston 17). By adding visual aids to lectures, teachers can cater to more than one type of student at a time (Tileston 11).
I have seen in these younger students that they have a hard time grasping another language, they get frustrated and give up. I have had parents complain that schools are spending too much time on bilingual teaching when the time could be spent on learning a more useful subject matter. Parents have asked me, “why should their English-speaking student suffer because someone’s child can’t speak English”? In my opinion teaching a bilingual education can be done at a different time other than in class on a normal school day, it can be done on a tutoring basis where other students are not missing out on things they should be
“Learning a new language is very overwhelming and can be even harder with a bunch of school work on top of it. I think that it should just be an option for the students.” Thus stating that learning a foreign language only stresses students out. A second language only adds to the workload of students, and then furthermore adding stress and even anxiety. Some also state that learning a foreign language is a waste of time. Later in life, students that decided to take a foreign language in high school often don't remember basic conversational skills from said language, and even more so the entire language.