s the impossibility of a single meaning, and instead, invokes an acceptance of plurality. In the jazz reading of the text, Reed refuses the linear narrative of influence or tradition. Rather, he chips away at the conventions of unity and coherence from the sphere of narrative and identity formulation. Much like the fluidity of jazz, the Jes Grew, Reed’s metaphor for this fluid energy, lives within his rewrite of black cultural history. In the early pages of the novel, the narrator criticizes those who wish to seek and “…interpret the world by using a single loa” and implies that any rigid definition of black essence would be “…like filling a milk bottle with an ocean” (Reed 24).
“Just Walk on By” Alex Haley, an American writer in the late 1900s, once said “racism is taught in our society, it is not automatic. It is learned behavior toward persons with dissimilar physical characteristics” Although he was famous for his literature, Haley still faced racism for being black. In his quote, he briefly explains why racism is still around, and why people discourage minorities. Similar to another black writer, Brent Staples, a journalist, wrote several essays trailing his life growing up black. One of the essays Staples wrote, “Just Walk on By”, was a reflection of how his mere presence on the street was enough to frighten a woman.
The piece of writing which I felt was unsuccessful for me was the Rhetorical Analysis of an article relating to a topic from our course book The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander. This piece of writing was difficult for me to organize my ideas around. The article that I decided to use for my rhetorical analysis highlighted mass incarceration among African American and the effect of civil liberties being are taken away from these individuals. I had a lot of repetition because many of the examples I used demonstrated more than one type of appeal. I found myself repeating what the purpose of the example was and how it demonstrated proper use of ethos, pathos, and logos.
Nash’s article focuses on the reexamination of symbolism encompassed within the Liberty Bell through use of African American history. Nash’s article targets the INHP and their lack of commitment to create a “close collaboration with historians and other scholars, as well as the public, in arriving at a final exhibition plan” (Nash, 101). Beginning with Nash’s many challenges to change the INHP’s exhibition plan of the White American history, he questions the INHP’s conscious decision to ignore the “deep historical significance of the site” (Nash, 80). This “deep historical significance of the site” revolves around the slavery within the William Master’s Mansion, later to be the home of George and Martha Washington, who was “probably Philadelphia’s largest slave owner” (Nash, 78). Nash argues
Compare and contrast In reading the brief essays Stranger in the village and Learning to read by Fredrick Douglass and James Baldwin, I found myself not interested in reading because of the large vocabulary that I did not recognize. Nevertheless, I read them over again along with listening to them, which helped me to understand the vocabulary better. They both spoke about the negatives they faced being black. Still, they had different stories to tell. James wrote about moving to a place and being the only black person, no one knew yet everyone wanted to know about and Fredrick wrote about his trials and tribulations of learning to read as a black man.
Although both Richard Wright’s “Black Boy” and James Weldon Johnson’s “Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man” tell the tale of a black or not so black man facing the turmoil of segregation. There is a very distinct difference in both tales. Most notably, both men have very different living conditions and take contrasting approaches towards life. James Weldon Johnson’s “Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man” takes a very different approach on the entirety of the white or black, segregation issue that so many books have done well. Instead of telling the tale of a struggling black male, fighting to keep a job, moving from home to home as in Richard Wright’s “Black Boy”, but instead tells the side of a “white man”.
According to George Herbert Mead, “Society is Unity in diversity”, but throughout the readings of Anna J Cooper and Claudia Rankine one notices that society has not been unified due to the underlying theme of racism, which connects the microaggressions that causes racial prejudices Rankine discusses in Citizen: An American Lyric. Also, in A Voice from the South, scholar Anna J Cooper recognizes the incorrect representation of black people and she examines different authors’ representation of African-Americans. She concludes that an accurate depiction of African Americans has yet been depicted and goes on to state, “What I hope to see before I die is a black man honestly and appreciatively portraying both the Negro as he is, and the white man, occasionally, as seen from the Negro 's standpoint."
Du Bois) to earn a doctorate. Convinced that the role of African American history and the history of other cultures was being ignored or misrepresented among scholars, Woodson saw a need for research into the neglected past of African Americans. Along with Alexander L. Jackson Woodson published The Education of the Negro Prior to 1861 in 1915. It later
Black culture is formed around different stages of resistance. Ending stereotyping and racism. Groups like Black Lives Matter, hashtags like #BlackGirlMagic, or movies like Moonlight are all acts of resistance. To strike down the narrative that black lives are of less value, the black women are unwanted and that black men are super predators. Richard Wright writes several pieces along with ‘Black Boy’ that could be uses as resistance pieces.
The Scottsboro Trials and To Kill a Mockingbird In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, the famous father named Atticus says “You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view… until you climb into his skin and walk around in it (Judith 2). This quote is said during a time of intense racism. “Not long after Obama took office, the National Urban League released its 2009 State of Black America report. The findings showed that racial inequities continued in employment, housing, health care, education, criminal justice, and other areas” (Buckley 1). This essay will primarily focus on the criminal justice area of this when discussing the Scottsboro trials and comparing the trials to the famous novel To Kill a Mockingbird.
By not providing Bigger with a single characterization for his actions, Richard Wright is essentially rejecting the roles that have been traditionally given to black characters in stories. The ambiguity of Bigger’s intentions is what ultimately distinguishes Bigger as not only a black character but as a protagonist in a novel from the conventional black characters of the 1930s. According to Gregory Phipps in “He Wished That He Could Be an Idea in Their Minds”: Legal Pragmatism and the Construction of White Subjectivity in Richard Wright’s Native Son, a single interpretation of black subjects is an analysis that “emerges from an oppressively narrow and short-sighted context that inevitably will give way to a broader understanding” (340). Bigger’s level of complexity forces the reader to go beyond this single interpretation of his identity and conveys the idea that black subjectivity in America can be interpreted in ways other than the preconceived positions already assigned to them. The contrasting ideas of morality between the defensive reaction to racism as he murders Mary Dalton versus the lack of outside motivation behind Bessie’s death completely undermines the role Bigger is given based on his race.
A Separate Peace “ Explain how the title relates to the events of the novel and the themes of A Separate Peace. “ The title of this novel , A Separate Peace by John Knowles, relates to the story in a way that is not directly stated. Each reader must decipher the text to find the true meaning of the title. Each reader may have a different opinion on the underlying connotations of the title in relation to the novel. I have chosen to focus on the war aspect of this book, rather than the relationships between characters for I feel the novel would have a very different outcome, or overall feeling if the setting were anything but World War Two.