Causes Of Colonisation Of India

1767 Words8 Pages
ore and more widely known of as time went on. An example of such an upset and one of the chief reasons for the official colonisation of India in 1858 was the 1857 rebellion that proved to be a last straw for the EIC. The cause of the Rebellion of 1857 is often cited as the perception that the EIC was trying to convert Hindus and Muslims to Christianity. However, the revolt started, among the Indian soldiers of British East India Company, when the British introduced new rifle cartridges, rumored to be greased with pig and cow fat — an abhorrent concept to Muslim and Hindu soldiers, respectively, for religious reasons. In response British killed 100,000 (debated to be up to 1,000,000) Indians, not the sort of event that was healthy for the British…show more content…
In the twilight of the 19th century and at the dawn of the twentieth, British expatriate businesses enjoyed great success. India fulfilled its role in the imperial economy primarily as a main customer of British products. British trading companies, located primarily in the Calcutta area, dominated the external trading sector. As B.R. Tomlinson explains, India's export trade was composed of mainly agrarian produces like raw cotton, raw jute, rice, tea, oilseeds, and wheat, which were sold to North America, Europe, and Britain. However, increasingly simple manufactured goods had been exported. Great Britain was the most important trading partner, yet British exports to India remained significantly larger then imports from the colony. Britain accounted for 60% of all imports in 1913. The Indian market was not equally lucrative to all British exporters; to the staple industry, cotton textile manufacturers, and producers of engineering products, however, the Indian market was of immense importance. British heavy industry also exported products in high quantity, even if not as high as by the cotton industry, to the Indian subcontinent. The British-led industrialisation of India created a demand for rails, galvanized sheets, tinplate and other steel products. However, approximately 30% of all steel imports were Belgian. Furthermore, the Indian
Open Document