When the Baby Boomers generation emerged, it was already “considered to be a very different generation than its previous ones” (Owram, 1997). The Baby Boomer Generation not only witnessed some of the greatest social changes in history during the 1960s and 1970s, but also participated in them, just like the Civil Rights Movement as well as the Women Right’s Movement, which created the expectation for this generation to give its next generation a better world than the one they found. However, the Baby Boomers created a societal trend towards a thinner body standards for females which caused the women’s image to decrease all the way until 1959, setting a limit during the 1960´s until now. During the 1950´s, Marilyn Monroe was not only considered "the standard of voluptuous beauty”, but also a sex symbol (Sheehan, 2004, p. 97) as by that time she was a major media icon and the sensation of the moment for being on the cover pages of magazines like Playboy, LIFE, and Vogue (n.d, 2006). However, when the 60’s began, the “British invasion” of America was not only causing changes in music, but also in fashion and with it a new role of how women were at that time.
Pre-Write Topic: The impact of women on political and social reforms Footprint: American Progressive Era, 1880s – 1920s Setting the Scene: The Progressive Era was a time of extensive reformation across the United States. Outline of your arguments supported by evidence: - Social change: New inventions increased jobs creating independence, altering family life and leading to protests on wage, birth control, and workplace regulations. Inventions: Typewriter, Telephone Switch, Automobile Jobs: Office, Field, Factory (participated in the war) Independence: increased money, more freedom (from dependency and oppression) Family life: divorce increased, family size decreased Birth Control: raising a child require a lot of time, energy, and money –
After the war ended, women were no longer needed in the workforce and were expected to return to pre-war beliefs and focus on marriage, housekeeping and child rearing. The image of the happy housewife became the image that many women strived to achieve and was on the more frequent depictions of women in television, magazines and advertisements. Television played a vital role in the postwar era in reflecting the changes in society as well as influencing the future. Women began to look at the lives of their mothers and saw the unhappiness and decided that was not the life that they wanted to live. Though with the stereotype of the spinster and old maid, many were still afraid to remain single.
The last big change that any women had seen had been forty years before when women earned the right to vote. Birth control was going to lead the way for many more changes. Housewives finally got to see a change in their lifestyle and unmarried women were no longer considered to be the outcasts. Women were now able to enter the workforce but with limited job opportunities. However, in 1964, five months before Kisses for My President was released, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 allowed for more job opportunities and outlawed discrimination against race, color, sex, national origin, and religion.
Although many, during the 1950s, were still recovering from the aftermath of the Second World War, the new decade saw many changes to the Australian way of life. The conflicts of World War Two not only changed the average family composition, but also altered gender roles and employment opportunities for women. In a similar way, the Singer Sewing Machine also had a major influence on many lives of women; it not only allowed women to complete household chores more efficiently, but also allowed for females to learn a useful skill that was marketable in the work industry. In saying this, women’s fashion of the 1950s had transitioned into a more free and informal style, in contrast to the traditional and restricted trend of the previous decade.
From the suffragettes to the campaigners of the ‘60s, women were able to gain the rights to vote, equality under the law, as well as increased educational opportunities. However, this does not mean that all women gained these rights automatically; this change took perseverance and the better part of a century, especially for African American women, who were not seen as equals until over forty years after the 19th Amendment was ratified. It is also important to recognize that while the counterculture movement may not have had many legal footholds, it’s standing effects on modern American life continue to shine through. The counterculture movement’s goals envisioned a peaceful America free of prejudice and injustice, much like its sister movement. The nonconformists of counterculture were the biggest threat to the conservatives of anti-communist America, yet also was the salvation of the equal rights movements to
Women took care of their children and usually remained at home. Their education was limited to learning domestic skills. There were few opportunities for women to obtain an education because only a few colleges or universities would accept a female. Women had no access to positions of power. The equal rights act for women was designed to give equal rights for women, The Equal rights act was written by Alice Paul and Crystal Eastman.
There was very little success and movement towards women having the right to vote except for places like Wyoming that needed to attract immigrant women to extremely lowly female populated lands. In 1869, Wyoming extended the right to vote to women and became the second state in the 18th century to allow women to vote behind New Jersey when it entered the Union in 1890 (588). Some women opposed the 15th Amendment and argued that native-born American women should have the right to vote over African-Americans and immigrants, while other feminists supported the era’s amendments because they believed they were steps in a positive direction towards ubiquitous suffrage. The consequence of the two side’s ideas were two separate women’s suffrage organizations: The American Woman Suffrage Association, with Lucy Stone as president, and National Woman Suffrage Association, run by Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Both organizations tried to use the Constitution’s words to claim equal rights but courts rejected their efforts every time due to the fact that the people in chair were men.
The widespread assumption was that the women have to be at home. The minority of women in the 1930s did not grab the opportunity to marry young or to endure children, but neither American men nor even the majority of American women themselves were prepared to leave their traditional perspectives about the established position of ladies behind.] The unexampled women's associations and movements supported the idea of equal rights and the growth in importance of innovative contemporaries of female writers, artists, and professionals. These groups of people tried to achieve the transformation of the outdated patriarchal social structure all around America. “As women became active in
America has her problems with inequality when it comes to women’s social conduct in which they belong in society. Does a women gain importance from being independent and financially competent in society or do women who aren’t a part of the female work force less of a human than her fellow women. The 1950s society was split on the issue of where women actually fit in our society after their liberations in the 1920s with gaining their right to vote, they began to have a voice in society without much progress in the 1940s had the liberation of being working and having a disposable income for the first time in their lives and being told you need to be in the home with the children this created a tremor before the feminist earthquake. Two major theories that abide with women’s rights these are functionalism and feminism. The first theory inhibits functionalism this discusses what the roles of women in 1950s society.