The Abbasid Dynasty: The Golden Age Of Islamic Civilization

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The Abbasid Dynasty: The Golden Age of Islamic Civilization

Because of a few exceptionally competent caliphs and their guides, the Abbasid Caliphate flourished through the early ninth century, notwithstanding the significant difficulties of decision an enormous and multiethnic domain.

Al-Ma'mun embraced the radical Mu'tazili religious philosophy, which was impacted by Greek logic and held that God could be seen through reasonable request, and that conviction and practice ought to be liable to reason. He built the mihna, a probe in which the adherence of researchers and authorities to Mu'tazili philosophy was tried, and they could be detained or even murdered in the event that they didn't take after the religious philosophy.

Accordingly, al-Ma'mun's rule saw a becoming division between the Isalmic sovereign and the Isalmic individuals. This division was exacerbated by his production of a multitude of Central Asian fighters faithful just to him. Amid al-Ma'mun's rule, the common governors, called emirs, got to be progressively autonomous. The legislative head of Persia set up his own particular tradition
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Caliph al-Mu` tasim (r. 1242–1258), on the other hand, declined to recognize their power and offered these non-Muslims just abuse and dangers. Confronted with Mongol intrusion, he did little to plan, and the Mongol swarms soon encompassed Baghdad. They caught the city in 1258 and sacked it. They stomped the caliph to death, and totally crushed the city. They slaughtered some place somewhere around 100,000 and a million individuals, demolished all the books of the House of Wisdom and different libraries, smoldered down all the incredible landmarks of the city, and left Baghdad a seething ruin. This denote the end of the Abbasid caliphate of Baghdad, and the unexpected end of the Islamic brilliant

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