The Abbasid Caliphate: The Golden Era Of Islamic Civilization

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Introduction:
The Abbasid Caliphate, who ruled the Islamic world after the Ummayads, portrayed the golden era of the Islamic civilization. The Abbasid’s ruled the Islamic civilization from 750 to 1258 AD, causing it to be one of the greatest, most powerful, and most leading Islamic dynasties that ever existed. The Abbasid’s early history shows how it was one of the biggest empires ever established as it spread all the way from Far East to far west. This allowed the Abbasids to capture some of the important values and traditions of those cultures that they dominated.
The rise of the Abbasid
The Abbasid Dynasty started as result of the revolution they conducted against the Umayyad’s dynasty because of the hatred the Umayyad’s had towards many groups that have all gathered under the name of the Abbasid. The main reason for this hate is that the Umayyad’s favored Arabs Muslims over other Non-Arab Muslims and treated Mawali, (People of converted to islam recently), as second- class citizens. Another reason was
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786–809), is his passion for arts and science made Baghdad and influential center in the world for science, philosophy, medicine, and education. Due to the massive size of the Abbasid Empire it had many connections with other cultures, and so Baghdad scholars collected and translated knowledge from all those neighboring cultures. Certainly, Harun Al Rashid legacy was carried out by his son al ma'mun. Al ma'mun enhanced his father legacy by improving scientists and scholar’s performances. One of al ma'mun establishments is “Bayt al Hikma” in Baghdad - Iraq, which is the house of wisdom. Bayt al Hikma simply gathers scholars and translators who are Muslims or non-Muslims, they are grouped in one place that considered to be a library or a university. In Bayt al Hikma precious knowledge about human history and development was collected and translated in

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