The Academic Writing Process

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To produce a scholarly text in any discipline by English language learners is one of the most difficult tasks as it requires comprehensive linguistic and communicative ability. Academic writing serves as communication tool for conveying acquired knowledge in a specific field of study. The changing nature of higher education is being the most dominant issue in the support and development of academic writing, this paper sheds light on the short overview of academic writing. Further, some examples and types of academic writing are to be mentioned. Academic writing strategies with some essential components are to be presented. The academic writing style and process are to be presented at a glance. The paper highlights need and importance of academic…show more content…
Oshima and Hogue (1999) categorize the writing process into four stages that include prewriting, planning, writing and revising of drafts. According to Greene (2001) the process approach to writing is a multi-dimensional activity in which students are in continual contact of the instructor and peers while going through the steps of planning, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing. Brown (2001), on the other hand, frames three stages of writing, which are pre-writing, drafting and revising. Seow (2002) divides writing process into four stages, namely, planning, drafting, revising and editing. In general, first understand essay title/requirements and assess reading texts-choose most suitable. Then Select relevant areas of texts-keep record for references. Make notes on relevant areas, using paraphrasing and summarizing skills. Combine a variety of sources where necessary, Select suitable structure for essay-make plan. Organize and write main introduction, main body and conclusion .critically read and rewrite where…show more content…
When an author writes in an expository style, all they are trying to do is explain a concept, imparting information from themselves to a wider audience. Examples of Expository Writing -Textbooks, How-to articles, Recipes, News stories (not editorials or Op-Eds), Business, technical, or scientific writing. Descriptive writing-- When an author writes in a descriptive style, they are painting a picture in words of a person, place, or thing for their audience. Examples of Descriptive writing- Poetry, Journal/diary writing, Descriptions of Nature, Fictional novels or plays. Persuasive writing is the main style of writing used in academic papers. When an author writes in a persuasive style, they are trying to convince the audience of a position or belief. Persuasive writing contains the author’s opinions and biases, as well as justifications and reasons given by the author as evidence of the correctness of their position. Examples of Persuasive writing- Cover letters, Op-Eds Editorial newspaper, articles, Reviews of items, Letters of complaint, Advertisements, Letters of recommendation. Narrative writing is used in almost every longer piece of writing, whether fiction or nonfiction. When an author writes in a narrative style, they are trying to construct and communicate a story, complete with characters, conflict, and settings. Examples of Narrative writing-Oral histories,

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