Actor Network Theory Analysis

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“An actant in modern computing does not act in isolation”

Modern computing can be analysed using a new sociological methodology- the actor network theory. The actor network theory, which was introduced in the 1980s by Bruno Latour, Michel Callon, and John Law, is considered as a conceptual frame that can be used in exploring collective and sociotechnical processes. In the actor network theory, the work of science if not fundamentally different from social actions (Anon., n.d.). The ANT theory contains concepts of anti-essentialism where networks are examined and interpreted using both conceptual frame and process guides. There are three principles that are embedded within the ANT theory (Latour, n.d.). The first concept is agnosticism, which
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Its principles, which include agnosticism, generalized symmetry, and free association allows researchers to study things in a completely different way. The actor network theory is perfect in studying modern computing because it can easily relate the different components of the computing world as coequal entities. The software, hardware, cookies, DNS protocols, IP addresses are only some of the examples of digital actants that act in the assemblage together. At the political and economic scale, the actor network theory connects humans with computing elements in a very easy way as if they are equal entities. Human and nonhumans are taken as having a network connection with each other without socio demographic characterisation such as age and gender. There are also a lot of critics of this new theory. They have argued that this theory is unable to protect against discrimination due to its agnosticism of the different actants. The mains strengths of this theory lies on its ability to draw on the strengths of qualitative research and it provides a new framework, with which to study information technology and computers. By refusing to accept socio-demographics of its actants and treating human and non-human actors impartially, it avoids essentialism and the lack of heterogeneity. It offers advantages over other research methodologies in situations where political correctness is relevant. The actor network theory studies the connections of all the components of modern computing, which it considers as co-equal actants in the assemblage. By focusing on the connections between these actants, the actor network theory has proven that the actants in modern computing do not act in

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