Being responsible for government policy, it is crucial for the Cabinet to have confidence of the House of Commons (Parl., 2012). Not everyone can be a part of Cabinet, so the Ministers who are chosen by the Prime Minister are “Members of House of Commons… and at least one Senator… who serves as the Leader of the Government in the Upper house (Parl., 2012). Each Cabinet Minister is assigned specific roles they must fulfil within government (House of Commons, 2008), and the Cabinet lasts as long as the Prime Minister is in power. Another factor that grants the responsible government power is winning majority seats in the House of Commons. Simply defined by Joseph Howe, responsible government indicates the responsibility to the people in Canada; as it “is more commonly described as an executive or Cabinet that is dependent on
Federalism guards against tyranny, so does the separation of powers, checks and balances, and the House of Representatives and the Senate. Each guard in different, unique ways. All of them do the same job to guard against tyranny. Federalism divides the government into the state and central governments. The division of powers gives each branch of government equal power, while checks and balances allows each branch to check each other.
Federalism is defined as, “system of government in which the same territory is controlled by two levels of government” (Cornell, n.d, para. 1). In the United States, this system forms the basis of the separation of powers that is the key to the effective governing of the nation. However, the separation of powers between a unitary government and a confederative one is not without overlapping authority as well instances where one, the federal government, can influence policy in state governments, where the latter cannot. How did this style of government come to be from the failure of the Articles of Confederation, and how does it still impact policy on the state level today?
Checks and Balances Secondly, the separation of power provides a system of shared powers or checks and balances. By that I mean, that each branch has the power to limit or check the other two. The Constitution gave the most checks to Congress or the legislature. They did this because the framers did not want the president to gain enough power to become a tyrant. A few legislative checks include; the ability to impeach the president or judges, override a presidential veto, pass laws to overthrow supreme court decisions, and propose amendments to the Constitution.
Tyranny is when one person or group has too much power. To protect it’s people from tyranny the Constitution uses federalism, separation of powers, and checks and balances. An important tool the Constitution uses is Federalism to share power. Federalism is when a country has a compound government, which includes a central government and state governments. James Madison explains that power will be divided between the central government and state governments; the said power will then be split between discrete departments.
Therefore, Canada’s multibranched government is made up of a cabinet system, a prime minister and the Queen. The cabinet system is the type of government Canada uses. Canada is a monarchy country. The cabinet system is a group of people who help the prime minister with making rules and laws. According to the text, “Cabinet is a group of advisors who help the head of the government establish policies and make decisions.” Also, each province of Canada has its own set of different rules and government similar to the United States.
They are responsible, as the guiding committee of Parliament, for the preparation and enactment of most legislation and of the budget. Now, the Republic system as opposed to the Westminster system is one of representative government, while the Westminster system is one of responsible government, which means that the executive is responsible to the legislature, and requires its confidence to remain in power. While in the U.S system, the executive are separate from the legislature, in the
The representatives in parliament are elected by the people and they have to be responsible to the people and protect them. The representatives in parliament has no greater power than what is given to them and they cannot act against the best interests of the people. Political parties has to earn respect from the public in order to succeed. Today parliamentary sovereignty is done away with and the Supreme law is the Constitution
They would instead offer different reasons as to what makes America great and not so great, for example; many people on either side would believe that the US is a Democracy, well I can tell you that the US is both a Democracy and a Republic. Democracy by definition is a system of government in which the citizens exercise power directly or elect representatives from among themselves to form a governing body, such as a parliament. Sometimes referred to as "rule of the majority. A Republic or in our case a Constitutional Republic is defined as a state where the officials are elected as representatives of the people, and must govern according to existing constitutional law that limits the government's power over citizens. Now the US being both offers us the benefits and freedoms of both systems, making us technically a Democratic Constitutional
The Introduction The precedent is a decided legal case, which is used as a basis for deciding later similar cases. The English Law system is a legal system where the precedent has a great weight. This law system can be subdivided into two main interrelated branches: statute (or statutory) law and common law. Statute is an Act of Parliament, which starts its life as a bill, goes through the parliament, receives royal assent and becomes law.  Common law works in a different way, the judges rather than the Parliament make common law or ‘judge-made law’.