Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) was formed and it spread the news of boycott all around the town. On Monday 5 December, black residents started not to ride transportation who took up 70 percent of the passengers. This caused the transportation company to run a huge deficit. In December 1956, a federal court said that the segregated buses are unconstitutional so the buses in Montgomery became officially desegregated. This event showed what united, peaceful protest can achieve and the economic power of the blacks.
Leading a team not only means you would be responsible for their actions, but also for the consequences. Hence, for a successful leader like Dr. King, had the vision, goals and the right direction to see what the future should hold for them. (Wernsing, 2008) Dr. King was an ethical and unbiased leader. He fought for equality of African-American. After Dr. King’s visit to India, he was inspired by Mahatma Gandhi for his will to fight for the people using non-violence.
“Are you going to stand? Rosa looked at the bus driver, as he asked her to stand up and with no hesitation she said, “No.” (Reed & Parks, pg.23). Parks changed history with one simple word, which led to equality between races and no segregated buses. When looking at the Civil Rights movement in America, it is important to discuss the significance of the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the result of the Montgomery Bus Boycott on civil rights, and what did Rosa did to help change the world. The story of the Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-1956) was a signified justice and segregation.
Analytical Perspective: Montgomery Bus Boycott Background Due to the Jim Crow laws enforced in many southern states, the bus system in many of these states were segregated, with the white passengers being able to sit at the front of the bus (and the majority of the bus). The ‘coloured’ passengers had to sit at the back of the bus, entering from a different door than that of the whites. This was especially true in the bus ring of Montgomery, Alabama. This was tiring for the black population who had to use the public transport to get to their jobs. Actual Events On December 1st, 1955, Rosa Parks sparked the beginning of the boycott of the Montgomery buses, and the beginning of the civil rights movement as a real, tangible force.
During John Lewis’s early life, the Montgomery Bus Boycott inspired him to get into the civil rights movement. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a protest based off of Rosa Parks refusing to get up for a white person. She was arrested and put into jail; her arrests sparked the start of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Everyone who participated in the Bus Boycott walked everywhere instead of taking the bus. The Bus Boycott was not the only issue that inspired John Lewis, the Brown v. Board case also distressed him.
Rosa Parks, someone who is famously known for taking a stand, had said when talking about the bus incident “I thought of Emmett Till and I just couldn’t go back” (Lisa Vox). The image of Till’s battered body casket became a rallying cry for African Americans who joined the civil rights movement to ensure that something like this would never happen again. In conclusion, Emmett Till’s death death impacted the civil rights movement in a huge way. It all started when he entered that grocery store in Money Mississippi. When Carolyn Bryant’s husband found out what happened he immediately wanted vengeance.
By 1963 many African Americans in the South were still denied jobs and their civil rights; the pace of desegregation was too slow (Stephenson, C., Mbansini, T., Frank, F., Pillay, F. & Hlongwane, J. 2013: 181). Philip Randolph, an associate of Martin Luther King, came up with the idea to conduct a march to the Lincoln Memorial on 28 August 1963. The march was called ‘The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom’ and it was organised by Randolph along with King and a few other civil rights leaders. The March received diverse support from religious leaders to entertainers to labour organisations and more; there were many Americans from various ethnic backgrounds.
Around 1960s, many people who disagreed with racism participated in sit-in protests at public facilities which were only for White people. By doing this strike, some public facilities stopped segregation, and many people understood how acute the racism was in America. ("The Sit-In Movement" from U.S. History.org) In 1963, Martin Luther King, Jr. spoke to public in front of the Lincoln Memorial. The name of the speech was “I Have a Dream”. He argued that Black people should have rights of life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness.
When Martin Luther protested an fought for the right of the colored people he did in a nonviolent way but the rulers did not use the same method. According to the article Selma to Montgomery March “The marchers didn’t get far before Alabama state troopers wielding whips, nightsticks and tear gas rushed the group at the Edmund Pettis Bridge and beat them back to Selma.” The ruled risk getting punished harshly but that doesn’t take away their responsibility. It is the citizens duty to create a safe and equal environment for everyone. “You are our sovereign, our Government, only so long as we consider ourselves your subjects” (pg.176). Citizens can’t be managed by the rulers in everything they do.
The consequences of peaceful protesting is, the marchers from Selma to Montgomery, had to go back and march three times. The first march wasn 't what they wanted to achieve and got sent back to the bridge. The second march was when they were crossing the bridge. The police officers attacked them with stick, teargas, clubs, arrested innocent people, guns were fired, knocked people to the ground, whips, rubber tubing wrapped in barbed wire was a weapon that the police officers whipped at the marchers. The third time they went to march, they won Federal Protection and they successfully marched for their cause.